Amílcar Cabral International Airport

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Amílcar Cabral International Airport
Aeroporto Internacional Amílcar Cabral
GVAC SID.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Aeroportos Seguranca Aera (ASA)
Serves Espargos
Location Sal, Cape Verde
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 54 m / 177 ft
Coordinates 16°44′33″N 022°56′53″W / 16.74250°N 22.94806°W / 16.74250; -22.94806Coordinates: 16°44′33″N 022°56′53″W / 16.74250°N 22.94806°W / 16.74250; -22.94806
Website www.asa.cv.
Map
SID is located in Cape Verde
SID
SID
Location in Cape Verde
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01/19 3,272 10,735 Paved
07/25 1,500 4,921 Paved
Statistics (2011)
Passengers 576,323[1]
Sources: World Aero Data[2]

Amílcar Cabral International Airport (IATA: SIDICAO: GVAC), also known as Sal International Airport or Amílcar Cabral Airport, is the main international airport of Cabo Verde. The airport is named after the revolutionary leader Amílcar Cabral. It is located two km west-southwest from Espargos on Sal Island. Sal was the main hub for the national airline, TACV; now it serves as a base for carriers Cabo Verde Express, and Halcyonair.

History[edit]

The first airport on Sal Island was built in 1939 by Italy, as a fuel and provisions stopping-point on routes from Rome to South America. One of the airport's architects for the terminal and its facilties was engineer Raul Pires Ferreira Chaves who was Public Works for Cape Verde. The first flight, an arrival from Rome and Seville, was on 15 December 1939. Not longer after in 1940, the project was stopped due to Italy's involvement in World War II. In 1947, the Portuguese colonial government purchased the airport from Italian interests. In 1950, DC-4 service on Alitalia began on a Rome —- Sal —- Buenos Aires —- Caracas route. In 1961 jet service (a DC-8) on the route rendered the stop at Sal unnecessary, and international service was suspended.

Between 1960 and 1967 Sal was a stop of the Voo da amizade (Friendship Flight), a dedicated service between Brazil and Portugal. It was operated from 1960 to 1965 by Panair do Brasil and from 1965 to 1967 by TAP-Transportes Aéreos Portugueses and Varig. Only Brazilian and Portuguese citizens or foreigners with permanent residence in Brazil or Portugal could purchase tickets for those flights, which were extremely popular due to their low fares. At this time, Cape Verde was a Portuguese Overseas Province and therefore part of the territory of Portugal.

From 1963 to 1975, the Portuguese Air Force's No 1 Transit Airfield (AT1, Aeródromo de Trânsito n.º 1) was installed in the Sal airport. The AT1 supported the military air connections between European Portugal and the Portuguese African provinces, as well as serving as the operational base for the maritime patrol aircraft occasionally deployed in Cape Verde.

In 1967, Sal was used again as a refueling stop, this time by South African Airways, for flights to and from Europe, since SAA was denied landing rights by most African countries due to the international boycott of apartheid, SAA would no longer serve in around 1993. Later, Cubana and Aeroflot used Sal for refueling and passenger flights.

In 1983, South African Airlines was using the airport as a refueling stop for its Boeing 747SP service between South Africa and Houston Intercontinental Airport in the U.S.[3]

In 1985, TACV began service to Boston, Massachusetts using a McDonnell Douglas DC-10 provided by LAM Mozambique Airlines. Boston hosts the largest Cape Verdean community in the United States. TACV flights to Boston have since been shifted to Praia International Airport. Other international destinations include inter alia Amsterdam, Lisbon, Luxembourg, Madrid, Paris and Porto. Domestic destinations include Santiago and São Vicente.[4]

Until September 2005, it was the only airport in Cape Verde to serve international flights. South African Airways served two more flights with the United States with New York and Atlanta, SAA used the airport until July 1, 2006, its final flight was with Atlanta.

French President at the time Nicolas Sarkozy visited the airport as his technical stop, on his way to Brazil on 6 September and back to France on 8 September 2009.

In 2011, the airport served 576.323 passengers.[5]

With its modernization, the airport including its terminal, the airport was ranked in the first category of the United States Department of Transportation.

Facilities and transport[edit]

Terminal[edit]

Amílcar Cabral has one terminal. It is a two-story building containing check-in, waiting, and arrival areas, as well as shopping, banking, and passenger services. The second floor houses airport operations and airline offices. There are four gates, and buses (Cobus 3000s) are used to transport passengers to the aircraft stands.

The head office of Halcyonair is located in the first floor of the Concourse Hall.[6] In addition Cabo Verde Express has its head office in the Concourse Hall.[7] The duty-free shop is located after passport control but before security scanning, which only takes place as you enter the boarding lounge, which is shared for all four departure gates.

Runways[edit]

The airport's main runway is 3,272 m (10,734 ft) long and is the longest in Cape Verde. It is used for long-haul flights. It was also one of the designated emergency landing strips for the U.S. Space Shuttle.[8] The second runway is 1,500 m (4,921 ft) long and was used by small planes. It is now closed for traffic.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Inside the terminal at Sal Airport.
An225 Mriya, the world's largest aircraft, visiting Sal Airport.
Airlines Destinations
ASL Airlines France Seasonal: Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Binter Canarias Gran Canaria
Binter Canarias
operated by Binter CV
São Vicente, Praia, Boa Vista
Cabo Verde Express Boa Vista, Fogo, Maio, Praia, São Nicolau, São Vicente
Jet Time Charter: Aalborg, Billund
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg
Neos Milan-Malpensa, Rome-Fiumicino, Verona
Meridiana Bergamo
Seasonal: Milan-Malpensa
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Small Planet Airlines (Poland) Seasonal: Warsaw-Chopin, Manchester
SmartLynx Seasonal: Paris-Charles de Gaulle
TACV Boa Vista, Lisbon, Praia, São Nicolau, São Vicente
TAP Portugal Lisbon
Seasonal: Porto
Thomas Cook Airlines Seasonal: London-Gatwick, Manchester, Birmingham (begins 2 November 2017)
Thomas Cook Airlines Belgium Seasonal: Brussels
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia Seasonal: Stockholm-Arlanda, Gothenburg
Thomson Airways Birmingham, Bristol, Glasgow, London-Gatwick, Manchester
Transavia Seasonal: Amsterdam
Transavia France Seasonal: Paris-Orly
Travel Service Seasonal charter: Prague
Travel Service Polska Seasonal charter: Katowice, Warsaw-Chopin
Travel Service Slovakia Charter: Bratislava
TUI fly Belgium Brussels
Seasonal: Paris-Orly
Charter: Lyon, Lille
TUI fly Deutschland Cologne/Bonn, Hannover, Frankfurt, Munich
Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse, Düsseldorf, Nuremberg, Stuttgart
TUI fly Netherlands Amsterdam
TUI fly Nordic Charter: Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Gran Canaria, Helsinki, Stockholm-Arlanda, Oslo-Gardermoen
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona

Access[edit]

The airport is located on the west side of the road linking Espargos and Santa Maria, the island's main tourist destination. There is no scheduled public transport; taxis, shared cars known as "aluguer", and rental cars are available.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cabo Verde: Aumento de passageiros revela retoma do turismo. jornaldigital.com, retrieved 19 July 2015
  2. ^ Airport Information on World Aero Data
  3. ^ July 1, 1983 Worldwide Official Airline Guide (OAG) Houston (IAH) flight schedules, departedflights.com, retrieved 2 October 2015
  4. ^ TACV Cabo Verde Airlines International routes, airlineroutemaps.com, retrieved 2 October 2015
  5. ^ Cabo Verde: Aumento de passageiros revela retoma do turismo. jornaldigital.com, retrieved 19 July 2015
  6. ^ "Contacts." Halcyonair. Retrieved on 14 December 2011.
  7. ^ "Contact Us." Cabo Verde Express. Retrieved on 14 December 2011.
  8. ^ Space Shuttle Emergency Landing Sites

External links[edit]

Media related to Amílcar Cabral International Airport at Wikimedia Commons