1 August 1867|
|Died||14 September 1936(aged 69)|
|Alma mater||University of Montpellier|
|Known for||Viral theory of cancer
Borrel studied natural sciences at the University of Montpellier, where he earned his degree in 1890. From 1892 to 1895, Borrel worked in the laboratory of Ilya Ilyich Metchnikoff (1845–1916) at the Pasteur Institute in Paris. Here he performed research of tuberculosis, and with Alexandre Yersin (1863–1943) and Léon Charles Albert Calmette (1863–1933), he worked on a vaccine against bubonic plague. With Yersin and Calmette, he co-published the treatise Le microbe de la peste à bubons concerning the plague bacillus. He is also credited for pioneer investigations on the viral theory of cancer.
A genus of bacteria called Borrelia is named after him, as is borreliosis (i.e., Lyme disease). Moreover, "Borrel bodies", which are tiny virus-containing granules that cluster to form "Bollinger bodies", are found in tissue cells of fowlpox. (Bollinger bodies are named after German pathologist Otto Bollinger [1843–1909]).
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