Aluminium triethoxide

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Aluminium triethoxide
Aluminium triethoxide.svg
Identifiers
555-75-9
ChemSpider 21171290
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem 16685041
Properties
C6H15AlO3
Molar mass 162.16 g·mol−1
Appearance White powder
Density 1.142 g/cm3
Melting point 140 °C (284 °F; 413 K)
Boiling point 320 °C (608 °F; 593 K)
reacts violently
Solubility slightly soluble in xylene, chlorobenzene
Hazards
Flash point 210 °C (410 °F; 483 K)
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Aluminium triethoxide is a reducing agent that exists as a white powder under room temperature and standard atmospheric pressure.[citation needed] The chemical is mainly used in industrial settings and has played an important role in reducing the cost of the production of bimetallic aluminium catalysts.[1]

Properties[edit]

Aluminium triethoxide is hygroscopic, and decomposes into aluminium hydroxide and ethanol after it absorbs moisture from the air. Aluminium triethoxide is slightly soluble in hot dimethyl benzene, chlorobenzene and other high boiling point non-polar solvents.[2]

Applications[edit]

Aluminium triethoxide is used as a reducing agent for aldehydes and ketones, and is also used as a polymerization catalyst. Aluminium triethoxide is mainly used in the Sol-Gel Process preparation of high purity aluminium sesquioxide, which is a polymerization agent. At the same time, it is used as a reducing reagent, for example, carbonyl compounds that restore to alcohol.[clarification needed]

Synthesis methods[edit]

Aluminium triethoxide is produced by the heating reaction of an aluminium amalgam with anhydrous alcohol. All the reagents go through a strict water treatment, and the instrument devices prevent humidity from entering.

Aluminium triethoxide is also produced by reacting aluminium with anhydrous alcohol, but this reaction needs the participation of iodine (I
2
) and mercuric chloride (HgCl
2
) as catalysts.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Prof. Michael North; Dr. Carl Young (2 November 2011). "Reducing the Cost of Production of Bimetallic Aluminium Catalysts for the Synthesis of Cyclic Carbonates" (WEB PAGE (ABSTRACT)). Wiley Online Library. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  2. ^ The Merck Index, 15th Ed. (2013), p. 62, Monograph 334, O'Neil: The Royal Society of Chemistry. Available online at: http://www.rsc.org/Merck-Index/monograph/mono1500000334