Alvediston

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Alvediston
The Crown at Alvediston - geograph.org.uk - 94920.jpg
The Crown, Alvediston
Alvediston is located in Wiltshire
Alvediston
Alvediston
 Alvediston shown within Wiltshire
Population 106 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid reference ST976236
Civil parish Alvediston
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Salisbury
Postcode district SP5
Dialling code 01722
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament South West Wiltshire
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

Coordinates: 51°00′43″N 2°02′10″W / 51.012°N 2.036°W / 51.012; -2.036

Alvediston is a small village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, about 7 miles (11 km) east of Shaftesbury and 11 miles (18 km) southwest of Salisbury. The area is the source of the River Ebble and is within the Cranborne Chase and West Wiltshire Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty

Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1955 to 1957 and won the 1955 general election for the Conservatives, lived at Alvediston Manor from 1966 until his death in 1977.[2] He was buried in St Mary's churchyard.[3]

History[edit]

Prehistoric sites in the parish include three Bronze Age bowl barrows on Trow Down[4] and a field system from the same era at Elcombe Down.[2]

Much of the land was granted to the nuns of Wilton Abbey in 955.[2] Fragmentary records from Saxon times indicate that the Ebble valley was a thriving area. The Domesday Book of 1086 recorded the division of the Chalke Valley into eight manors: Chelke (Chalke), Eblesborne (Ebbesbourne Wake), Fifehide (Fifield Bavant), Cumbe (Coombe Bissett), Humitone (Homington), Odestoche (Odstock), Stradford (Stratford Tony) and Trow. Alvediston emerged in 1156 as Alfweiteston, formed from the western part of Ebbesbourne Wake and the small manor of Trow.[5] The manor passed to the Crown at the Dissolution, then in 1541 to Sir William Herbert who became Earl of Pembroke. Alvediston manor remained with the Pembrokes until 1918 when it was sold as two farms, Church Farm and Elcombe Farm.[2]

Norrington manor was recorded as held from the king in 1210-1212.[2] It was owned by the Gawen family from 1377 to 1658 and then by the Wyndham family until 1952.[6]

Local government[edit]

The civil parish is governed by a parish meeting, a form of governance applied to parishes with small populations.[7] It is in the area of Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which is responsible for all significant local government functions.

Religious sites[edit]

The Church of England parish church of St Mary[8] is Grade II* listed.[9] It was rebuilt in 1866 by T.H. Wyatt using elements from an earlier church dating back to the 12th century.[10]

A Primitive Methodist chapel was built in 1894 and closed sometime before 1951.[11] As of 2006 the building was standing but unused.[12]

Notable buildings[edit]

The Crown Inn (built as a pair of cottages in the mid-17th century)[13] and the Manor House (mid-18th)[14] are Grade II listed.

Main article: Norrington Manor

The manor house at Norrington is from the 14th century and is Grade I listed.[15]

Amenities[edit]

Alvediston has a pub, the Crown Inn. The parish has no school; a small National School was built in 1872 and closed in 1922.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol 13 pp6-16 - Parishes: Alvediston". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 27 August 2015. 
  3. ^ "Anthony Eden (1897 - 1977) - Find A Grave Memorial". Findagrave.com. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  4. ^ Historic England. "Three bowl barrows on Trow Down (1020956)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 27 August 2015. 
  5. ^ Meers, Peter (2006). "Ebbesbourne Wake Through the Ages" (PDF). Southwilts.com. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "Alvediston". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  7. ^ "Alvediston Parish Meeting". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 27 August 2015. 
  8. ^ "Alvediston - St Mary's". Chalke Valley Church. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  9. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary, Alvediston (1318670)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 August 2015. 
  10. ^ "Church of St. Mary, Alvediston". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  11. ^ "Primitive Methodist Chapel, Alvediston". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  12. ^ Commons-logo.svg Wikimedia Commons has a file available for the chapel at Alvediston.
  13. ^ Historic England. "The Crown Inn, Alvediston (1300374)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  14. ^ Historic England. "The Manor, Alvediston (1130703)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  15. ^ Historic England. "Norrington Manor (1318666)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  16. ^ "National School, Alvediston". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Alvediston at Wikimedia Commons