Alstom Citadis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A Citadis 302 in Mulhouse
A Citadis 402 in Paris

The Citadis is a family of low-floor trams (streetcars) and light rail vehicles built by Alstom. More than 1140 Citadis trams are in use in over 28 cities,[1] including: Bordeaux, Grenoble, Lyon, Montpellier, Rouen, Orléans, the Paris area, Nottingham, Algiers, Oran, Constantine, Barcelona, Dubai, Dublin, Istanbul, Gdańsk, Katowice, Adelaide, Melbourne, Jerusalem, Rabat, Casablanca, Tunis and Rotterdam outside France. An evolution of Alstom's earlier TFS vehicle, most Citadis trams are made in Alstom's factories in La Rochelle, France, and Barcelona, Spain.

Competitors to the Citadis include Bombardier Transportation's Flexity family, Siemens's Combino, Avenio, S70/Avanto trams and LRVs, CAF's Urbos, Škoda ForCity and other Škoda tramcars, AnsaldoBreda Sirio, TMK 2200 from Crotram and Kinki Sharyo LRVs.

Citadis types[edit]

The Citadis family includes both partial and fully low-floor trams and LRVs, in versions with three (20x), five (30x), and seven (40x) sections. It comprises the following standard variants:

Articulated models[edit]

Specialty models[edit]

  • Regio-Citadis – three sections, 70% low floor tram-train (Kassel, The Hague, Salzgitter)
  • Citadis Dualis – 42 m (137.8 ft) or 52 m (170.6 ft) long, 100% low-floor tram-train (operated by the SNCF,[2] see below)
  • Citadis Compact – 22 m (72.2 ft) long, 100% low floor (Aubagne, Avignon)[3]
  • Citadis Spirit – 100% low floor LRV designed for the North American market (Ottawa)[4]

Tram-trains[edit]

The “Regio-Citadis” variant is designed for tram-train operation, with trams running on mainline railway tracks; it is used on RegioTram Kassel and RandstadRail in and around The Hague. This train type can be built as a dual-voltage or electro-diesel vehicle with various configurations (diesel/600 VDC, 600 VDC/1,5 kV 16 Hz or 600 VDC/Bioenergy/diesel).

The Regio-Citadis model has now been superseded by "Citadis-Dualis", redesigned to operate on the same lines as regional trains (on the TER (Transport express régional) network in France) at up to 100 km/h (62 mph), compared to 70 km/h (43 mph) for the standard Citadis tram), and for stop spacings ranging from 0.5 to 5 km (0.31 to 3.11 mi). A total of 31 sets have been ordered (plus 169 on option [5]) by the SNCF at an average cost of 3.2 million per car (about $4.94 million or £2.5 million).[6]

Power supply[edit]

Like most trams, Citadis vehicles are usually powered by overhead electric wires collected by a pantograph, but the trams in several places do not use pantograph current collection entirely.

The most popular solution is Alstom's proprietary ground-level power supply (APS, first used in Bordeaux and subsequently in Angers, Reims, Orleans, Tours, Dubai, and in the future, Sydney), consisting of a third rail which is only powered while it is completely covered by a tram so that there is no risk of a person or animal coming into contact with a live rail. On the networks in France and in Sydney, the trams switch to conventional overhead wires in outer areas,[7] but the Dubai vehicles are the first to employ APS for its entire passenger length (although they are still equipped with pantographs for use in the maintenance depot).

Another option is to use on-board batteries to store electrical power, allowing brief periods of catenary-free operation without the need to install special infrastructure. The Citadis trams in Nice operate off a set of nickel metallic hydride batteries in two large open spaces where overhead wires would be an eyesore.[8]

Ordered Citadis trams[edit]

Africa[edit]

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments
 Algeria Algiers Tramway alger 6.JPG 302 101–141 41 2010
 Algeria Constantine Tramway constantine.png 402 101–127 27 2010 43.9
 Algeria Oran Tramway d'Oran 2013.jpg 402 101–130 30 2010 43.9
 Morocco Casablanca Trams in Casablanca 2013.JPG 302 74 2012 Able to MU
 Morocco Rabat–Salé Rabat-Salé tram.JPG 302 32 44 2010 19 double trams, 6 single bidirectional trams
 Tunisia Tunis Metro mourouj.jpg 302 401–430 30 2007 32 - 64 in MU 2.4 Single ended - operate in service as back-to-back pairs.

North America[edit]

Country City Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length
(m or
ft in)
Width
(m or
ft in)
Comments
 Canada Ottawa - Confederation Line Citadis Spirit (variant of 302) 34 (options for more) 2018 49 m or 160 ft 9.1 in 2.65 m or 8 ft 8.3 in 2 car trains totalling 98 m (321 ft 6.3 in) with a capacity of 600 passengers. Train to be built in Hornell, NY and final assembly in Ottawa[9]

South America[edit]

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments
 Brazil Rio de Janeiro Rio de janeiro tramway first one placed.jpg 402 32[10] 2016 44[11] 2.650[11] With APS system
 Ecuador Cuenca 302 With APS system

Mideast[edit]

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments
 Israel Jerusalem Jerusalem light rail 1st demo run.jpg 302 46 2009
 United Arab Emirates Dubai Dubai Alstom Citadis 402.jpg 402 001-025 25 2013-2014 2,65 APS[12]

Europe[edit]

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers No. Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments
 France Angers 3,52 Verneau Citadis n°1016 (tram Angers) par Cramos.JPG 302 1001-1017 17 2009 32.4 2.40
 France Aubagne Alstom Citadis Compact LIGNES DE L'AGGLO Château Blanc - Florian Fèvre.JPG Compact 8[3] 2014 22 First Citadis Compact ordered. Options for 10[3]
 France Bordeaux Citadis 402 at Victoire tram stop Bordeaux 2007-10-23 (142442).jpg 402 2201 - 2232
2301 - 2306
2501 - 2520
2801 - 2804
62 2002
2003
2005
2008
2011
43.9 2.40
 France Bordeaux XDSC 7591-tramway-de-Bordeaux-place-Paul-Doumer.jpg 302 2241 - 2246
2541 - 2546
12[13][14] 2002
2005
32.8 2.40
 France Grenoble TAG - Citadis 6010 - 2012.jpg 402[15] 6001 - 6035, 6036 - 6050 49 2005, 2009 43 2.40
 France Le Havre Alstom Citadis 302 n°010 LiA - Hôtel de Ville.JPG 302 22 2011–2012
 France Le Mans Alstom Citadis 302 n°1030 Espal Arche de la Nature - Florian FEVRE.JPG 302 01 - 23 23 2007 32.0 2.40
 France Lyon Alstom Citadis 302 - Tramway de Lyon - Ligne T2 - Saint-Priest Bel Air.JPG 302 0801 - 0847, 0848 - 0857, 0858 - 0870, 0871 - 0873 70 2000, 2006, 2009, 2010 32.4 2.40
 France Montpellier Montpellier fg07.jpg 301 2001–2028 30[16] 1999–2000 40.9
 France Montpellier Citadis 302 Tramway de Montpellier ligne T2 2011.jpg 302 2031–2033, 2041–2064 27 2006–2007 32.5
 France Montpellier Montpellier - Tramway - Ligne 3 - Centre-Ville - Juvignac (25).jpg 402 23 43
 France Mulhouse Tramway Mulhouse Porte Jeune.JPG 302 01 - 27 27 2005–2006 32.5
 France Nice Citadis 302 n°19 sur batteries à Nice.JPG 302 01 - 20, 21 - 28 28 2006–2007, 2010 33
 France Orléans Tram at Orleans (France) car 40 direction Hopital.JPG 301 39 - 60 22[17] 2000 29.9 2.32
 France Orléans Citadis 302 à Orléans.jpg 302 61 - 81 21[18] 2010–2011 32.3 2.40
 France Paris T2 Pont de Bezons 3b.JPG 302 0401 - 0413, 0414 - 0426, 0427 - 0442, 0442 - 0459 60 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010 32.2 2.40 T2
 France Paris Citadis Alstom Paris T3.jpg 402 0301 - 0321, 0322 - 0346 46 2006, 2012 43.7 2.65 T3
 France Paris Coeur d'Orly Citadis n°703 par Cramos.JPG 302 19[19] 2013 32 2.4 T7
 France Paris 302 20[19] 2014 32 2.4 T8
 France Reims Tramway de Reims.jpg 302 101 - 118 18[20][21] 2010 32.4 2.40
 France Rouen Rouen Citadis trams II.jpg 402 27 2011–2012 40-45 2.40 To replace the TFS[22]
 France Strasbourg Alstom Citadis 403 n°2021 Strasbourg - Langstross tram A.jpg 403 2001–2041 41[23] 2005–2006 45.1 2.40
 France Toulouse Tramway de Toulouse.JPG 302 24 2009–2010 32.4 2.40 Designed by Airbus
 France Tours Tram tours 5.jpg 402 21[24] 2012–2013 43 2.40 APS
 France Valenciennes Denain - Interstation Jaurès à Bellevue (B).JPG 302 33 2006 33 2.40
 Germany Kassel RegioTram Hofgeismar 588-frLh.jpg RegioCitadis 701 - 718 18 2004–2005 36.8 2.65
 Germany Kassel RegioCitadis 751 - 760 9 2004–2005 36.8 2.65 Hybrid with diesel engine
 Ireland Dublin Luas @ Heuston.jpg 301 3001 - 3026 26 2003–2004 40 2.40 Red line, in 2007 extended from 30 to 40 m
 Ireland Dublin SandyfordLUAS 4075w.JPG 401 4001 - 4014 14 2003–2004 40 2.40 Red line (transferred from green line 2010)
 Ireland Dublin 2012-04-20 LUAS402 5017.jpg 402 5001 - 5026 26 2009 43 Green line
 Netherlands The Hague Lijn4.4033.09052008.jpg RegioCitadis 4001 - 4054, 4055 - 4072 72 2006, 2011 36.8 2.65
 Netherlands Rotterdam RET Citadis 2053 Centraal Station Rotterdam.JPG 302 2001–2060 60 2003 31.6 2.4 Unidirectional
 Netherlands Rotterdam RET 2108 Citadis Barendrecht Carnisselande 2.jpg 302 2101–2153 53 2009 30 2.4 Unidirectional
 Poland Gdańsk Gdańsk ulica Chłopska i Konstal NGd99.JPG NGd99 1001–1004 4 1999 26.6 2.35 Marketed as the Konstal NGd99, based on 100 series
 Poland Katowice Karlik.JPG 116Nd 800–816 17 2000 24 2.35
 Spain Barcelona Barcelona Tram 01.jpg 302 19 2004 32 2.65 Trambaix network
 Spain Barcelona Tram Barcelona.JPG 302 18 2007 32 2.65 Trambesòs network
 Spain Jaén Jaén - Tranvía en Las Batallas.JPG 302 5 2010 32 2.40
 Spain Madrid Aravacametroligero.jpg 302 70 2007 32 One of those types are in use on the Lidingöbanan in Stockholm, Sweden for testing, as the current cars are getting very old.
 Spain Tenerife Cabildo de Tenerife, Spain EMW 2006.jpg 302 20 2007 32.2 2.40
 Spain Murcia Citadis 302 Tranvia de Murcia.JPG 302 11 2011 32 2.40
 Turkey Istanbul Istanbul T1 line Alstom Citadis tram.jpg X-04 801-837 37 2009 28 2.65 Able to MU
 UK Nottingham Alstom Citadis tram at Nottingham Express Transit depot.jpg 302 216 - 237 22[25] 2014 NET Citadis poster

Oceania[edit]

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments
 Australia Adelaide CT 202 glenelg, 2012.JPG 302[26] 6[26] 2010[27] 32 2.4 Purchased from Madrid in 2009, being surplus to their demands.[26][28]
 Australia Melbourne C 3010 in La Trobe St on route 24, 2013.JPG 202[29] 3001–3036[30] 36[30] 2001–2002[30] 23.0[30] 2.65[30] Locally designated C-class.[30]
 Australia Melbourne C2 5123 Bourke St 4-10-2012.jpg 302[31] 5103, 5106, 5111, 5113, 5123[32] 5[32] 2008–2009[32] 32.5[32] 2.65[32] Locally designated C2-class.[32]
Leased from Mulhouse, France in 2008, and later purchased by the Victorian government.[33]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Planète CITADIS" (in French). Alstom, Citadis Mag № 10. 2008-04-10. Archived from the original on 14 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-03. 
  2. ^ CITADIS Dualis Information Sheet
  3. ^ a b c "Aubagne orders Citadis Compact". Railway Gazette International. 7 October 2011. 
  4. ^ "Alstom launches North American light rail vehicle with Ottawa contract". Railway Gazette. 14 February 2013. Retrieved 25 July 2015. 
  5. ^ "CITADIS Dualis, Speed and smoothness from the city centre to the suburbs". Alstom. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-04-24. Retrieved 2008-05-03. 
  6. ^ Harry Hondius (2 July 2007). "Dualis extends the reach of the Citadis family". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 2007-09-09. 
  7. ^ Wansbeek, C.J. (December 2002). "Bordeaux: Fronting the French tramway revolution". Tramways & Urban Transit (Light Rail Transit Association). Retrieved 2011-03-28. 
  8. ^ "Nice Tramway, France". Railway-Technology.com. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  9. ^ http://www.railwayage.com/index.php/passenger/light-rail/alstom-finalizes-ottawa-lrt-contract.html
  10. ^ "Planejamento de Fabricação do Material Rodante" (PDF) (in Portuguese). 2013-12-19. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  11. ^ a b "Memorial Descritivo Geral do Veículo VLT" (PDF) (in Portuguese). 2014-05-26. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  12. ^ "Al Safouh tram project consortium selected". Railway Gazette International. 2008-04-29. Retrieved 2008-05-02. [dead link]
  13. ^ "Fiche technique 302". Retrieved 2013-07-11. 
  14. ^ Fiche technique 402 (French)
  15. ^ "Fiche technique Grenoble 2" (in French). Retrieved 2013-07-11. 
  16. ^ Fiche technique 401 (French)
  17. ^ Fiche technique Orléans (French)
  18. ^ "Urban rail news in brief - November 2008". Railway Gazette International. 19 November 2008. Retrieved 2011-03-28. 
  19. ^ a b "Citadis remains popular in Paris". Railway Gazette International. 28 January 2011. 
  20. ^ "Reims tramway sparkles with colour". Alstom. 2007-01-29. Retrieved 2007-09-09. [dead link]
  21. ^ "Reims, sa cathédrale, son tram..." (in French). Admirable Design. 2007-05-14. Archived from the original on 26 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-09. 
  22. ^ "Rouen orders trams to increase capacity". Railway Gazette International. 2010-01-05. Retrieved 2011-03-28. 
  23. ^ Fiche technique Strasbourg (French)
  24. ^ "Tours selects Citadis and APS". Railway Gazette International. 14 September 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-28. 
  25. ^ "Nottingham tram Phase Two contract signed". Railway Gazette International. 15 December 2011. 
  26. ^ a b c Fenton, Andrew (7 June 2009). "Six new trams for Adelaide - ex-Madrid". The Adelaide Advertiser. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  27. ^ Zed, Tom (26 March 2010). "Tram service a slow coach ride to the city". The Adelaide Advertiser. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  28. ^ Castello, Renato (24 May 2009). "European trams to bolster our City-Glenelg fleet". The Adelaide Advertiser. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  29. ^ "Low floor trams have arrived!". Yarra Trams. 17 August 2001. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  30. ^ a b c d e f "C-Class". Yarra Trams. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  31. ^ "Mulhouse Light Rail and Tram Train, France". railway-technology.com. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f "C2-Class". Yarra Trams. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  33. ^ "Tram Procurement Program". Public Transport Victoria. Archived from the original on 13 May 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 

External links[edit]