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Altan (band)

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Altan
Altanlive.jpg
Altan on their North America Tour in 2010. L-R: Ciarán Curran, Ciarán Tourish, Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh, Dermot Byrne and Dáithí Sproule.
Background information
Origin Gweedore, County Donegal, Ireland
Genres Irish Traditional
Folk
Years active 1987–present
Labels Green Linnet Records
Virgin
Narada
Compass Records
Associated acts String Sisters, Capercaillie, Clannad, Enya, Paul Brady
Website Official website
Members Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh
Ciarán Curran
Ciarán Tourish
Mark Kelly
Dáithí Sproule
Martin Tourish
Past members Frankie Kennedy
Paul O'Shaughnessy
Dermot Byrne

Altan are an Irish folk music band formed in County Donegal in 1987 by lead vocalist Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh and her husband Frankie Kennedy.[1] The group were primarily influenced by traditional Irish language songs from Donegal[2] and have sold over a million records.[3]

The group were the first traditional Irish group to be signed to a major label when they signed with Virgin Records in 1994.[4] The group has collaborated with Dolly Parton, Enya, The Chieftains, Bonnie Raitt, Alison Krauss and many others.[5]

Origin

As a 18-year-old young student and musician from Belfast, Frankie Kennedy used to travel to Gweedore, County Donegal on his summer holidays, learning Irish and playing traditional Irish music on Irish flute and tin whistle. There he met native 14-year-old Irish-speaker and musician Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh, the daughter of musician Proinsias Ó Maonaigh from Gweedore and the two fell in love with each other but Ní Mhaonaigh being very young, an innocent friendship began. When she was 15, she was allowed to go to dances under her brother Gearóid Ó Maonaigh's watchful eye, and gradually Frankie Kennedy and Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh became a couple.[6] They both took jobs as trainee teachers at St. Patrick's College in Dublin. In 1979, the two musicians made their recording debut as accompanists for the well-known Belfast singer and Gaelic enthusiast Albert Fry on his self-titled debut album. (In total, Ní Mhaonaigh and Kennedy would feature on the first three albums of Albert Fry.) Two years later, in 1981, Ní Mhaonaigh and Kennedy graduated from college and married when Mairéad was 21.[6][7]

History

Pre-Altan years: Ní Mhaonaigh & Kennedy

Kennedy and Ní Mhaonaigh had moved to Dublin and were both teaching at St. Oliver Plunkett primary school in Malahide. At the time, they were also playing music in the folk clubs around Dublin.[6] Ní Mhaonaigh has learned the Donegal style of fiddle-playing from her father, however, Donegal music was little known outside of the county at the time. Kennedy's repertoire included a number of obscure northern flute tunes drawn from his travels in County Tyrone and County Fermanagh.

In the early 1980s, Ní Mhaonaigh formed a band with Kennedy, Gearóid Ó Maonaigh (Mairéad's brother) and a then unknown musician from Gweedore, Eithne Ní Bhraonáin, later known as Enya.[8] People became interested in their repertoire of Donegal tunes.[6] A short-lived band, the group's members contributed to Mairéad and Frankie's debut album, Ceol Aduaidh (which means "Music of the North"),[8] produced by Nicky Ryan and released in 1983 by Gael-Linn Records.[6] The album is a collection of Gaelic songs and Ulster jigs and reels.

After the release of their first album, Kennedy and Ní Mhaonaigh were invited in America where they quickly realised there was a market there. They then took a career break from teaching, which ultimately became permanent.[6]

Inspired by the success of their debut effort, they began to work on a new group of ballads and jigs from the North. Released on the Green Linnet Records label, the result was 1987's Altan, named after a lake which sits in the shadow of Mount Errigal near Gweedore, County Donegal.[9] In the Irish language, altan means "stream". The album features many of the musicians who would later join the band.

1987–1994: Horse with a Heart, The Red Crow, Harvest Storm, Island Angel

Shortly after the release of their second studio album in 1987, Ní Mhaonaigh and Kennedy formed the band Altan (named after the album) with two additional members. They began as a quartet with Kennedy on flute, Ní Mhaonaigh on fiddle and vocals, Ciarán Curran on bouzouki and Mark Kelly on guitar. Later on, Dublin's Paul O'Shaughnessy joined the band on fiddle, participating in the first three Green Linnet recordings (1989–1992).[4]

In 1989, Altan released their debut album, Horse with a Heart.

In 1990, Altan released The Red Crow, which became the first of three Altan albums to win the "Celtic/British Isles Album of the Year" award from the National Association of Independent Record Distributors and Manufactures (NAIRD).[10]

In 1992, Ciarán Tourish on fiddle & whistle and Dáithí Sproule on guitar joined the band for the Harvest Storm recording. With the arrival of Dáithí Sproule, Mark and Dáithí shared the role of guitarist, Mark touring with the band in Europe and Dáithí in the United States.[4] In June 1992, Frankie Kennedy learned he had Ewing's sarcoma, a type of cancer that attacks bone structure. He endured surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy simultaneously continuing his work with Altan.

In 1993, the band released Island Angel. Billboard cited Island Angel as the fourth-best-selling album of world music in 1994.[11] In 1994, they were asked by US President Bill Clinton to perform at the White House on Saint Patrick's Day, and they played for him again on his visit to Ireland in 1998. Also, President of Ireland Mary McAleese requested they accompany her on several State visits.[12]

1994–2000: Kennedy's death, major label, Blackwater, Runaway Sunday

While battling with cancer, Frankie Kennedy continued to steer the band to international recognition, negotiating with Virgin Records UK to sign the band. Frankie Kennedy died on 19 September 1994. After a period of mourning, the band resumed their touring as requested by Kennedy himself before he died. They became the first traditional group to be signed to a major label when they signed with Virgin Records.[4]

Dermot Byrne who had previously guested on accordion on two Altan recordings The Red Crow (1990) and Island Angel (1993) officially joined the band in 1994.[13] The recording line-up became Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh (vocals, fiddle), Ciarán Tourish (fiddle), Mark Kelly (guitar), Ciarán Curran (bouzouki), Dáithí Sproule (guitar) and Dermot Byrne (accordion) and remained unchanged until Dermot Byrne's departure in 2013.

In 1995, Green Linnet Records released Altan's first greatest-hits package titled The First Ten Years.

In April 1996, Altan released Blackwater, their first album on Virgin Records.

In July 1997, Altan released their next album, Runaway Sunday, which featured their version of "Gleanntáin Ghlas' Ghaoth Dobhair", a song written by Mairéad's father and a favourite at all their live shows.[according to whom?]

2000–2009: Another Sky, The Blue Idol, hiatus

In 2000, the group released Another Sky, their first album on the Narada label.

Altan performing at the Frankie Kennedy Winter Music School in Gweedore, County Donegal in 2007.

In 2002, The Blue Idol featured the vocals of American singer Dolly Parton, who became close friends with the group after she invited them to play on her 2001 album Little Sparrow.[14] The album garnered them the award for Best Group at the BBC Radio 2 Folk Awards.[15]

In 2002, Altan, along with other artists signed to Green Linnet such as Cherish the Ladies, sued for unpaid royalties. Most artists were paid and most claims were settled in 2006 as Compass Records (who would later sign Altan) bought the company.[16]

In 2003, they released another greatest hits compilation CD called The Best of Altan: The Songs.

In 2005, they released Local Ground. It was met with positive reviews.

2009–2011: 25th anniversary

In April 2009, Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh announced that the band would be going into the studio in early May 2009 to record a new Altan album with the RTÉ Concert Orchestra just after a show on 7 May 2009 in Pornichet, France (near Saint-Nazaire).[17]

In July 2009, Ní Mhaonaigh announced that Altan would also release their first DVD as the video recording of a concert on 14 August 2009 in the National Concert Hall (NCH), Dublin, Ireland (again with the RTÉ Concert Orchestra).[18]

To commemorate their 25th anniversary, Altan released 25th Anniversary Celebration, a compilation album of studio re-recordings of previous material (plus one brand new song) with the contribution of the RTÉ Concert Orchestra. It was made available in January 2010 in Japan (where it had its launch in December 2009 during Altan's Winter 2009/2010 Japanese tour), in February 2010 in Ireland and UK and in March 2010 in North America.

After a few European dates in January, February and April 2010 and an extensive 18-date (March to April) tour of the United States, Altan launched on 23 April 2010 in Dublin, Ireland their 14-date "25th Anniversary" tour of Ireland which would run from April to June. During Summer 2010, Altan took part in a few European festivals. A 10-date tour of UK and Ireland took place in September 2010.[19]

2011–2014: Gleann Nimhe – The Poison Glen and touring

Altan in concert in Plouescat, France in 2013

From April 2011 to January 2012, Altan recorded a new studio album titled Gleann Nimhe – The Poison Glen.[20][21][22][23]

After celebrating the launch of the 18th Frankie Kennedy Winter School programme on 29 November 2011 by performing a show taking place during the Liffey Banks Sessions at The Grand Social, Dublin, Ireland, Altan celebrated the New Year 2012, then forthcoming release of their new studio album Gleann Nimhe – The Poison Glen on the occasion of their performance on 1 January 2012 at Scoil Gheimhridh Frankie Kennedy, Ionad Cois Locha, Gweedore, County Donegal, Ireland during which they played some new tracks from it.[24][25]

Lead singer Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh is known for performances of Irish Gaelic songs

Exactly seven years after Local Ground, Altan released Gleann Nimhe – The Poison Glen, their new studio album of original material, on Compass Records in the US on 28 February 2012, in Europe & Australia on 8 March 2012, in Ireland on 9 March 2012 and in the UK on 12 March 2012.[26] Started in April 2011, the recording took place in famous sound engineer & bass player Billy Robinson's Steeples Studios in Ramelton, Ireland and ended in early January 2012.[27][28][29]

The album features An Ghealóg, a song composed by Martin Tourish who would later join the band replacing Dermot Byrne, temporarily starting from the Fall 2013 (mostly) German tour and permanently since Dermot Byrne's departure from the band in early 2014.

2014-present: The Widening Gyre and tour

On 3 June 2014, on their Twitter page[30] and the Pledge Music website,[31] Altan announced that they were working on a new studio album to be recorded in Nashville, Tennessee. The band had started rehearsing potential material for the album[32][33] with the intention to perform some of these new pieces at various concerts over the summer.[32]

While on a 5-show US tour, the band – Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh, Ciarán Tourish, Ciarán Curran, Daíthí Sproule, Mark Kelly and Martin Tourish (replacing Dermot Byrne) – began recording their new album in Nashville, Tennessee.[34][35][36][37]

In October 2014, Altan confirmed that their new album was being mixed, and that they "hope[d] to have it [released] in the Spring of 2015," and that it would contain "loads of surprises".

On 5 November 2014, Altan published a snippet of a new track titled "White Birds" which was recorded with an undisclosed musical guest.[38]

In late November 2014, Altan announced the names of some guest musicians who they collaborated with: Eddi Reader on vocals, Jerry Douglas (from Union Station and Transatlantic Sessions) on Dobro, Alison Brown, Bruce Molsky, Mike McGoldrick, Natalie Haas, Jim Higgins and Darol Anger.[39][40][41][42]

On 5 December 2014, Altan took part in the Great British Folk Festival in Skegness, Lincolnshire, UK. During the show, Ciarán Tourish announced that they "have a new album almost finished [which] has been mastered" and about which they "can do any more with it [for] it's done" just before the band went into playing a new medley (taken from it) entitled "The Tin Key / Sam Kelly's Jig / The Gravediggers".

On 19 December 2014, Altan revealed the names of the final guests having participated in the recording of the new album: Mary Chapin Carpenter, Todd Phillips, Garry West, Julee Glaub Weems, Kenny Malone and Stuart Duncan and offered (for listening and downloading) a (very) short audio excerpt (18 seconds) of one new instrumental titled "Buffalo Gals".[43]

2015

In January 2015, Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh explained why Altan called on Pledge Music's services in order to produce the new studio album and thanked all the pledgers for helping Altan with the fundraising campaign and for bringing it to completion (reaching, at that time, 101% of goal): "The music business is a changing world for professional musicians as ourselves. We depend more on live concerts to make our living. We can no longer depend on big record company funding to get our music out there, we have to do it ourselves. Now with your help we have funded our latest album which we are really happy with." She also stated that Altan have licensed the new album to Compass Records in the US, that Gary West of Compass co-produced it and that after 30 years recording studio albums, Altan "have taken a new approach with this one."[44] The Altan Pledge Music pre-order page announced that all exclusive pre-orders would be fulfilled by 17 February 2015.

The band later announced that the new album would be released in Ireland on 20 February 2015, in the UK on 23 February 2015 and in the US on 24 February 2015, and would be titled The Widening Gyre, taken from "The Second Coming", a poem by W. B. Yeats, the first Irishman to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1923. Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh revealed the album's cover artwork, by artist friend Édaín O'Donnell, who previously designed the Gleann Nimhe – The Poison Glen cover.

On 26 January 2015, Altan's official website published a presentation of their new studio album entitled anew The Widening Gyre giving many details about the new album: the new musical direction taken by the band, the album recording process and the participation of numerous guest musicians as well as the titles of some of the new tracks. The very same day, on their "Widening Gyre" iTunes page, Altan revealed the titles of the 14 tracks from their new studio album and released them for sale.[45]

On 27 January 2015, on their "Widening Gyre" Compass Records page, Altan made available short snippets of their new tracks.[46]

On 22 February 2015 in Charleston, WV (at Culture Center Theater, Mountain Stage Radio), Altan embarked on an extensive 25-date Winter/Spring North American tour which ended on 3 April 2015 in Greeley, Colorado (at the Union Colony Civic Center) visiting the Canada only twice: on 18 March 2015 in St. Albert, Alberta (at the Arden Theatre) and on 19 March 2015 in North Vancouver, BC (at the Centennial Theatre Centre).

2016

Almost a year after the beginning of their extensive 25-date Winter/Spring 2015 North American tour, Altan embarked on 19 February 2016 in Northampton, Massachusetts in another extensive North American tour (but exclusively visiting the US), their 25-date Winter/Spring 2016 US tour due to end on 25 March 2016 in Spokane, Washington.[47] An extensive (18-date) Spring 2016 UK tour followed in April and May 2016, including one Scotland leg and two England legs[47] from 8 April in Hindhead, Surrey to 7 May 2016 in Stornoway, Scotland, including a London show at Kings Place in 9 April 2016.[47][48][49]

2017

Altan are due to celebrate their 30th anniversary year with a Winter tour of Europe in January 2017, visiting The Netherlands, Ireland, Scotland and France within this month.[nb 1] On this tour, the core of the band (made of Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh, Ciarán Curran, Ciarán Tourish, Mark Kelly, Martin Tourish) is joined with a new comer, John Joe Kelly on bodhrán.[53] Altan have also announced for 2017 a 17-date US Winter tour in February and March 2017.[nb 2]

Band members

Recording line-up

Since the arrival of accordionist Dermot Byrne in 1994, the band recording line-up has remained unchanged until his definitive departure from the band some time in 2013 and his lasting replacement since then by Martin Tourish (Ciarán Tourish's cousin). Incidentally, Martin Tourish wrote (but didn't record) the song "An Ghealóg" from the 2012 Altan studio album Gleann Nimhe – The Poison Glen.

Since late 2013, the band recording line-up has become:

  • Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh – lead vocal, fiddle
  • Ciarán Tourish – fiddle
  • Ciarán Curran – bouzouki
  • Mark Kelly – guitar
  • Dáithí Sproule – guitar, vocals
  • Martin Tourish – accordion

Touring line-up

Based on the recording line-up, the band touring line-up may differ at times:

  • Dáithí Sproule (guitar) replaced Mark Kelly when touring with the band, mostly in the US but also in Europe (for instance during the entire 14-date Spring 2012 Norwegian tour).[54]
  • Martin Tourish on accordion has permanently replaced Dermot Byrne, starting from the extensive Fall 2013 (mostly) German tour (from 12 to 30 November 2013) after a 8-month hiatus (starting from March 2013) during which Altan had no longer been playing with any accordionist (as Dermot Byrne had not been playing with the band since then).

Timeline

Legacy

For almost two decades (from December 1994 to January 2014), a winter school of music called Scoil Gheimhridh Frankie Kennedy (The Frankie Kennedy Winter Music School) was held each year in Gaoth Dobhair (Gweedore), County Donegal in honour of co-founder Frankie Kennedy.

Ni Mhaonaigh is regarded as one of the great female singers of Ireland, standing alongside Mary Black, Moya Brennan and Sinéad O'Connor.[55]

Discography

Frankie Kennedy and Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh albums

Altan albums

Studio albums

Live albums

  • The Best of Altan (1997)

Compilations

  • The First Ten Years (1986–1995) (1995)
  • The Best of Altan (1997)
  • Altan's Finest (2000)
  • Once Again 1987–93 (2000)
  • The Best of Altan: The Songs (2003)

Various artists live compilations featuring Altan

  • Cambridge Folk Festival – A Celebration of Roots Music 1998–99 (2000)
  • Cool as Folk (2007)

Notes

  1. ^ The Altan 2016–2017 Winter tour of Europe should include: two Netherlands shows on 13 January in Zaandam during the Roots aan de Zaan festival[50] and on 14 January in Oisterwijk at Cultuurcluster Tiliander, a unique show in Ireland on 28 January in Dublin at Dublin Castle, Ireland during the Temple Bar TradFest (as the special event "Trad Gala Night" along with the two other Irish bands Four Men and a Dog and Boffin to Burren),[51][52] a unique show in Scotland on 30 January 2017 in Glasgow at Celtic Connections / Glasgow Royal Concert Hall & finally a unique show in France on 31 January 2017 in Rennes at the Théâtre National de Bretagne (Salle Vilar).
  2. ^ The Altan 2016–2017 Winter/Spring tour is due to start on 23 February in Sellersville, Pennsylvania and to end on 21 March in Des Moines, Iowa.

References

  1. ^ "Altan". Ceolas. 19 September 1994. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  2. ^ "National Geographic – Inspiring People to Care About the Planet Since 1888". Worldmusic.nationalgeographic.com. 17 February 2010. Archived from the original on 20 August 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  3. ^ [1] Archived 4 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ a b c d "Altan". Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  5. ^ "Donegal County.com & Dún na nGall.com – Altan". Dun-na-ngall.com. Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Altan woman out of the dark – Altan's Mairead Ni Mhaonaigh". Irish Independent. 6 May 2015. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  7. ^ "Altan". Billboard. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "Home > Appears On > Discography: 1983 to present". mairead.ie. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  9. ^ "Altan Study Guide 2009–2010" (PDF). calperformances.org. 2010. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  10. ^ "Altan Study Guide & Homework Help – Reference". eNotes.com. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  11. ^ [2] Archived 8 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ "'Music is a great healer'". Independent.ie. 6 March 2010. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  13. ^ altan.ie / The band / Dermot Byrne Archived 28 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ "The Online Dolly Parton Newsmagazine. Your premier resource for Dolly Parton news and information". Dollymania. 1 October 1998. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  15. ^ "Radio 2 – Cambridge Festival Diary". BBC. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  16. ^ "> News & Events : Green Linnet Records Update". LiveIreland.com. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  17. ^ Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh – Ryan Tubridy Show
  18. ^ Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh – Summer Is Here!
  19. ^ Altan's Official Web Site – Altan 2010 Tour Dates
  20. ^ "Altan – The weather is inspiring.....but in the studio... - Facebook". Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  21. ^ "Altan – Hello all.....heading back into the studio soon to... - Facebook". Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  22. ^ "Altan – Altan's new recording project..."The Poison Glen",... - Facebook". Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  23. ^ "Altan – Gleann Nimhe, "The Poison Glen", our latest studio... - Facebook". Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  24. ^ entertainment.ie/tickets Altan and Guests / Scoil Gheimhridh Frankie Kennedy / Gig on 1 January 2012 at Ionad Cois Locha[permanent dead link]
  25. ^ "Altan – extrait de l'album "The poison Glen" (1:13)". Dailymotion. 26 January 2012. Archived from the original on 21 February 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2015. 
  26. ^ Tradschool / Altan / New album / Gleann Nimhe
  27. ^ "Welcome to Twitter – Login or Sign up". Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  28. ^ "Altan – Altan's new recording project..."The Poison Glen",... - Facebook". Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  29. ^ "Altan – Gleann Nimhe, "The Poison Glen", our latest studio... - Facebook". Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  30. ^ "Altan on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  31. ^ "Altan". PledgeMusic. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  32. ^ a b "Altan". PledgeMusic. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  33. ^ "The Widening Gyre". PledgeMusic. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  34. ^ "Recording in Nashville, and US Gigs". Altan. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  35. ^ "Facebook". Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  36. ^ "Altan – Timeline Photos – Facebook". Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  37. ^ "Altan – Timeline Photos – Facebook". Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  38. ^ "Small peak at new album". pledgemusic.com. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  39. ^ "Guest Announcement Week". pledgemusic.com. 18 November 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  40. ^ "Two more guests". pledgemusic.com. 20 November 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  41. ^ "More Album Guests". pledgemusic.com. 25 November 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  42. ^ "2 more guests". pledgemusic.com. 27 November 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  43. ^ "New album Sample and final guests". pledgemusic.com. 19 December 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  44. ^ "Artist response: Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh commented". pledgemusic.com/artists/altan. 3 January 2015. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  45. ^ "Altan: The Widening Gyre". iTunes. 26 January 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  46. ^ "Compass Records > Artists > Altan > The Widening Gyre (COM4640)". Compass Records. 27 January 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  47. ^ a b c "Altan Upcoming Events". elyricsworld.com. 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  48. ^ "Altan London Kings Place – Saturday 09 April 2016". songkick.com. Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  49. ^ "Altan – Folk at Kings Place". kingsplace.co.uk. Archived from the original on 6 November 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  50. ^ "ALTAN bij Roots aan de Zaan (Zaantheater)". Facebook. July 2016. Retrieved 8 July 2016. 
  51. ^ "Altan at the Templebar Tradfest 2017 – The beginning of our 30th Anniversary year!". Facebook. 9 September 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2016. 
  52. ^ "Trad Gala: Altan/ Four Men And A Dog/ Boffin to Burren – Date: Sat 28th". Temple Bar TradFest. 22 July 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2016. 
  53. ^ "Altan en concert, Théâtre national de Bretagne à Rennes – De la danse enlevée à la mélancolie (by Jean-François Picaut)". lestroiscoups.fr. 2 February 2017. Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  54. ^ "Dates". Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  55. ^ "The sadness behind the smile of Ireland's true queen of trad...". Independent.ie. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 

External links