|Former municipality of Switzerland|
|• Mayor||Thomas Kollegger|
|• Total||35.63 km2 (13.76 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,181 m (3,875 ft)|
|Population (Dec 2013)|
|• Density||11/km2 (29/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Arosa, Brienz/Brinzauls, Filisur, Lantsch/Lenz, Schmitten, Surava, Tiefencastel|
Alvaneu (Romansh: Alvagni) is a former municipality in the district of Albula in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. On 1 January 2015 the former municipalities of Alvaschein, Mon, Stierva, Tiefencastel, Alvaneu, Brienz/Brinzauls and Surava merged to form the new municipality of Albula/Alvra.
Alvaneu is first mentioned in 1244 as Aluenude. In 1530 it was mentioned as Allweneü.
Before the merger, Alvaneu had a total area of 35.7 km2 (13.8 sq mi). Of this area, 27% is used for agricultural purposes, while 32.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (38.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
The former municipality is located in the Belfort sub-district of the Albula district. It is located on a terrace above the Albula river. It consists of the village of Alvaneu (Alvaneu-Dorf) and Alvaneu-Bad on the valley floor. The municipality also includes the settlement of Aclas d'Alvagni as well as the alpine settlements of Creusch and Ramoz.
Alvaneu had a population (as of 2013) of 403. As of 2007[update], 7.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -6.2%.
Alvaneu has an unemployment rate of 0.27%. As of 2005[update], there were 43 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 16 businesses involved in this sector. 37 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 4 businesses in this sector. 124 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 23 businesses in this sector.
The traditional language of the population until the middle of the 19th century was Romansh. However, in 1880, only 80.1% of the inhabitants spoke Romansch as their native language. This erosion continued (1910: 68.06%, 1941: 56.0%, 1970: 47.03%). 1960 was the last census that counted a Romansch-speaking majority.
|Languages in Alvaneu|
|Language||Census of 1980||Census of 1990||Census of 2000|
Although 31% still speak some Romansch, German is now the only official language for municipality business.
- Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 2 January 2013
- Leybold-Johnson, Isobel (March 20, 2007). "Mountain village converts to a princedom". Swissinfo. Retrieved 24 September 2009.
- Alvaneu in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- "Portraits of communes". Federal Statistical Office (Switzerland). Retrieved 2016-09-15.
- Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alvaneu.|