February 25, 1928|
Harlem New York City, New York
|Died||July 14, 2000(aged 72)|
|Occupation||Comic-book artist, painter, art professor|
|Known for||One of comics' first African-American artists|
Early life and comics
Alvin Carl Hollingsworth was born in Harlem, New York City, New York, of West Indian parents, and began drawing at age 4. By 12 he was an art assistant on Holyoke Publishing's Cat-Man Comics. Attending The High School of Music & Art, he was a classmate of future comic book artist and editor Joe Kubert.
Circa 1941, he began illustrating for crime comics. Since it was not standard practice during this era for comic-book credits to be given routinely, comprehensive credits are difficult to ascertain; Hollingsworth's first confirmed comic-book work is the signed, four-page war comics story "Robot Plane" in Aviation Press' Contact Comics #5 (cover-dated March 1945), which he both penciled and inked. Through the remainder of the 1940s, he confirmably drew for Holyoke's Captain Aero Comics (as Al Hollingsworth), and Fiction House's Wings Comics, where he did the feature "Suicide Smith" at least sporadically from 1946 to 1950. He is tentatively identified under the initials "A. H." as an artist on the feature "Captain Power" in Novack Publishing's Great Comics in 1945.
In the following decade, credited as Alvin Hollingsworth or A. C. Hollingsworth, he drew for a number of publishers and series, including Avon Comics' and later Superior Publishers Limited's The Mask of Dr. Fu Manchu; Premier Magazines' Police Against Crime; Ribage's romance comic Youthful Romances; and horror comics such as Master Comics' Dark Mysteries and Trojan Magazines' Beware. As Al Hollingsworth, he drew for horror comics including Avon's Witchcraft, "Strange Worlds", "Eerie" and Premier's Mysterious Stories, and romance comics such as Lev Gleason Publications' Boy Loves Girl. One standard source credits him, without specification, as an artist on stories for Fox Comics (the feature "Numa" in Rulah, Jungle Goddess, and "Bronze Man' in Blue Beetle) and on war stories for the publisher Spotlight.
During the 1960s, Hollingsworth taught illustration at the High School of Art & Design on in Manhattan.
Fine art career
Hollingsworth thereafter left comics for a career as a fine art painter, and from 1980 until retiring in 1998 he taught art as a professor at Hostos Community College of the City University of New York. As a painter, his subjects included such contemporary social issues as civil rights for women and African Americans, as well as jazz and dance. Of one subject he painted, an African Jesus Christ, he told Ebony magazine in 1971, "I have always felt that Christ was a Black man," and said the subject represented a "philosophical symbol of any of the modern prophets who have been trying to show us the right way. To me, Malcolm X and Martin Luther King are such prophets." An authority on fluorescent paint, he worked in both representational and abstract art.
In the summer of 1963, he and fellow African-American artists Romare Bearden and William Majors formed the group Spiral in order to help the Civil Rights Movement through art exhibitions. At some point during the 1960s, he directed an art program teaching young students commercial art and fine art at the Harlem Parents Committee Freedom School.
- Hollingsworth, A. C. I'd Like the Goo-Gen-Heim: writer-illustrator, children's book (1970; reprinted Guggenheim Foundation, 2009)
- Alvin C. Hollingsworth at the Lambiek Comiclopedia. Archived December 14, 2010, at the Wayback Machine..
- Alvin C. Hollingswort (as spelled by source) at the Social Security Death Index via FamilySearch.org. Retrieved on March 1, 2013. Archived from the original on December 30, 2013.
- Smith, Todd. D. The Hewitt Collection: Celebration and Vision (Bank of America Corp, 1999), p. 57 ISBN 978-0-9669342-0-5, p. 57.
- "Alvin Carl Hollingsworth (1928 - 2000)". Ask Art: The Artists' Bluebook. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012.
- Alvin Hollingsworth at the Grand Comics Database
- Al Hollingsworth at the Grand Comics Database
- History Detectives, PBS, original airdate July 12, 2011, at 50:46
- Leiffer, Paul, and Hames Ware, eds. Hollingsworth, Al at The Comic Strip Project WebCitation archive main-page link.
- "Artists Portray a Black Christ", Ebony, April 1971, p. 177
- Siegel, p. 87 in chapter that includes transcript of December 14, 1967, WBAI radio interview with Hollingsworth, Bearden and Majors.
- Siegel, Jeanne. Artwords: discourse on the 60s and 70s (Da Capo Press, 1992), ISBN 978-0-306-80474-8. p. 85
- Boatner, Kay (April 20, 2009). "I'd Like the Goo-Gen-Heim: A little boy asks for a big birthday present in this 1970 reissue". Time Out New York. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011.
- "Spotlight on Alvin (A.C.) Hollingsworth". Scott's Classic Comics Corner (column), ComicBookResources.com. February 16, 2010. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011.
- "Alvin Hollingsworth". NegroArtist.com. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011.
- Jackson, Tim (1998). "Salute to Pioneering Cartoonists of Color:Kandy by Al Hollingsworth". Creative License Studio. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008.