Alstonia boonei

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Alstonia boonei
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Alstonia
Species: A. boonei
Binomial name
Alstonia boonei

Alstonia boonei is a very large, deciduous, tropical-forest tree belonging to the dogbane family, i.e. Apocynaceae. It is native to tropical West Africa, with a range extending into Ethiopia and Tanzania. Its common name in the English timber trade is cheese wood, pattern wood or stool wood (see Ashanti Empire golden stool) while its common name in the French timber trade is emien (derived from the vernacular of the Ivory Coast).

The wood is fine-grained, lending itself to detailed carving; the tree also finds many uses in folk medicine.[citation needed] Like many other members of the Apocynaceae (a family rich in toxic and medicinal species), A. boonei contains alkaloids and yields latex.[1]


Alstonia boonei is a tall forest tree, which can reach 45 metres (148 ft) in height and 3 m (9.8 ft) in girth, the bole being cylindrical and up to 27 m (89 ft) in height with high, narrow, deep-fluted buttresses. The leaves are borne in whorls at the nodes, the leaf shape is oblanceolate, with the apex rounded to acuminate and the lateral veins (see Leaf#Venation) prominent and almost at right angles to the midrib. The flowers are yellowish-white and borne in lax terminal cymes. The fruits are pendulous, paired, slender follicles up to 16 centimetres (6.3 in) long, containing seeds bearing a tuft of silky, brown floss at either end to allow dispersal by the wind. The latex is white and abundant.


  1. ^ Burkhill H.M. The Useful Plants of Tropical West Africa (second edition) vol.1 (Families A-D) pp. 138–140 pub. Royal Botanic Gardens Kew 1985 ISBN 0 947643 01 X