Alxa League

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Alxa League
阿拉善盟ᠠᠯᠠᠱᠠ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ
League
Alaša Baraγun Keid, a monastery in the Alaša mountains.
Alaša Baraγun Keid, a monastery in the Alaša mountains.
Alxa league (red) in Inner Mongolia (orange)
Alxa league (red) in Inner Mongolia (orange)
Country People's Republic of China
Province Inner Mongolia
League seat Alxa Left Banner (Bayanhot)
Population (2010)
 • Total 231,334
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website http://www.alsm.gov.cn/
Alxa League
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 阿拉善盟
Mongolian name
Mongolian Cyrillic Алшаа аймаг
Mongolian script ᠠᠯᠠᠱᠠ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ

Coordinates: 38°50′N 105°40′E / 38.833°N 105.667°E / 38.833; 105.667

Alxa League or Ālāshàn League is one of 12 prefecture level divisions and 3 extant leagues of Inner Mongolia. The league borders Mongolia to the north, Bayan Nur to the northeast, Wuhai and Ordos to the east, Ningxia to the southeast, and Gansu to the south and west. The capital is Bayanhot Town (Chinese: 巴彥浩特镇; older name: 定远营镇; pinyin: Dingyuanying Town) in the aimag's Left Banner. The Mongolian variety spoken in this area is the Alasha dialect.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2010 census, there were 231,334 inhabitants. Alxa is the least populated region of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

A number of residents have been relocated from the growing Tengger Desert.[1]

Ethnic group No. of inhabitants share
Han 140,900 71.79%
Mongols 44,630 22.74%
Hui 9,331 4.75%
Manchu 952 0.49%
Tibetans 146 0.07%
Tu 68 0.03%
Daur 67 0.03%
Other 185 0.09%

Economy[edit]

Since 2010, Alxa League frequently appears as one of the most prosperous prefecture-level divisions in all of China when measured by GDP per capita; in 2013, the GDP per head was approximately $30,000 USD. If using this measure alone, Alxa was ranked first in China, even higher than its neighbor Ordos. However, it should be noted that wealth in the region is not evenly distributed, and that the numbers are skewed by its low permanent population. Much of the productive economic activity takes place under the auspices of several large companies operating in the region, extracting natural resources. These include China Kingho Corporation, a "clean coal" technology operator, and the Inner Mongolia based Taiximei Group. Due to its remote location, much of the economic activity takes place with the support of migrant laborers from other parts of China. The high per capita GDP is not reflected in the salaries of the average low-skilled worker, which is on par with other mid-sized Chinese cities.

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

Alxa is divided into three banners:

Map
Name Mongolian Simplified
Chinese
Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010)
Area
(km²)
Density
(/km²)
Alxa Left Banner ᠠᠯᠠᠱᠠ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Alaša Jegün qosiɣu)
阿拉善左旗 Ālāshàn Zuǒ Qí 173,494 80,412 2.15
Alxa Right Banner ᠠᠯᠠᠱᠠ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Alaša Baraɣun qosiɣu)
阿拉善右旗 Ālāshàn Yòu Qí 25,430 72,556 0.35
Ejin Banner ᠡᠵᠡᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Ejen-e qosiɣu)
额济纳旗 Éjìnà Qí 32,410 114,606 0.28

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haner, Josh, et al. (24 October 2016). Living in China's Expanding Deserts, The New York Times

See also[edit]

External links[edit]