Alstom Citadis Spirit

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Alstom Citadis Spirit
OC Transpo O Train LRV 1107.jpg
An Alstom Citadis Spirit running on the Confederation Line in Ottawa
Built atHornell, New York (parts manufacturing); Ottawa, Ontario (final assembly); Brampton, Ontario (final assembly)
Family nameAlstom Citadis
Entered serviceSeptember 14, 2019
Number under construction
Capacity190–370 depending on configuration[1][2]
Car length30 m (98 ft) to
59 m (194 ft)
depending on configuration[1]
Width2,650 mm (8 ft 8 in)[2]
Height3,600 mm (11 ft 10 in)[2]
Doors4–9 per side depending on configuration[1]
Articulated sections3–5 depending on configuration[1]
Maximum speed105 km/h (65 mph)[2]
Electric system(s)750 V DC for GTA, or 1500 V DC Overhead trolley wire for Ottawa installation[2]
Current collection methodPantograph
Minimum turning radius25 metres (82 ft)[2]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge

The Alstom Citadis Spirit is a low-floor articulated light rail vehicle developed by Alstom for Ottawa's O-Train. It is marketed as part of its Alstom Citadis family which includes other models of light rail vehicles.

The Citadis Spirit is designed for both city-centre and suburban operation. Its 100% low-floor design has no interior steps or ramps. The vehicle can be used for both street-running allowing boarding from street or curb, and high-speed travel up to 105 km/h (65 mph).[2]

The first order for the Citadis Spirit came from the City of Ottawa for use on the new Confederation Line opened in September 2019. The second order came from the Government of Ontario's Metrolinx transit agency. They have placed an order to serve future light rail lines in the Greater Toronto Area.


The Citadis Spirit is constructed using four types of modules, not all of which are used on the same vehicle:[2]

Number of
per side
Cab C 1 2 No
Short centre S 1 0 Yes
Long centre L 2 1 Yes
Intermediate I 1 2 No

Promotional videos illustrate four configurations for the Citadis Spirit,[1] while the vendor brochure illustrates only three.[2] The following table combines data from the two sources:

Length Modules
per side
30 m (98 ft) C+S+C 190 4
37 m (121 ft) C+L+C 265 5
48.5 m (159 ft) C+I+L+C 340 7 As used in Ottawa but configured for 300 passengers.[1]
59 m (194 ft) C+I+L+I+C 370 9

Promotional videos suggest that a customer can purchase a shorter vehicle and extend it later by adding modules. However, as illustrated in videos, if the C+S+C version were purchased, the short-centre (S) module would need to be retired and replaced by the long-centre (L) module. The vehicle must have one centre module, either short or long, as only these carry the pantograph.[1]

Power options in addition to pantograph pickup include:[2]

  • APS technology: Power supplied from a conductor built into the ground with the same performance as with pantograph electrical pickup.
  • Batteries: On-board energy storage batteries for medium to long-range, off-wire travel.
  • Super-capacitors: On-board energy storage devices for short-distance use requiring in-station recharging.


City of Ottawa[edit]

Inside view

Alstom supplied 34 Citadis Spirit vehicles for the City of Ottawa's Confederation Line which opened on September 14, 2019. Alstom will also provide maintenance services for 30 years to Rideau Transit Group, the consortium responsible for the design, construction, financing, and maintenance of the line. The trains were built in Hornell, New York, with final assembly in Ottawa.[3][4][5] The Ottawa vehicles have 27% Canadian content.[1]

The vehicles consist of four modules: two cab modules each with two doors per side, a centre module with 1 door on each side and an intermediate module with 2 doors on each side. The total length of all four modules is 48.4 m.[6] The vehicle is configured for 300 passengers.[1]

In June 2017, it was announced that Alstom had been awarded the contract to provide vehicles for Phase 2 of the Confederation Line. The order was placed for 38 additional Citadis Spirit vehicles, bringing the total amount of Spirit vehicles on Confederation line to 72.[7]

By early October 2019, the automated doors experienced issues with jamming if pushed or held back by passengers; this resulted in service disruptions of up to 90 minutes. Also, if the on-board computer for a train in service needed to be rebooted, a delay of 20–30 minutes would ensue.[8]


Metrolinx, a provincial transit agency within the province of Ontario, has placed an order for 61 Citadis Spirit vehicles to serve future light rail lines in the Greater Toronto Area. Metrolinx intends to assign 17 vehicles from the order to serve the planned Finch West LRT in Toronto while the remaining 44 vehicles will go to the planned Hurontario LRT in Mississauga, if they are not needed for Line 5 Eglinton, a light rail line under construction in Toronto.[9][10][11] To fill the Metrolinx order, Alstom plans to set up a plant in Brampton, Ontario, that will create 100 to 120 full-time direct jobs.[12]

The Metrolinx website described the passenger capacity of the vehicle ordered as 120 seated and 216 standing. The vehicle will have space for wheelchairs, strollers and (outside of peak hours) bicycles.[13] A May 2017 Toronto Star article reported the capacity of the 48.4-metre vehicle as 292 passengers.[9] The vendor brochure gives a maximum capacity of 340 passengers for that length of vehicle.[2] The Citadis vehicle is 50% larger and carries 1.8 times more passengers than the Flexity Freedom. A Citadis vehicle costs C$8.7 million versus $5.2 million per vehicle for a Flexity Freedom, as per current Metrolinx orders.[9][14] The Citadis' maximum speed is also higher at 105 km/h versus 80 km/h for the Flexity Freedom.

Metrolinx placed the Citadis Spirit order mainly because it was concerned that Bombardier might not be able deliver an order of Flexity Freedom vehicles in time to open Line 5 Eglinton in 2021. If Bombardier failed to deliver, Metrolinx would be liable for heavy penalties of $500,000 per day payable to the consortium building that line. Thus, the Citadis Spirit order acts as insurance in case Bombardier fails to complete the Flexity Freedom order on time. If Bombardier is late, then the 44 vehicles for the Hurontario LRT could completely service Line 5 Eglinton.[9][12][10]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Coming Soon to Ottawa - Alstom's Citadis Spirit". OCTranspo. April 30, 2017. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Citadis Spirit Brochure" (PDF). Alstom. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 26, 2017. Retrieved December 28, 2017.
  3. ^ Vantuono, William C. (February 14, 2013). "Alstom finalizes Ottawa LRT contract". Railway Age. Archived from the original on September 24, 2017. Retrieved December 28, 2017.
  4. ^ "Alstom fournira 34 tram-trains pour la ville d'Ottawa" [Alstom to supply 34 tram-trains for the City of Ottawa] (in French). Web trains magazine. February 22, 2013. Archived from the original on April 14, 2016. Retrieved May 15, 2017. Alstom a finalisé un contrat avec Rideau Transit Group (RTG) pour la fourniture de 34 tram-trains destinés à la ville d'Ottawa (Canada) et pour leur maintenance pendant une durée de 30 ans. Le Citadis Dualis, rebaptisé Citadis Spirit, s'exporte ainsi en Amérique du Nord.
  5. ^ "See? LRT is real". Ottawa Sun. January 29, 2015. Archived from the original on July 2, 2015. Retrieved May 14, 2017. The model was transported to Ottawa from the U.S. but the real LRT vehicles will be assembled at a new maintenance facility on Belfast Rd.
  6. ^ "Recommended LRT station names". Transit Ottawa. August 15, 2013. Archived from the original on December 29, 2017. Retrieved December 28, 2017. See photo in article.
  7. ^ "Alstom to supply 38 Citadis Spirit Light Rail Vehicles for Stage 2 of Ottawa's O-Train Confederation Line". Alstom. June 22, 2017. Archived from the original on September 9, 2018. Retrieved January 21, 2018.
  8. ^ Spurr, Ben (October 12, 2019). "Metrolinx not concerned about Ottawa LRT issues, despite having order in for the same vehicles". Toronto Star. Retrieved October 12, 2019.
  9. ^ a b c d Ben Spurr (May 13, 2017). "How do TTC's streetcar options compare? It's Bombardier versus Alstom". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
  10. ^ a b "Metrolinx statement on Alstom/Bombardier". Metrolinx. May 12, 2017. Retrieved December 28, 2017.
  11. ^ Divyesh Mistry (December 1, 2017). "This Is What the LRT Cars Coming to Shoppers World Will Look Like". Bramptonist. Archived from the original on December 4, 2017. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
  12. ^ a b Moore, Oliver (December 21, 2017). "Metrolinx slashes $770-million deal with Bombardier". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on September 20, 2018. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  13. ^ "Meet Your New Ride - The Alstom Citidis Spirit Light Rail Vehicle". Metrolinx. Archived from the original on July 1, 2018. Retrieved December 31, 2017.
  14. ^ Spurr, Ben (December 21, 2017). "Metrolinx cuts Bombardier vehicle order by more than half". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on July 7, 2018. Retrieved December 24, 2017.

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