Altillac

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Altillac
View across the river from Altillac
View across the river from Altillac
Coat of arms of Altillac
Coat of arms
Altillac is located in France
Altillac
Altillac
Coordinates: 44°58′40″N 1°50′48″E / 44.9778°N 1.8467°E / 44.9778; 1.8467Coordinates: 44°58′40″N 1°50′48″E / 44.9778°N 1.8467°E / 44.9778; 1.8467
Country France
Region Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes
Department Corrèze
Arrondissement Ussel
Canton Mercœur
Intercommunality Canton de Mercœur
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2020) Robert Vialard
Area1 25.23 km2 (9.74 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 854
 • Density 34/km2 (88/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 19007 / 19120
Elevation 136–502 m (446–1,647 ft)
(avg. 146 m or 479 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Altillac (Altilhac in Occitan) is a French commune in the Corrèze department in the Limousin region of central France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Altillacois or Altillacoises[1]

Geography[edit]

Altillac is a large commune located in the central massif of the Dordogne in the extreme south of Limousin. It was formerly called Xaintrie.

It is located some 30 km south-east of Brive-la-Gaillarde, 130 km south-west of Clermont-Ferrand, and about 180 km east of Bordeaux. Access to the commune is on road D940 which goes to the village just 1 km east of Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne then continues south through the commune to Biars-sur-Cere. The D116E branches south-east from this road to join the D14 east of Gagnac-sur-Cere. There is also the D116 coming from Brivezac in the north and the D41 highway to La Chapelle-Saint-Géraud in the north-east.[2]

The Dordogne river forms the western boundary of the commune with some streams from the commune flowing into it including the Ruisseau du Suquet. The eastern border of the commune is formed by the Ruisseau d'Orges which flows south into the Ceres river. The northern border is formed by the Ruisseau de Chauvac which flows west into the Dordogne. The Ruisseau de Laumond on the eastern side also flows east into the Orges as does the Ruisseau de Malaval in the south.[2]

There are quite a number of villages and hamlets in the commune. These are:

  • Andole
  • Courbignac
  • Esclaux
  • Fontmerle
  • Freyssignes
  • Gramond
  • Guilles
  • L'Aumond
  • L'Aussac
  • La Borderie
  • La Bourelle
  • La Majorie
  • La Palide
  • La Poujade
  • La Poulvelarie
  • La Veyssiere
  • Le Rodal
  • Le Sagrier
  • Le Treil
  • Les Escures
  • Paliole
  • Siran

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

Altillac was the seat of a Viguerie under the Carolingian dynasty.[3]

On 28 May 1942, the regional prefect of Limoges requisitioned land from the Chateau of Doux to create an internment centre for Jewish families.[4][5]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Altillac
The official status of the blazon remains to be determined.

Blazon:
Azure, a wolf rampant of Or bordure engrailed in gules, in chief the same charged with three mullets of Or.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Altillac

From To Name Party Position
1808 1834 Antoine Dauvis Bichiran
1834 1837 Jean Frédéric Bichiran
1837 1878 Jean Joseph Fontanille
1878 1883 Jean Baptiste Victor Borie
1883 1884 Joseph Lebrun
1884 1885 Jules d'Humieres
1885 1888 Jules Argueyrolles
1888 1904 Philippe Dounier
1904 1908 Louis Lamond
1908 1919 Jean Versejoux
1919 1934 Ernest Faugere
1934 1944 Georges Mas
1944 1945 Romain Conche
1945 1958 Georges Mas
1958 1977 Romain Conche
1977 1983 Robert Audrerie
1983 1995 Pierre Poulvelarie
1995 2001 Jean-Claude Vergne
2001 2020 Robert Vialard

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010, the commune had 854 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,544 1,290 1,685 1,576 1,794 1,870 1,805 1,894 1,914
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,885 1,800 1,747 1,695 1,656 1,637 1,709 1,451 1,502
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
1,419 1,378 1,333 1,135 1,143 1,081 1,023 938 860
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
781 762 720 791 824 801 833 854 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Altillac

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

  • The Chateau du Doux was built in 1904-1906 from plans by Jean-Louis Pascal. Influenced by the style used in Deauville, it is built in the style of Xaintrie, the nearest town, to serve as a luxury hotel. It is built above a valley and offers views of the surrounding landscape. Different styles are used for the window frames: simple windows, large curved bayss with stone latticework, cross windows, skylights, and capucine passantes. It used local materials to allow it to have a regional air: stones of various colours and a slate roof. Inside, the woodwork is Art Nouveau.[5]
  • On the other side of the valley is the Doux domain where large farm buildings have been built: huge barns/stables on two levels with many barns built in imitation of small farms, which form a semblance of a hamlet, a henhouse, and a bread oven. All buildings - the hotel and the farm buildings - are certified as heritage of the 20th century.[5]
  • The Dolmen de la Borderie - a Neolithic Dolmen in good condition.[6]

Religious heritage[edit]

  • The Church of Saint-Etienne (14th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[3] It was built in 1528 except for the bell tower which dates back to the 14th century. The Church contains several items that are registered as historical objects:

Notable People linked to the commune[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Corrèze (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00099650 Church of Saint-Etienne (French)Camera aabb.svg Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "M.C3.A9rim.C3.A9e" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "M.C3.A9rim.C3.A9e" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  4. ^ Château du Doux
  5. ^ a b c Colette Aymard (Director of Publication), Architecture and Heritage of the 20th century in Corrèze, Direction régionale des affaires culturelles du Limousin, 2010, p. 1-2 (French)
  6. ^ Megaliths
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19001279 Set of Baptismal fonts (French)Camera aabb.svg
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000828 Covers for the Baptismal fonts (French)Camera aabb.svg
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000498 Bowls for the Baptismal fonts (French)Camera aabb.svg
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000006 Panelling in the choir (French)Camera aabb.svg
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000692 6 Bas-reliefs (French)Camera aabb.svg
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000691 Panelling on the walls (French)Camera aabb.svg