4,038 (Civil Ward, 2001)|
1,033 (2011 Census including Bowithick)
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Police||Devon and Cornwall|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
The parish of Altarnun includes the village of Fivelanes and the hamlets of Bolventor, Treween and Trewint, and had a population of 976 according to the 2001 census. This increased to 1,084 according to the 2011 census. Other hamlets in the parish are Bowithick, Palmersbridge, South Carne, Tolborough, Lower Tregunnon, and Tredaule. The area of the parish is 15,018 acres (60.78 km2), the largest in Cornwall. By the time of the 2011 census the figures for the ward of Altarnun were provided. This ward contained 48 locations in the area and gave a population of 4,038.
The moorland area of the parish is large and lies west of the village towards Rough Tor and southwards towards Dozmary Pool. There is a large conifer plantation at Wilsey Down Forest (Halvana Plantation). The village is in the valley of the Penpont Water and the parish is divided by the A30 trunk road which passes through Fivelanes which was once an important stopping place for stage coaches.
A Norman church was built in Altarnun in the 12th century, but the present church was built in the 15th century from unquarried stone (moorstone) from Bodmin Moor. The church is dedicated to St Nonna, mother of St David. A Celtic cross from the time of St Nonna is located by the church gate. This cross consists of a cross head resting on a stone base. Another cross is located at Two-gates by the road about half a mile (0.8 km) north of the church; it is locally known as "Short Cross" and is probably a fragment of what was once a taller stone.
As the largest parish church on Bodmin Moor, the Church of St Nonna is known as the Cathedral of the Moor. It was built largely in the 15th century in the Perpendicular style, with its bell tower standing 109 ft (33 m) high. It is notable for a fine Norman font and old woodwork, including the screen, bench-ends and communion rails which date to 1684. The screen is one of the finest 15th century examples in Cornwall; it has three gates and the cornice of vines and tracery and vaulting are finely carved.
John Wesley often visited Trewint, lodging in Digory Isbell's home which is now a museum of Wesley and Methodism. (The former Wesleyan chapel of Altarnun has the head of Wesley carved over the doorway by Neville Northey Burnard. This was done when Burnard was aged sixteen years and lived next door.)
Language and culture
Altarnun features in the novel Jamaica Inn by Daphne du Maurier set in the parish's former coaching house by the same name. The village was also the birthplace of sculptor Neville Northey Burnard (1818–1878). It was surveyed for the Survey of English Dialects.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
- Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 201 Plymouth & Launceston ISBN 978-0-319-23146-3
- "Altarnun". Retrieved 22 June 2009.
- "Parish population census 201l". Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- Cornwall; Explore Britain
- Kneebone, W. A. (1963) Altarnon Church
- "2011 statistics for ward of Altarnun". Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- The parish of Altarnun
- Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish Crosses. Truro: Joseph Pollard; pp. 42-43
- Langdon (1896), p. 43
- Mee, Arthur (1937) Cornwall. London: Hodder & Stoughton; pp. 19-20
- Pearce, John (ed.) (1964) The Wesleys in Cornwall: extracts from the Journals of John and Charles Wesley and John Nelson. Truro: D. Bradford Barton; pp. 65-67
- "John Wesley at Altarnun". Archived from the original on 8 June 2009. Retrieved 22 June 2009.
- Shaw, Thomas (1960) Trewint in its Historical Setting
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