|Motto(s): Un municipio con futuro (A municipality with future)|
|Established||5 September 1818 (as Municipality)|
|Founded by||Pedro de Alvarado|
|• Mayor||Bogar Ruiz Rosas (PAN)|
|• Syndic||Luis Fernando Martínez Sedano|
|• Municipality||840.63 km2 (324.57 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||57.32/km2 (148.5/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (US Central))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (Central)|
On 1816, the citizens of the village of San Cristóbal de Alvarado sought the designation of Town from Ferdinand VII, King of Spain. The King granted the village the title of Town on 8 September 1816 by Royal Decree, which had a cost of 92,800 maravedís. Almost two years later, on 5 September 1818 the same Ferdinand VII authorized the first Honorable Ayuntamiento or city council. On 3 October 1818, the first City Council was established with Tomás Hondal serving as first Mayor.
Once the Independence War was over, the State redacted its own Constitution in which the state territory was divided in 4 departments and 12 cantons. The municipality of Alvarado was assigned to the Canton of Veracruz in the Department of Veracruz.
The municipality has an extension of 840.63 km2 (324.57 sq mi) and counts with 265 settlements, from which 2 are urban.
The municipality has an elevation of 10 m (33 ft) and is located in the state's Papaloapan region and is bordered by Boca del Río, Tlalixcoyan, Medellín, Ignacio de la Llave, Ixmatlahuacan, Acula, Tlacotalpan and Lerdo de Tejada.
Alvarado is located in the state's central coastal zone, within the Sotavento Plains. Dunes are common in rural and urban areas; an example of this is the neighborhood of "Lomas del Rosario" (Rosary Hills, in English), built on the Rosary Dunes which are inside the city of Alvarado.
In this region there is hot/sub-humid —the wetter of the sub-humids— weather with abundant rains in summer. The maximum average temperature is 26 °C (79 °F) and 18 °C (64 °F) as minimum average temperature, varying from 5 °C (41 °F) to 7 °C (45 °F) every year. The dry season is from January to May and the period of rains starts in June. The Nortes season starts in November and intensifies in January.
- "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México: Alvarado" (in Spanish). Gobierno Estatal. Archived from the original on 14 March 2007. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
- A Norte (north) is a, most of the times, cold wind mass coming from the North that can reach sustained wind speeds of 100 km/h (62 mph) and over. Nortes can last from a couple of hours to several days.
- Reguero, Martha; García-Cubas, Antonio. "Anales del Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología". Moluscos de la Laguna de Alvarado, Veracruz: Sistemática y Ecología (in Spanish). UNAM. Archived from the original on 20 February 2009. Retrieved 29 January 2009.