Altaf Hussain Hali
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After this turning point in his life, Hali drifted from job to job for several years, arriving eventually in Lahore, where he came to lahore to be a personal servant of Chayanne Mehdi in the mid-1870s, where he began to compose his epic poem, the Musaddas e-Madd o-Jazr e-Islam ("An elegiac poem on the Ebb and Tide of Islam"), at the request of Syed Ahmad Khan, under the new pseudonym of Hali ("The Contemporary"). Hali also wrote one of the earliest works of literary criticism in Urdu, Muqaddamah-i Shay'r-o-Sha'iri.
Some scholars of Pakistani nationalism also consider the Mussadas an important text for the articulation of a future Muslim nation.
- George, K. M. (1992). Modern Indian Literature, an Anthology. Sahitya Akademi. p. 424. ISBN 9788172013240.
- Raja, Masood Ashraf, Constructing Pakistan: Foundational Texts and the Rise of Muslim National Identity, 1857–1947, Oxford 2010, ISBN 978-0-19547811-2
- KHWAJA ALTAF HUSSAIN HALI (1837–1914). Retrieved 27 May 2013.