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The coalition grew from Social Action, which was founded by Benito Mussolini's granddaughter Alessandra Mussolini after she left the National Alliance due to their attempts to move away from the party's fascist past.
Mussolini united her group with the Social Action for the 2004 European Parliament election, gaining one seat in the European Parliament. The group was committed to a strong Italian nationalism that celebrated and glorified its past, and has been particularly critical of Gianfranco Fini's modernisation of the right.
In the 2006 Italian general elections the coalition was a member of the defeated House of Freedoms and won no seats. The alliance was disbanded in late 2006 and replaced by a new pact between Social Action, New Force, the Social Idea Movement and the National Volunteers.