Aluminium diboride

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Aluminium diboride
Magnesium-diboride-3D-balls.png
Names
IUPAC name
aluminium diboride
Other names
aluminium boride
aluminum diboride
Identifiers
3D model (Jmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.031.736
EC Number 234-923-7
Properties
AlB2
Molar mass 48.604 g/mol
Appearance Copper-red solid
Density 3.19 g/cm³
Melting point 1,655 °C (3,011 °F; 1,928 K)
insoluble
Structure
Hexagonal, hP3
P6/mmm, No. 191
Thermochemistry
43.6 J/mol K
34.7 J/mol K
-151 kJ/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Aluminium diboride (AlB2) is a chemical compound made from the metal aluminium and the metalloid boron. It is one of two compounds of aluminium and boron, the other being AlB12, which are both commonly referred to as aluminium boride.

Structurally the B atoms form graphite-like sheets with Al atoms between them, and this is very similar to the structure of magnesium diboride. Single crystals of AlB2 exhibit metallic conductivity along the axis parallel to the basal hexagonal plane.[1]

Aluminium boride is considered a hazardous substance as it reacts with acids and hydrogen gas to produce toxic gases. For example, it reacts with hydrochloric acid to release borane and aluminium chloride.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "On the electronic and structural properties of aluminum diboride Al0.9B2" Burkhardt, Ulrich; Gurin, Vladimir; Haarmann, Frank; Borrmann, Horst; Schnelle, Walter; Yaresko, Alexander; Grin, Yuri Journal of Solid State Chemistry 177 (2004) 389-394

External links[edit]