Alvediston

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Alvediston
The Crown at Alvediston - geograph.org.uk - 94920.jpg
The Crown, Alvediston
Alvediston is located in Wiltshire
Alvediston
Alvediston
Location within Wiltshire
Population106 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid referenceST976236
Civil parish
  • Alvediston
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSalisbury
Postcode districtSP5
Dialling code01722
PoliceWiltshire
FireDorset and Wiltshire
AmbulanceSouth Western
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°00′43″N 2°02′10″W / 51.012°N 2.036°W / 51.012; -2.036Coordinates: 51°00′43″N 2°02′10″W / 51.012°N 2.036°W / 51.012; -2.036

Alvediston is a small village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, about 7 miles (11 km) east of Shaftesbury and 11 miles (18 km) southwest of Salisbury. The area is the source of the River Ebble and is within the Cranborne Chase and West Wiltshire Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.

History[edit]

Prehistoric sites in the parish include three Bronze Age bowl barrows on Trow Down[2] and a field system from the same era at Elcombe Down.[3]

Much of the land was granted to the nuns of Wilton Abbey in 955.[3] Fragmentary records from Saxon times indicate that the Ebble valley was a thriving area. Domesday Book of 1086 recorded the division of the Chalke Valley into eight manors: Chelke (Chalke), Eblesborne (Ebbesbourne Wake), Fifehide (Fifield Bavant), Cumbe (Coombe Bissett), Humitone (Homington), Odestoche (Odstock), Stradford (Stratford Tony) and Trow. Alvediston emerged in 1156 as Alfweiteston, formed from the western part of Ebbesbourne Wake and the small manor of Trow.[4] The manor passed to the Crown at the Dissolution, then in 1541 to Sir William Herbert who became Earl of Pembroke. Alvediston manor remained with the Pembrokes until 1918 when it was sold as two farms, Church Farm and Elcombe Farm.[3]

The Ox Drove, a medieval drovers' road from Dorset to Salisbury, crossed the south of the parish.[3]

In 1377, the parish had 111 poll-tax payers.[3] The population of the parish reached 278 at the 1851 census but fell steadily from the 1870s, reaching a low of 84 in 1981.[1]

Norrington manor was recorded as held from the king in 1210–1212.[3] It was owned by the Gawen family from 1377 to 1658 and then by the Wyndham family until 1952.[5]

Local government[edit]

The civil parish is governed by a parish meeting, a form of governance applied to parishes with small populations.[6] It is in the area of Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which is responsible for all significant local government functions.

Religious sites[edit]

Alvediston St Mary's church

The Church of England parish church of St Mary stands on the north bank of the Ebble, next to Church Farm and with only the former vicarage and a 17th-century house[7] nearby, the rest of the village now lying south of the river. Built in limestone, the church has a chancel with a north chapel, a nave with transepts and a west tower. The date of the nave is uncertain: the Wiltshire Victoria County History places it in the 12th century, with 14th-century transepts,[3] but the English Heritage listing offers no date. The three-stage tower was built in the 17th century. Extensive restoration in 1866 by T.H. Wyatt included the addition of the north chapel and the rebuilding of the north transept. The church was designated as Grade II* listed in 1966.[8]

The stone font bowl is 12th-century, while the pews and pulpit are from the 1860s. Monuments inside the church include a recumbent 14th-century knight, probably one of the Gawens of Norrington Manor. There are marble tablets to Sir Wadham Wyndham (d.1668), his wife (d.1704) and son John (d.1724).[8] Two of the three bells are from the 17th century; at present the peal is unringable.[9]

From 1584 or earlier, Broad Chalke, Bowerchalke and Alveston were held as one benefice, with Bowerchalke and Alvediston treated as chapels. This continued until Alvediston was made a perpetual curacy in 1861. In 1963 the benefice was united with that of Ebbesbourne Wake with Fifield Bavant,[10] and in 1970 the parishes were united to form the parish of Ebbesbourne Wake with Fifield Bavant and Alvediston.[11][12] Today the parish is part of the Chalke Valley Churches group.[13]

A Primitive Methodist chapel was built in 1894 and closed sometime before 1951.[14] As of 2019 the building was standing but unused.[15]

Notable buildings[edit]

Samways Farm Stables and tower from The Street, Alvediston

The Crown Inn is on the south side of the village and was originally a pair of mid-17th century cottages.[16]

Alvediston Manor from the village street

Alvediston Manor (mid-18th century)[17] is on east side of the village street leading to the river and is Grade II listed.

Samways House (c.1700) and Samways Farm Stables (mid 19th century) are north of the village street, about 200 metres west of the Crown Inn; both are also Grade II listed. The clocktower over the archway entrance to the stables was built by William Day in 1861 to celebrate his horse Dulcibella winning the Cesarewitch at Newmarket.[18][19]

Norrington Manor, about 1 kilometre NNW of the village centre, is a Grade I listed manor house based on a 14th-century great hall.[20] It was probably built by John Gawen, a layer, justice and Member of Parliament, who acquired the property in 1377.[3] Around 1659 it was bought by Wadham Wyndham, a lawyer and later a Justice of the King's Bench.[3]

Amenities[edit]

Alvediston has a pub, the Crown Inn. A National School was built in 1872 but closed in 1922.[21]

There are two Sites of Special Scientific Interest in the parish: Pincombe Down and Gallows Hill. The latter is notable for rare chalk grassland species and a scarce species of butterfly.

Notable people[edit]

Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, lived at Alvediston Manor from 1966 until his death in 1977.[3] He was buried in St Mary's churchyard.[22] He was a Conservative politician who was Foreign Secretary three times, deputy to Winston Churchill for almost 15 years and succeeded him as the leader of the Conservative Party. He won the 1955 general election and served as Prime Minister from 1955 to 1957.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  2. ^ Historic England. "Three bowl barrows on Trow Down (1020956)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Freeman, Jane; Stevenson, Janet H. (1987). "Parishes: Alvediston". In Crowley, D. A. (ed.). A History of the County of Wiltshire, Volume 13. Victoria County History. University of London. pp. 6–16. Retrieved 10 May 2021 – via British History Online.
  4. ^ Meers, Peter (2006). "Ebbesbourne Wake Through the Ages" (PDF). Southwilts.com. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  5. ^ "Alvediston". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Alvediston Parish Meeting". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  7. ^ Historic England. "Church Cottage (1130706)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  8. ^ a b Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1318670)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  9. ^ "Alvediston". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 10 May 2021.
  10. ^ "No. 43143". The London Gazette. 25 October 1963. p. 8770.
  11. ^ "Alvediston: St Mary". A Church Near You. The Archbishops' Council. Retrieved 10 May 2021.
  12. ^ "No. 45057". The London Gazette. 10 March 1970. p. 2856.
  13. ^ "Alvediston". Chalke Valley Churches. Retrieved 10 May 2021.
  14. ^ "Primitive Methodist Chapel, Alvediston". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  15. ^ Commons-logo.svg Wikimedia Commons has a file available for the chapel at Alvediston.
  16. ^ Historic England. "The Crown Inn, Alvediston (1300374)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  17. ^ Historic England. "The Manor, Alvediston (1130703)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  18. ^ Historic England. "Samways (1130701)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  19. ^ Historic England. "Stables at Samways (1318667)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  20. ^ Historic England. "Norrington Manor (1318666)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  21. ^ "National School, Alvediston". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  22. ^ The New York Times

External links[edit]

Media related to Alvediston at Wikimedia Commons