Alulim

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Alulim
King [a]
Lista Reale Sumerica.jpg
The Weld-Blundell Prism is among the oldest, most well-preserved, and better-known versions of the Sumerian King List, and includes the inscription for Alulim.[1]
SuccessorAlalngar[2]
Sumerian𒀉𒇻𒅆[3]

Alulim[b] was an ancient Mesopotamian ruler. His name appears on numerous versions of the Sumerian King List (SKL).[note 1][4][2][5][6][7] He was succeeded by Alalngar.[2] Alulim may have r. c. 5000 – c. 4900 BC; however, the SKL states that he ruled for several millennia.[note 2][2][8] The SKL lists him as the first king of both Eridu and Sumer.[2]

After the kingship descended from heaven, the kingship was in Eridug (Eridu). In Eridug, Alulim became king; he ruled for 28,800 years.

The Uruk List of Kings and Sages pairs seven antediluvian kings each with his own apkallu.[9] An apkallu was a sage in Sumerian religion and/or literature. The first apkallu (Adapa) is paired up with Alulim. Professor William Wolfgang Hallo of Yale University suggests an equivalence between Alulim and the Biblical patriarch Enosh (in the Sethite genealogy given in Genesis chapter five). Professor William H. Shea adds that Alulim may have been a contemporary of the Biblical figure Adam (the latter of which may have been based on Adapa).[10] As Alulim was said to have ruled for several millennia, his reign can be reduced from 8 sars down to 8 years.[11]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sumerian: 𒈗, romanized: lugal; transliterated: lu.gal; lit.'big man'
  2. ^ Sumerian: 𒀉𒇻𒅆, romanized: Alulim; transliterated: a₂.lu.lim; lit.'stag'; Greek: Ἄλωρος, Aloros; Arabic: الوروس‎, Aylurus (Sjöberg, Leichty & Tinney 2021; Hallo & Simpson 1971, pp. 32–36; Al-Bīrūnī & Juzjani 1260a; Al-Bīrūnī & Juzjani 1260b)
  1. ^ The Weld-Blundell Prism, W-B 062, Babyloniaca, and Uruk List of Kings and Sages.
  2. ^ The Weld-Blundell Prism states that Alulim ruled for 28,800 years, the W-B 062 states 67,200 years, and the Babyloniaca has 36,000 years. (Langdon 1923)

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Regnal titles
Preceded by
unknown
King of Sumer
legendary
Succeeded by
King of Eridu
legendary