Alvin, Texas

Coordinates: 29°23′37″N 95°16′18″W / 29.39361°N 95.27167°W / 29.39361; -95.27167
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"In touch with the past...planning for the future"
Location in the state of Texas
Location in the state of Texas
Alvin is located in Texas
Location in Texas
Alvin is located in the United States
Alvin (the United States)
Alvin is located in North America
Alvin (North America)
Coordinates: 29°23′37″N 95°16′18″W / 29.39361°N 95.27167°W / 29.39361; -95.27167
CountryUnited States
 • TypeCouncil-manager
 • MayorGabe Adame[citation needed]
 • City ManagerJunru Roland[citation needed]
 • Total25.14 sq mi (65.11 km2)
 • Land24.27 sq mi (62.85 km2)
 • Water0.87 sq mi (2.26 km2)
Elevation46 ft (14 m)
 • Total27,098
 • Density1,101.21/sq mi (425.18/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
Area code281
FIPS code48-02272[4]
GNIS feature ID2409692[2]

Alvin is a city in the U.S. state of Texas within the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land metropolitan area and Brazoria County. As of the 2020 U.S. Census, the city population was 27,098.[5] Alvin's claim to fame is Baseball Hall of Famer Nolan Ryan, who moved with his family to the city in 1947 as an infant and lived there until he moved to Round Rock in 2003. The Nolan Ryan Museum is in the Nolan Ryan Foundation and Exhibit Center on the campus of Alvin Community College. Alvin is also the home town of professional pitcher Nathan Eovaldi and professional football quarterback Joe Ferguson.


The Alvin area was settled in the mid-19th century when bull ranches were established in the area. The Santa Fe Railroad eventually expanded into the area, and a settlement was established along the railroad. Alvin was originally named "Morgan" by the town's residents in honor of the settlement's original resident, Santa Fe employee Alvin Morgan; upon discovery that the name Morgan had been taken, the town named itself after Morgan's first name. The town was officially incorporated in 1893, making it the oldest incorporated settlement in Brazoria County.[6] Alvin Morgan received a land grant from the state of Texas prior to 1891.

Alvin was a sundown town in the 1930s, where practically no African Americans were allowed to live.[7]

In 1960, the city annexed a 100-foot-wide (30 m) 137-mile-long (220 km) stretch of land to protect Alvin from being annexed by other cities. The city's unusual borders were the subject of a lawsuit against Missouri City when it attempted an annexation into Brazoria County and across Alvin's city limits in 2002.[8][9]

On July 25, 1979, Tropical Storm Claudette stalled over Alvin and inundated the region with 45 inches (1,140 mm) of rain in 42 hours. The total included 43 inches (1,090 mm) in 24 hours, at the time the highest amount of rainfall in 24 hours in American history.[10]


Alvin is located in northeastern Brazoria County at 29°23′37″N 95°16′18″W / 29.39361°N 95.27167°W / 29.39361; -95.27167 (29.393698, –95.271588).[11] It is bordered to the northeast by Friendswood and League City in Galveston County, and part of its southeast border is along the village of Hillcrest. Texas State Highway 35 bypasses the center of the city to the east; it leads north 25 miles (40 km) to downtown Houston and southwest 21 miles (34 km) to Angleton, the Brazoria County seat. Texas State Highway 6 crosses Highway 35 and passes through the center of Alvin, leading southeast 30 miles (48 km) to Galveston and 28 miles (45 km) northwest to Sugar Land

According to the United States Census Bureau, Alvin has a total area of 25.6 square miles (66.4 km2), of which 24.3 square miles (62.9 km2) is land and 1.4 square miles (3.5 km2), or 5.26%, is water.[5]

Historical population
1930–2000[12] 2010[5]


Alvin racial composition as of 2020[13]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 14,435 53.27%
Black or African American (NH) 1,088 4.02%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 81 0.3%
Asian (NH) 343 1.27%
Pacific Islander (NH) 4 0.01%
Some Other Race (NH) 76 0.28%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 862 3.18%
Hispanic or Latino 10,209 37.67%
Total 27,098

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 27,098 people, 9,710 households, and 6,895 families residing in the city.

As of the 2010 Census, the population was 24,236 people, with a population density of 1,475 people per square mile. As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 21,413 people, 7,826 households, and 5,603 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,302.9 inhabitants per square mile (503.1/km2). There were 8,442 housing units at an average density of 513.7 per square mile (198.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.28% White, 2.11% African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.79% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 10.88% from other races, and 3.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.09% of the population.

There were 7,826 households, out of which 39.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 29.7% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $38,576, and the median income for a family was $43,987. Males had a median income of $36,216 versus $22,580 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,016. About 10.8% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.


Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Alvin High School

Public schools[edit]

Students in Alvin attend schools in the Alvin Independent School District.[16]

Schools within AISD include: High schools:

Junior high schools:

  • Alvin Junior High
  • Fairview Junior High
  • G.W. Harby Junior High
  • Rodeo Palms Junior High
  • Manvel Junior High
  • Dr.Ronald E. McNair Junior High
  • Nolan Ryan Junior High
  • Jackie Doucet Caffey Junior High

Elementary Schools:

  • Golda Hood-Bobbie Case Elementary
  • Melba L. Passmore Elementary
  • Mark Twain Elementary
  • Dr. James "Red" Duke Elementary
  • Glenn York Elementary
  • Alvin Elementary
  • Walt Disney Elementary
  • Bel Nafegar Elementary
  • Bob and Betty Nelson Elementary
  • Don Jeter Elementary
  • E.C. Mason Elementary
  • Laura Ingalls Wilder Elementary
  • Mary Burks Marek Elementary
  • Meridiana Elementary
  • Pomona Elementary
  • Savannah Lakes Elementary
  • Shirley Dill Brothers Elementary
  • Bill Hasse Elementary

Colleges and universities[edit]

Alvin Community College

Alvin Community College provides basic undergraduate courses and adult education. Alvin is in the ACC taxation zone.[17]

Public libraries[edit]

The Alvin Library is a part of the Brazoria County Library System. The library closed in 2010 to repair damages done by Hurricane Ike, and during that renovation, a fire broke out causing major smoke damage. The library reopened in June 2011.


Greyhound Bus Lines operates the Alvin Station at Yellow Jacket Grocery-Citgo.

Postal services[edit]

Color photo shows vehicles parked in front of a brick building named Alvin Post Office.
US Post Office, Alvin, TX

The United States Postal Service operates the Alvin Post Office at 455 East House Street, 77511-9998.

Community information[edit]

Thelma Ley Anderson Family YMCA is located in Alvin.

The Alvin Rotary Club sponsors a yearly Frontier Day celebration, which includes a parade and 5k Fun Run.

Popular culture connections[edit]

Alvin was featured in the CMT series Trick my What?, featuring the Froberg family, who have been members of the Alvin community for more than 70 years.[18]

Notable people[edit]


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Alvin has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[20]


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Alvin, Texas
  3. ^ "State and County Quick Facts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on March 26, 2015. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ a b c "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Alvin city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
  6. ^ "Alvin, Texas". Retrieved December 26, 2022.
  7. ^ "Alvin Citizens Doubt That Negro Suspect Responsible For Christmas Ax Killing". The Galveston Daily News. Galveston, Texas. December 27, 1933. p. 1 – via It was pointed out that practically no negroes are allowed to live in Alvin and that Lapham's home was near the Mexican quarter of the town.
  8. ^ Hanson, Eric (September 7, 2002). "Brazoria officials fight annexation". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved February 26, 2023.
  9. ^ "City of Missouri City v. State ex rel. City of Alvin, 123 S.W.3d 606 (2003), Texas Court of Appeals". Caselaw Access Project. November 13, 2003. Retrieved February 26, 2023.
  10. ^ "Flooding in 1979 put Alvin in record books". Houston Chronicle. June 16, 2001. Retrieved September 23, 2006.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  12. ^ Texasalmanac. Retrieved 2012-10-04
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved May 23, 2022.
  14. ^ "". Retrieved December 26, 2022.
  15. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  16. ^ "Flood Zone Map" (Archive). City of Alvin. Retrieved on March 20, 2014.
  17. ^ "Alvin Community College Taxation Boundary Layer" (PDF). Brazoria County Appraisal District. Retrieved June 18, 2020.
  18. ^ "Trick My What? Ep. 102 Produce Farmer's Tractor". Retrieved December 26, 2022.
  19. ^ McCutcheon, Michael; Barone, Chuck (2013). 2014 Almanac of American Politics. The University of Chicago Press.
  20. ^ "Alvin, Texas Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved December 26, 2022.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[14][15]

External links[edit]