Altay City

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Altay
阿勒泰市
ئالتاي شەھىرى
County-level city
Skyline of Altay
Location of Altay
Altay is located in Xinjiang
Altay
Altay
Location in Xinjiang
Coordinates: 47°52′N 88°07′E / 47.867°N 88.117°E / 47.867; 88.117Coordinates: 47°52′N 88°07′E / 47.867°N 88.117°E / 47.867; 88.117
CountryPeople's Republic of China
RegionXinjiang
PrefectureAltay
Area
 • County-level city11,400 km2 (4,400 sq mi)
Elevation887 m (2,910 ft)
Population (2016)[1]
 • County-level city199,037
 • Density17/km2 (45/sq mi)
 • Urban (2016)[1]114,995
 • Rural (2016)[1]83,945
 • Major ethnic groups (2016)[1]Han - 51.56%
Kazakhs - 40.29%
Hui - 3.31%
Uyghurs - 2.45%
Mongols - 1.41%
Others - 1.08%
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code836500
Area code(s)0906
GDP (Nominal)2016[1]
 - Total¥6.483 billion
$1.007 billion
 - per capita¥32.574
$5.060
WebsiteAltay City Government Website
Altay City
Chinese name
Chinese阿勒泰
Alternative Chinese name
Chinese承化
Uyghur name
Uyghur
ئالتاي
Kazakh name
Kazakhالتاي
Altaı
Алтай

Altay is a county-level city in Altay Prefecture within Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture, in far northern Xinjiang, China. The city centre is located on the slopes of Kelan River.

Transport[edit]

From Ürümqi (capital of Xinjiang Province) to Altay, it takes about one hour by plane, 9 hours by day bus, 12 hours by night bus and about 14 hours by train (towards Beitun City).

Culture[edit]

Like other cities in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, there are many minorities in Altay, in particular Uyghurs and Kazakhs.

Education[edit]

In schools, students are taught mainly in Chinese (Mandarin) and there are courses for Uyghur and Kazakh languages.

Tourism[edit]

The most important tourist site is Kanas Lake where there is a legend of a large creature.

Economy[edit]

People[edit]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Altay has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), without the strong monsoonal influence on seasonal precipitation patterns that defines the climate across much of China and an annual precipitation total of only 191 millimetres (7.5 in). Winters are long, bitterly cold and dry, with a January 24-hour average of −15.5 °C (4.1 °F); however, the presence of the Altay Mountains to the north helps moderate the severity of winter cold as compared to locations further to the east. Spring and autumn are short but mild. Summers are very warm, but dry, with a July 24-hour average of 21.8 °C (71.2 °F). The annual mean is 4.53 °C (40.2 °F). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 50% in December to 74% in August and September, sunshine is abundant and the city receives 2,993 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Altay City (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −9.4
(15.1)
−6.8
(19.8)
0.0
(32)
14.0
(57.2)
21.7
(71.1)
26.5
(79.7)
28.2
(82.8)
26.8
(80.2)
21.1
(70)
12.1
(53.8)
0.8
(33.4)
−6.9
(19.6)
10.7
(51.2)
Average low °C (°F) −21
(−6)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−11.3
(11.7)
2.2
(36)
8.7
(47.7)
13.3
(55.9)
15.1
(59.2)
13.4
(56.1)
7.9
(46.2)
1.0
(33.8)
−9.1
(15.6)
−17.5
(0.5)
−1.4
(29.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12.5
(0.492)
9.1
(0.358)
8.7
(0.343)
13.1
(0.516)
16.6
(0.654)
15.7
(0.618)
25.8
(1.016)
16.1
(0.634)
15.6
(0.614)
15.0
(0.591)
22.3
(0.878)
20.8
(0.819)
191.3
(7.533)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.4 6.7 5.8 5.8 6.6 6.8 7.9 6.5 6.0 5.9 8.5 9.9 83.8
Average relative humidity (%) 74 73 71 48 43 48 52 49 49 54 68 75 59
Mean monthly sunshine hours 163.6 182.4 247.7 281.9 325.4 338.2 343.5 326.6 278.6 220.8 153.5 131.1 2,993.3
Percent possible sunshine 60 64 68 69 70 71 71 74 74 66 55 50 68
Source: China Meteorological Administration[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "2016 Altay City National Economic and Social Development Statistical Communique". Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  2. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年) (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2010-05-23.

External links[edit]