Amélie Oksenberg Rorty
|Born||May 20, 1932|
|Died||September 18, 2020|
|Alma mater||University of Chicago|
|Institutions||Wheaton College, Rutgers - Douglass College, Brandeis University, Boston University, Harvard School of Medicine, Tufts University|
|Philosophy of mind, emotion, moral philosophy, history of philosophy, Aristotle, Spinoza, Descartes, literary criticism, art criticism|
Amélie Oksenberg Rorty was a Belgian-born American philosopher known for her work in the philosophy of mind (in particular on the emotions), history of philosophy (especially Aristotle, Spinoza and Descartes), and moral philosophy.
Rorty received her B.A. from the University of Chicago in 1951, M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Yale University in 1954 and 1961 respectively, and an M.A. from Princeton University in anthropology (where she has projected getting a second Ph.D.). She began her academic career at Wheaton College (Mass.) (1957–1961), then began teaching at Rutgers (Douglass College) in 1962 and taught there through to 1988, by which time she had achieved the rank of distinguished professor. She was also professor in the history of ideas (and director of the program) at Brandeis University from 1995–2003, and from 2008–2013 was visiting professor at Boston University. As of 2013[update] , she was a visiting professor at Tufts University. She was also a lecturer in the Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard School of Medicine. Rorty was the recipient of numerous awards and fellowships over the course of her career: Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Studies (1968-1969), King's College, Cambridge (1971-1973), Institute for Advanced Study (1980-1981), John Simon Guggenheim (1990-1991), Woodrow Wilson Center (1994-1995), and the National Humanities Center (2007-2008).
Rorty has primarily worked on problems in moral psychology and moral education. She is especially interested in the many distinctive –-and often conflicting—functions of morality as a social practice, as it sets prohibitions, projects ideals, defines duties, characterizes virtues. Exploring the dark side of some of the virtues—courage as bravado, integrity as moral narcissism, the ambivalence of love--, she has also analyzed the advantages of resistance to the obligations of morality: the benefits of self-deception, the lures of moral weakness, the wisdom of ambivalence, the hidden rationale of allegedly irrational emotions. She approaches many of these issues historically (through Aristotle, Spinoza, Hume and Freud) and anthropologically (projecting a study of exiles, immigrants, and refugees who perforce absorb a new set of 'moral' values.) She is presently finishing a book provisionally entitled On the Other Hand: The Ethics of Ambivalence.
Rorty is the author of over 120 scholarly articles and the author or editor of more than a dozen scholarly books of original essays. A monograph, Mind in Action: Essays in Philosophy of Mind, was published by Beacon Press in 1988 (paperback edition 1991). She also edited and contributed to Explaining Emotions (U. California Press, 1980), Essays on Aristotle's Ethics (1980, U.California Press), and co-edited Essays on Aristotle's De Anima (Oxford, 1992) with Martha Nussbaum. She initiated and served as general editor of Modern Studies in Philosophy (Doubleday-Anchor) and of Major Thinkers (University of California Press). Other notable books she edited include The Many Faces of Evil (Routledge, 2001), The Identities of Persons (1976, U. California Press) and The Many Faces of Philosophy (Oxford, 2000).
Oksenberg Rorty, daughter of Polish Jews Klara and Israel Oksenberg, was born in Belgium and emigrated with her parents to Virginia, where she was raised on a farm. She enrolled at a young age at the University of Chicago, and went on to pursue a doctorate at Yale, where she married Richard Rorty, a fellow graduate student. They had a son, Jay, and divorced in 1972. She wrote about her upbringing in "Dependency, Individuality and Work." and in "A Philosophic Travelogue," The Dewey Lecture, American Philosophical Association, Proceedings and Addresses, vol. 88, 2014.
Additional awards and fellowships
- 1971–1973, Fellow, King's College, Cambridge
- 1984–1985, Visiting Honorary Research Associate, Philosophy, Harvard University
- 1980–1981, Member, Institute for Advanced Study
- 1990–1991, John Simon Guggenheim Fellow
- 1994–1995, Woodrow Wilson Center Fellow
- 2001–2002, Distinguished Woman Philosopher of the Year, Society for Women in Philosophy
- 2007–2008, Fellow, National Humanities Center
- Boler, Megan (June 1997). "Disciplined Emotions: Philosophies of Educated Feelings". Educational Theory. 47 (2): 208. doi:10.1111/j.1741-5446.1997.00203.x.
- Weller, Cass (17 June 2003). "Review of Martha C. Nussbaum and Amélie Oksenberg Rorty (eds.), Essays on Aristotle's De Anima". Bryn Mawr Classical Review. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Sharp, Hasana (2010). "Oppositional Ideas, Not Dichotomous Thinking: Reply to Rorty". Political Theory. 38 (1): 142–147. doi:10.1177/0090591709348876. S2CID 145544719.[permanent dead link]
- Rorty, Amélie (1986). Essays on Descartes'" Meditations". University of California Press. ISBN 978-0520055094.
- McCloskey, Deirdre (2003). "Why Economists Should Not Be Ashamed of Being the Philosophers of Prudence". Eastern Economic Journal. 4. 28. Retrieved 28 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Leiter, Brian. "Amelie Rorty to be Visiting Professor at Tufts for 2013-15". Leiter Reports: A Philosophy Blog. Retrieved 28 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Personal Homepage". 2008-03-07. Retrieved 28 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Curriculum Vitae" (PDF). Retrieved 28 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Faculty Page". Boston University. Retrieved 28 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Rorty publishes on ambivalence, education, and other topics". Department of Global Health and Public Medicine. 31 March 2010. Archived from the original on 7 July 2010. Retrieved 28 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "American Philosophy excluding Pragmatism". John Gach Books. Retrieved 28 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Guide to the Richard Rorty Papers MS.C.017". UC Irvine, Critical Theory Archive, Online Archive of California. MS.C.017.
- Sanford, John (June 11, 2007). "Richard M. Rorty, distinguished public intellectual, dead at 75". Stanford Report. Retrieved 28 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Ruddick, Sara (ed.) (1977). Working It Out: 23 Women Writers, Artists, Scientists, and Scholars Talk About Their Lives and Work. New York: Pantheon Books. pp. 38–54. ISBN 978-0394409368.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)