|Cities||Bogotá, Tunja, Sogamoso, Duitama|
|Elevation||2,600 m (8,530 ft)|
|- elevation||3,000 m (9,843 ft)|
|- elevation||2,000 m (6,562 ft)|
|Orogeny||Eastern Ranges, Andes|
|Timezone||Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)|
The Altiplano Cundiboyacense is a high plateau located in the Eastern Cordillera of the Colombian Andes covering parts of the departments of Cundinamarca and Boyacá. The altiplano corresponds to the ancient territory of the Muisca. The Altiplano Cundiboyacense comprises three distinctive flat regions; the Bogotá savanna, the valleys of Ubaté and Chiquinquirá, and the valleys of Duitama and Sogamoso. The average altitude of the altiplano is about 2,600 metres (8,500 ft) above sea level but ranges from roughly 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) to 3,000 metres (9,800 ft).
The limits of the Altiplano are not strictly defined. The high plateau is enclosed by the higher mountains of the Eastern Ranges, with the Sumapaz mountains in the south. The Tenza Valley is located to the east of the Altiplano.
The earliest evidence of inhabitation of the Altiplano Cundiboyacense has been found in El Abra, near Zipaquirá at 12,400 +/- 160 years BP. Other ancient preceramic sites are Tibitó with an estimated age of 11,740 +/- 110 years BP and Tequendama dated at 10,920 +/- 260 years BP. In the earliest ages of human population prehistoric animals as the Cuvieronius, Haplomastodon and Equus amerhippus were living on the Altiplano.
Various archaeological sites with petroglyphs or pictographs have been discovered on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense, among others in Bojacá, Bogotá, Chía, Usme, Cogua, Cota, Facatativá, Nemocón, Madrid, Mosquera, Sáchica, Sibaté, Soacha, Subachoque, Suesca, Tenjo, Tocancipá, Zipacón, Zipaquirá.
Timeline of inhabitation
|Timeline of inhabitation of the Altiplano Cundiboyacense, Colombia|
The Altiplano is subdivided into three major valleys, from northeast to southwest:
Most important city of the Altiplano Cundiboyacense is the Colombian capital Bogotá. Other cities are, from northeast to southwest:
- Villa de Leyva
The Altiplano Cundiboyacense hosts a number of rivers and lakes.
- Lake Tota, largest lake of Colombia
- Lake Fúquene
- Lake Guatavita
- Lake Herrera
- Lake Iguaque
- Siecha Lakes
- Lake Suesca
- La Copa Reservoir
- El Muña Reservoir
- Neusa Reservoir
- San Rafael Reservoir
- Sisga Reservoir
- Lake Sochagota
- Tominé Reservoir
- Lake Herrera (since 1973)
- Wetlands of Bogotá
The average temperature on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense is 14 °C, ranging from 0 °C to 24 °C. The dryest months of the year are from December to March, while rain is more common in April, May, September, October and November. From June to August strong winds are present. Hail is common on the Altiplano.
- Botiva Contreras, Álvaro. 1989. Colombia Prehispánica - La Altiplanicie Cundiboyacense - Prehispanic Colombia - the Altiplano Cundiboyacense - V. Biblioteca Luís Ángel Arango. Accessed 2016-07-08.
- Calvachi Zambrano, Byron. 2012. Los ecosistemas semisecos del altiplano cundiboyacense, bioma azonal singular de Colombia, en gran riesgo de desaparición - The semi-arid ecosystems of the Altiplano Cundiboyacense, bioma of Colombia, at great risk of disappearance. Mutis 2. 26-59. Accessed 2016-07-08.
- Cardale de Schrimpff, Marianne. 1985. Ocupaciones humanas en el Altiplano Cundiboyacense - Human occupations on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense. Biblioteca Luís Ángel Arango. Accessed 2016-07-08.