Alxa League

Coordinates: 38°50′N 105°40′E / 38.83°N 105.67°E / 38.83; 105.67
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Alxa League
阿拉善盟 • ᠠᠯᠠᠱᠠ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ
Hanging Temple (悬空寺) nearby Guangzong Temple, a monastery in the Alaša mountains.
Hanging Temple (悬空寺) nearby Guangzong Temple, a monastery in the Alaša mountains.
Location of Alxa League in Inner Mongolia
Location of Alxa League in Inner Mongolia
Coordinates (Alxa Left Banner): 38°50′N 105°40′E / 38.83°N 105.67°E / 38.83; 105.67
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionInner Mongolia
League seatAlxa Left Banner (Bayanhot)
 • Total231,334
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-NM-29
Alxa League
Chinese name
Mongolian name
Mongolian CyrillicАлшаа аймаг
Mongolian scriptᠠᠯᠠᠱᠠ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ

Alxa League or Alashan League (Chinese: 阿拉善盟; pinyin: Ālāshàn Méng; Mongolian: alasha ayimag, Mongolian Cyrillic. Алшаа аймаг) is one of 12 prefecture level divisions and 3 extant leagues of Inner Mongolia. The league borders Mongolia to the north, Bayan Nur to the northeast, Wuhai and Ordos to the east, Ningxia to the southeast, and Gansu to the south and west. The capital is Bayanhot Town (Chinese: 巴彥浩特镇), formerly known as Dingyuanying (定远营镇) or Wang Ye Fu,[1] in the aimag's Left Banner. The Mongolian variety spoken in this area is the Alasha dialect.


In the 2020 census, there were 262,361 inhabitants. Alxa is the least populated region of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

A number of residents have been relocated from the growing Tengger Desert.[2]

The proportion of nationalities in Alxa League (2020)
Nationality Percentage
Hui People
Tu People
Source of the population statistics :[3]


Since 2010, Alxa League has frequently appeared as one of the most prosperous prefecture-level divisions in all of China when measured by GDP per capita; in 2013, the GDP per head was approximately US$30,000. If using this measure alone, Alxa was ranked first in China, even higher than its neighbor Ordos. Wealth in the region is not evenly distributed, and the numbers are skewed by its low permanent population. Much of the productive economic activity takes place under the auspices of several large companies operating in the region, extracting natural resources. These include China Kingho Corporation, a "clean coal" technology operator, and the Inner Mongolia-based Taiximei Group. Due to its remote location, much of the economic activity takes place with the support of migrant laborers from other parts of China. The high per capita GDP is not reflected in the salaries of the average low-skilled worker, which is on par with other mid-sized Chinese cities.

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

Alxa is divided into three banners:

Name Mongolian Simplified
Hanyu Pinyin Population
Alxa Left Banner
(Alxa Jun Banner)
ᠠᠯᠠᠱᠠ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Alaša Jegün qosiɣu)
阿拉善左旗 Ālāshàn Zuǒ Qí 173,494 80,412 2.15
Alxa Right Banner
(Alxa Barun Banner)
ᠠᠯᠠᠱᠠ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Alaša Baraɣun qosiɣu)
阿拉善右旗 Ālāshàn Yòu Qí 25,430 72,556 0.35
Ejin Banner ᠡᠵᠡᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Ejen-e qosiɣu)
额济纳旗 Éjìnà Qí 32,410 114,606 0.28

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wulsin, Frederick R. (February 1926). "The Road to Wang Ye Fu". National Geographic Magazine. 49 (2): 197.
  2. ^ Haner, Josh, et al. (24 October 2016). Living in China's Expanding Deserts, The New York Times
  3. ^ 内蒙古自治区第七次全国人口普查领导小组办公室、内蒙古自治区统计局. "内蒙古人口普查年鉴-2020".

External links[edit]