Alto Velo Island

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Alto Velo Island
Alto Velo Island is located in the Dominican Republic
Alto Velo Island
Alto Velo Island
Coordinates 17°28′41.5″N 71°38′04.9″W / 17.478194°N 71.634694°W / 17.478194; -71.634694Coordinates: 17°28′41.5″N 71°38′04.9″W / 17.478194°N 71.634694°W / 17.478194; -71.634694
Area 1 km2 (0.39 sq mi)
Dominican Republic
Province Pedernales Province
Population 0
Pop. density 0 /km2 (0 /sq mi)
Isla Alto Velo Lighthouse
Location Isla Alto Velo
Dominican Republic
Coordinates 17°28′26.6″N 71°38′27.7″W / 17.474056°N 71.641028°W / 17.474056; -71.641028
Year first constructed 1915 (first)
Deactivated 1980s
Construction concrete tower
Tower shape quadrangular tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / pattern white tower
Height 20 metres (66 ft)
Focal height 163 metres (535 ft)
Range 13 nautical miles (24 km; 15 mi)
Characteristic Fl (2) W 10s.
Admiralty number J5482
NGA number 14388
ARLHS number DOM-007
Managing agent Parque Nacional Jaragua[1][2]

Alto Velo Island is a small uninhabited island south of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea. Its maximum height is about 152 metres above sea level.[3] It lies on an underwater mountain range which continues to Beata Island (about 12 km away, separated by the Alto Velo Channel) and the southwestern coast of the Dominican Republic. It has an area of 1.02 km²[4] and is 1.4 km long, being oval in shape.

It is located about 120-nautical-mile (220 km) southwest of Santo Domingo, and 40 nmi (74 km) south of Pedernales, making it the southernmost point of the Dominican Republic, a distinction sometimes claimed by Beata Island.

The island is part of the province of Pedernales in the Dominican Republic.

Alto Velo and Beata Islands belong to the Jaragua National Park,[5][6] the largest protected area in the Caribbean region.

The island was discovered by Christopher Columbus on his second voyage in 1494. The United States claimed the island, which had some strategic significance, in 1860 under the Guano Islands Act and as of 2017, it has never renounced the claim.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Dominican Republic The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 8 September 2016
  2. ^ List of Lights, Buoys and Fog Signals Atlantic Coast. Retrieved 8 September 2016
  3. ^ Mi Pais Geografia. "Isla Alto Velo" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2010-09-24. 
  4. ^ BirdLife IBA Factsheet DO007: Jaragua National Park
  5. ^ The Nature Conservancy. "Parque Nacional Jaragua" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2010-09-24. 
  6. ^ Cervantes Virtual. "Colon abandona la busqueda del paso" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 2010-09-24. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Messamore, Ford W.; Johnson, Andrew (1943). Alta Vela: A Forgotten Isle of the Caribbean. The Lycoming Press. 
  • "Alto Velo Island. Report of the Secretary of State on the Claim of Patterson and Murguiendo, with a Further Argument of the Claimants". United States Department of State. 1868.