Alstom Citadis

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A Citadis 302 in Mulhouse
A Citadis 401 in Dublin
A Citadis 402 in Nice

The Citadis is a family of low-floor trams (streetcars) and light rail vehicles built by Alstom. As of 2017, over 2,300 Citadis trams have been sold and 1,800 tramways are in revenue service throughout the world,[1] including: Bordeaux, Grenoble, Lyon, Montpellier, Rouen, Orléans, the Paris area, Nottingham, Algiers, Oran, Constantine, Barcelona, Dubai, Dublin, Istanbul, Gdańsk, Katowice, Adelaide, Melbourne, Jerusalem, Rabat, Casablanca, Tunis, Rotterdam, Rio de Janeiro, and Madrid. An evolution of Alstom's earlier TFS vehicle, most Citadis trams are made in Alstom's factories in La Rochelle, Reichshoffen and Valenciennes, France, and in Barcelona, Spain, and Annaba, Algeria.[2] Also, Gaziantep bought second-hand TFS's from Rouen.

Competitors to the Citadis include Bombardier Transportation's Flexity family, Siemens's Combino, Avenio, S70/Avanto trams and LRVs, CAF's Urbos, Škoda ForCity and other Škoda tramcars, AnsaldoBreda Sirio, TMK 2200 from Crotram and Kinki Sharyo LRVs.

Citadis types[edit]

The Citadis family includes both partial and fully low-floor trams and LRVs, in versions with three (20x), five (30x), seven (40x), and nine (50x) sections. It comprises the following standard variants:

Urban vehicles[edit]

Citadis X00:

Citadis X01 (First generation):

  • Citadis 301 – three section, 70% low floor (Orléans)
    • Citadis 301 CIS – 100% low floor version with IPOMOS bogies on 1,524 mm (5 ft) gauge (Moscow, Saint-Petersburg[3]). Own Russian name according unifying system of rolling stock classification: 71-801.
  • Citadis 401 – five sections, 70% low floor (Montpellier and Dublin, some converted from 301s)

Citadis X02 (Second generation):

  • Citadis 202 – three section, 100% low floor (Melbourne)

Citadis X03 (Third generation):

  • Citadis 403 – seven sections, 100% low floor (Strasbourg)

Citadis X04 (Fourth generation):

  • Citadis 304 – 100% low floor, next generation design for Central and Eastern Europe (Istanbul)

Citadis X05 (Fifth generation):

Light-rail vehicles[edit]

  • Regio-Citadis – three sections, 70% low floor LRV (Kassel, The Hague, Salzgitter)
  • Citadis Dualis – four or five sections, 100% low-floor LRV (operated by the SNCF,[5] see below)
  • Citadis Spirit – three or four sections, 100% low floor LRV designed for the North American market (Ottawa, Toronto)[6][7][8]

Power supply[edit]

Like most trams, Citadis vehicles are usually powered by overhead electric wires collected by a pantograph, but the trams in several places do not use pantograph current collection entirely.

The most popular solution is Alstom's proprietary ground-level power supply (APS, first used in Bordeaux and subsequently in Angers, Reims, Orleans, Tours, Dubai, Rio de Janeiro, and in the future, Sydney), consisting of a third rail which is only powered while it is completely covered by a tram so that there is no risk of a person or animal coming into contact with a live rail. On the networks in France and in Sydney, the trams switch to conventional overhead wires in outer areas,[9] but the Dubai vehicles are the first to employ APS for its entire passenger length (although they are still equipped with pantographs for use in the maintenance depot).

Another option is to use on-board batteries to store electrical power, allowing brief periods of catenary-free operation without the need to install special infrastructure. The Citadis trams in Nice operate off a set of nickel metallic hydride batteries in two large open spaces where overhead wires would be an eyesore.[10] This has since been superseded by a supercapacitor-based energy storage system (SRS)[11] which is in use in Rio de Janeiro (alongside APS) and along a new line in Nice. The Regio-Citadis can also be built as a dual-voltage or electro-diesel vehicle with various configurations.

Ordered Citadis trams[edit]

Africa[edit]

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments
 Algeria Algiers
(Algiers tramway)
Tramway alger 6.JPG 402 101–141 41 2010 2.65
 Algeria Constantine
Constantine tramway
ترامواي محطة زواغي سليمان.JPG 402 101–127 47 2010 43.9 2.65 of which 27 were manufactured in Barcelona and 20 were assembled in Annaba, Algeria.[2]
 Algeria Oran
Oran Tramway
Tramway d'Oran 2013.jpg 302 101–130 30 2010 43.9 2.65
 Algeria Ouargla
Ouargla tramway
402 101–123 23 2017 43.9 2.65
 Algeria Mostaganem 402 101–130 30 2017 43.9 2.65
 Algeria Sidi Bel Abbes 402 101–130 30 2016 43.9 2.65
 Algeria Setif 402 101–130 47 2016 43.9 2.65
 Algeria Batna 402 101–130 30 2016 43.9 2.65
 Algeria Annaba 402 101–130 30 2017 43.9 2.65
 Algeria Skikda 402 101–130 20 2018 43.9 2.65
 Algeria Tébessa 402 101–130 20 2018 43.9 2.65
 Morocco Casablanca
(Casablanca Tramway
Trams in Casablanca 2013.JPG 302 74 2012 2.65 Single ended - operate in service as back-to-back pairs. Semi permanently coupled.
 Morocco Rabat-Salé
(Rabat-Salé tramway)
Le tramway de Rabat pourrait créer des emplois (5853267574).jpg 302 32 44 2010 2.65 19 double trams (back to back single ended pairs, semi permanently coupled), 6 single bidirectional trams
 Tunisia Tunis Metro mourouj.jpg 302 401–430 30 2007 32 - 64 in MU 2.4 Single ended - operate in service as back-to-back pairs.

Asia[edit]

Country City Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length
(m or
ft in)
Width
(m or
ft in)
Comments
 Taiwan Kaoshiung - Circular Line (KMRT) Citadis X05 15 2018 33.4 m or 109 ft 7 in 2.65 m or 8 ft 8 38 in [12]

North America[edit]

Country City Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length
(m or
ft in)
Width
(m or
ft in)
Comments
 Canada Ottawa - Confederation Line Citadis Spirit 34 (options for more) 2018 48 m or 157 ft 5 34 in 2.65 m or 8 ft 8 38 in Four car trains with two cab cars, a central car and an intermediate car totalling 48 m (157 ft 5 34 in).

Train to be built in Hornell, NY with final assembly in Ottawa[13]
 Canada Greater Toronto (Eglinton line, Finch West line, Hurontario line) Citadis Spirit 61 2021 48 m or 157 ft 5 34 in 2.65 m or 8 ft 8 38 in Vehicles of a similar design to Ottawa order. Requested by Metrolinx due to uncertainty on an order with Bombardier. Will be used on Line 5 Eglinton if Bombardier order late; otherwise, on other Metrolinx projects.[14]

Maximum capacity according to vendor for a 48m train is 340 passengers[15] (AW-2 standard, which simulates a load with some seated and some standing passengers.) A newspaper report indicates a 292 passenger configuration for the Metrolinx order.[16]

South America[edit]

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m or ft) Width (m or ft) Comments
 Brazil VLT Carioca
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de janeiro tramway first one placed.jpg 402 101-132 32[17] 2016 44 m or 144 ft 4 14 in[18] 2.650 m or 8 ft 8 38 in[18] With APS
system
 Ecuador Cuenca[19] 302 14 2016

Middle East[edit]

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments
 Israel Jerusalem Jerusalem light rail 1st demo run.jpg 302 46 2009 2.65
 United Arab Emirates Dubai Dubai Alstom Citadis 402.jpg 402 001-025 25 2013-2014 2,65 APS[20]
 Qatar Lusail 302 2019 2,65 APS[21]

Europe[edit]

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers No. Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments
 France Angers 3,52 Verneau Citadis n°1016 (tram Angers) par Cramos.JPG 302 1001-1017 17 2009 32.4 2.40
 France Aubagne Alstom Citadis Compact LIGNES DE L'AGGLO Château Blanc.jpg Compact 8[4] 2014 22 2.40 First Citadis Compact ordered. Options for 10[4]
 France Bordeaux Citadis 402 at Victoire tram stop Bordeaux 2007-10-23 (142442).jpg 402 2201 - 2232
2301 - 2306
2501 - 2520
2801 - 2804
62 2002
2003
2005
2008
2011
43.9 2.40
 France Bordeaux XDSC 7591-tramway-de-Bordeaux-place-Paul-Doumer.jpg 302 2241 - 2246
2541 - 2546
12[22][23] 2002
2005
32.8 2.40
 France Grenoble TAG - Citadis 6010 - 2012.jpg 402[24] 6001 - 6035, 6036 - 6050 49 2005, 2009 43 2.40
 France Le Havre Alstom Citadis 302 n°010 LiA - Hôtel de Ville.JPG 302 22 2011–2012 2.40
 France Le Mans Alstom Citadis 302 n°1030 Espal Arche de la Nature.jpg 302 1001 - 1034 34 2007, 2011, 2014 32.0 2.40
 France Lyon Alstom Citadis 302 - Tramway de Lyon - Ligne T2 - Saint-Priest Bel Air.JPG 302 0801 - 0847, 0848 - 0857, 0858 - 0870, 0871 - 0873 70 2000, 2006, 2009, 2010 32.4 2.40
 France Lyon Meyzieu Les Pannettes tramterminus T3.jpg 402 0874 - 0885 12[25] 2012-2013 43.8 2.40 Replaces the Citadis 302 on the line 3 while the 302 are transferred on the other lines.
 France Montpellier Montpellier fg07.jpg 301 2001–2028 30[26] 1999–2000 40.9 2.65 Extended to Citadis 401
 France Montpellier Citadis 302 Tramway de Montpellier ligne T2 2011.jpg 302 2031–2033, 2041–2064 27 2006–2007 32.5 2.65
 France Montpellier Montpellier - Tramway - Ligne 3 - Centre-Ville - Juvignac (25).jpg 402 23 43 2.65
 France Mulhouse Tramway Mulhouse Porte Jeune.JPG 302 01 - 27 27 2005–2006 32.5 2.40 Two of these (04 and 05) were used in Argentina on the Tranvía del Este.
 France Nice Citadis 302 n°19 sur batteries à Nice.JPG 302 01 - 20, 21 - 28 28 2006–2007, 2010 33 2.65 Trams from 14 to 28 are extended to 402
 France Orléans Tram at Orleans (France) car 40 direction Hopital.JPG 301 39 - 60 22[27] 2000 29.9 2.32
 France Orléans Citadis 302 à Orléans.jpg 302 61 - 81 21[28] 2010–2011 32.3 2.40
 France Paris T2 Pont de Bezons 3b.JPG 302 0401 - 0413, 0414 - 0426, 0427 - 0442, 0442 - 0460, 0461 - 0466 66 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2015 32.2 2.40 T2
 France Paris Citadis Alstom Paris T3.jpg 402 0301 - 0321, 0322 - 0346 46 2006, 2012 43.7 2.65 T3
 France Paris Coeur d'Orly Citadis n°703 par Cramos.JPG 302 701-719 19[29] 2013 32 2.40 T7
 France Paris P1050674 T8 @ César.JPG 302 801-820 20[29] 2014 32 2.40 T8
 France Paris 405[30] 22[31] 2019-2020 44 2.65 T9
 France Reims Tramway de Reims.jpg 302 101 - 118 18[32][33] 2010 32.4 2.40
 France Rouen Rouen Citadis trams II.jpg 402 27 2011–2012 40-45 2.40 To replace the TFS[34]

Used as a light rail.

 France Strasbourg Alstom Citadis 403 n°2021 Strasbourg - Langstross tram A.jpg 403 2001–2041, 3001-? 41[35] 2005–2006, 2016-? 45.1 2.40
 France Toulouse Tramway de Toulouse.JPG 302 5001-5025 24 2009–2010 32.4 2.40 Designed by Airbus
 France Tours Tram tours 5.jpg 402 21[36] 2012–2013 43 2.40 APS
 France Valenciennes Denain - Interstation Jaurès à Bellevue (B).JPG 302 33 2006 33 2.40
 Germany Kassel RegioTram Hofgeismar 588-frLh.jpg RegioCitadis 701 - 718 18 2004–2005 36.8 2.65
 Germany Kassel RegioCitadis 751 - 760 9 2004–2005 36.8 2.65 Hybrid with diesel engine
 Ireland Dublin Luas @ Heuston.jpg 301 3001 - 3026 26 2003–2004 40 2.40 Red line, in 2007 extended from 30 to 40 m
 Ireland Dublin SandyfordLUAS 4075w.JPG 401 4001 - 4014 14 2003–2004 40 2.40 Red line (transferred from green line 2010)
 Ireland Dublin 2012-04-20 LUAS402 5017.jpg 402 5001 - 5026 26 2009 43 2.40 Green line
 Netherlands The Hague Lijn4.4033.09052008.jpg RegioCitadis 4001 - 4054, 4055 - 4072 72 2006, 2011 36.8 2.65
 Netherlands Rotterdam RET Citadis 2053 Centraal Station Rotterdam.JPG 302 2001–2060 60 2003 31.6 2.40 Unidirectional[37]
 Netherlands Rotterdam RET 2108 Citadis Barendrecht Carnisselande 2.jpg 302 2101–2153 53 2011 30 2.40 Unidirectional[37]
 Poland Gdańsk Gdańsk ulica Chłopska i Konstal NGd99.JPG NGd99 1001–1004 4 1999 26.6 2.35 Marketed as the Konstal NGd99, based on 100 series
 Poland Katowice Karlik.JPG 116Nd 800–816 17 2000 24 2.35
 Russia Saint Petersburg Tram Alstom Citadis 301 CIS in SPB.jpg 301 CIS (71-801 according to Russian unifying system of rolling stock classification) 8900-8902, 8907 4 2014 25.5 2.50 Single ended
 Spain Barcelona Barcelona Tram 01.jpg 302 23 2004 32 2.65 Trambaix network
 Spain Barcelona Tram Barcelona.JPG 302 18 2007 32 2.65 Trambesòs network
 Spain Jaén Jaén - Tranvía en Las Batallas.JPG 302 5 2010 32 2.40
 Spain Madrid Aravacametroligero.jpg 302 70 2007 32 2.40 One of those types are in use on the Lidingöbanan in Stockholm for testing, and another was used in Buenos Aires on the Tranvía del Este.
 Spain Tenerife Cabildo de Tenerife, Spain EMW 2006.jpg 302 20 2007 32.2 2.40
 Spain Murcia Citadis 302 Tranvia de Murcia.JPG 302 11 2011 32 2.40
 Turkey Istanbul Istanbul T1 line Alstom Citadis tram.jpg X04 801-837 37 2009 28 2.65 Able to MU
 UK Nottingham Alstom Citadis tram at Nottingham Express Transit depot.jpg 402[38] 216 - 237 22[39] 2014 2.40 NET Citadis poster

Oceania[edit]

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments
 Australia Adelaide CT 202 glenelg, 2012.JPG 302[40] 201-206 6[40] 2010[41] 32 2.40 Purchased from Madrid in 2009, being surplus to their demands.[40][42]
 Australia Melbourne C Class Tram, Melbourne - Jan 2008.jpg 202[43] 3001–3036[44] 36[44] 2001–2002[44] 23.0[44] 2.65[44] Locally designated C-class.[44]
 Australia Melbourne C2 5123 Bourke St 4-10-2012.jpg 302[45] 5103, 5106, 5111, 5113, 5123[46] 5[46] 2008–2009[46] 32.5[46] 2.65[46] Locally designated C2-class.[46]
Leased from Mulhouse, France in 2008, and later purchased by the Victorian government.[47]
 Australia Sydney X05[48] 30[48] 2019 2.65 for CBD and South East Light Rail[48]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alstom (2017). "Citadis tramways". Alstom, Citadis web presentation. 
  2. ^ a b "CITAL inaugurates its assembly and maintenance site for Alstom Citadis trams in Annaba". Alstom.com. 12 May 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2015. 
  3. ^ http://transphoto.ru/list.php?serv=0&cid=2&mid=4350 Saint-Petersburg, 71-801 (Alstom Citadis 301 CIS) vehicle list
  4. ^ a b c "Aubagne orders Citadis Compact". Railway Gazette International. 7 October 2011. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. 
  5. ^ CITADIS Dualis Information Sheet
  6. ^ "Alstom launches North American light rail vehicle with Ottawa contract". Railway Gazette. 14 February 2013. Archived from the original on 6 September 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2015. 
  7. ^ "Alstom receives order for 61 Citadis Spirit light rail vehicles for Greater Toronto and Hamilton area". Alstom. 2017-05-12. Retrieved 2017-05-12. Alstom has been awarded a firm order for the supply of 61 Citadis Spirit light rail vehicles for the Greater Toronto and Hamilton area (GTHA) by Metrolinx, an agency of the Government of Ontario. The value of the contract is over €355 million (CA$529 million). The vehicle supply contract includes an option for additional vehicles. 
  8. ^ Ben Spurr (2017-05-11). "Metrolinx to buy vehicles from Bombardier competitor". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2017-05-12. According to sources familiar with the deal, Metrolinx has agreed to purchase 61 cars from French manufacturer Alstom as a backup plan if Bombardier doesn’t come through. 
  9. ^ Wansbeek, C.J. (December 2002). "Bordeaux: Fronting the French tramway revolution". Tramways & Urban Transit. Light Rail Transit Association. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2011-03-28. 
  10. ^ "Nice Tramway, France". Railway-Technology.com. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  11. ^ Kuester, Florian (7 February 2017). "Ground-based electric charging – The Alstom SRS". Combined Transport Magazine. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  12. ^ http://www.alstom.com/press-centre/2017/832228/alstom-awarded-its-first-tramway-contract-in-taiwan/
  13. ^ http://www.railwayage.com/index.php/passenger/light-rail/alstom-finalizes-ottawa-lrt-contract.html
  14. ^ "Metrolinx statement on Alstom/Bombardier". Metrolinx. Retrieved 12 May 2017. 
  15. ^ "Citadis spirit: The Spirit that moves your city" (PDF). Alstom. Retrieved 14 May 2017. 
  16. ^ Ben Spurr (2017-05-13). "How do TTC’s streetcar options compare? It’s Bombardier versus Alstom". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2017-05-13. 
  17. ^ "Planejamento de Fabricação do Material Rodante" (PDF) (in Portuguese). 2013-12-19. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-09-03. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  18. ^ a b "Memorial Descritivo Geral do Veículo VLT" (PDF) (in Portuguese). 2014-05-26. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-09-03. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  19. ^ CUENCA LIGHT RAIL
  20. ^ "Al Safouh tram project consortium selected". Railway Gazette International. 2008-04-29. Archived from the original on November 7, 2009. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  21. ^ "Alstom and Qatar Rail unveil the design of Lusail Citadis tram". 2016-04-19. 
  22. ^ "Fiche technique 302". Retrieved 2013-07-11. 
  23. ^ Fiche technique 402 (in French)
  24. ^ "Fiche technique Grenoble 2" (in French). Retrieved 2013-07-11. 
  25. ^ "World rolling stock market November 2012". Railway Gazette International. 26 November 2012. 
  26. ^ Fiche technique 401 (in French)
  27. ^ Fiche technique Orléans (in French)
  28. ^ "Urban rail news in brief - November 2008". Railway Gazette International. 19 November 2008. Retrieved 2011-03-28. 
  29. ^ a b "Citadis remains popular in Paris". Railway Gazette International. 28 January 2011. Archived from the original on 13 February 2012. 
  30. ^ "Alstom will deliver 22 Citadis to the STIF for the line T9 in Ile-de-France". 10 November 2016.  (in French)
  31. ^ "World rolling stock market December 2016". Railway Gazette International. 30 December 2016. 
  32. ^ "Reims tramway sparkles with colour". Alstom. 2007-01-29. Archived from the original on February 21, 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-09. 
  33. ^ "Reims, sa cathédrale, son tram..." (in French). Admirable Design. 2007-05-14. Archived from the original on 26 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-09. 
  34. ^ "Rouen orders trams to increase capacity". Railway Gazette International. 2010-01-05. Retrieved 2011-03-28. 
  35. ^ Fiche technique Strasbourg (in French)
  36. ^ "Tours selects Citadis and APS". Railway Gazette International. 14 September 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-28. 
  37. ^ a b "Airco voor vrijwel alle Rotterdamse trams in 2016" [Air conditioning for almost all trams in Rotterdam 2016] (in Dutch). Treinreiziger. 2015-07-23. Archived from the original on 2015-12-23. Aan het einde van 2016 hebben naar verwachting alle 113 Citadis-trams airco. Dagelijks wordt de Rotterdamse tram door zo'n 130.000 mensen gebruikt. 
  38. ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). 2015-07-13. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-07-13. Retrieved 2017-07-25. 
  39. ^ "Nottingham tram Phase Two contract signed". Railway Gazette International. 15 December 2011. 
  40. ^ a b c Fenton, Andrew (7 June 2009). "Six new trams for Adelaide - ex-Madrid". The Adelaide Advertiser. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  41. ^ Zed, Tom (26 March 2010). "Tram service a slow coach ride to the city". The Adelaide Advertiser. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  42. ^ Castello, Renato (24 May 2009). "European trams to bolster our City-Glenelg fleet". The Adelaide Advertiser. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  43. ^ "Low floor trams have arrived!". Yarra Trams. 17 August 2001. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  44. ^ a b c d e f "C-Class". Yarra Trams. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  45. ^ "Mulhouse Light Rail and Tram Train, France". railway-technology.com. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  46. ^ a b c d e f "C2-Class". Yarra Trams. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  47. ^ "Tram Procurement Program". Public Transport Victoria. Archived from the original on 13 May 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  48. ^ a b c Alstom to deliver to Sydney Citadis X05, the latest evolution of its tram range Alstom February 2015

External links[edit]