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For the city in Japan, see Amagi, Fukuoka.
ama-gi4 𒂼𒄄 written in Classical Sumerian cuneiform.

Ama-gi is a Sumerian word (written ama-gi4 𒂼𒄄, also ama-ar-gi4) meaning, literally translated, "return to the mother," and used to refer to "The restoration of persons and property to their original status" including the remission of debts.[1] Assyriologist Samuel Noah Kramer has identified it as the first known written reference to the concept of freedom. Referring to its literal meaning "return to the mother", he wrote in 1963 that "we still do not know why this figure of speech came to be used for "freedom.""[2]

A number of Libertarian organizations have adopted the cuneiform glyph as a symbol. It is used as a logo by the Instituto Político para la Libertad of Peru,[3] and another version is a trademarked logo of the Libertarian publishing firm, Liberty Fund.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Karen Radner, Eleanor Robson, ed. (2011). The Oxford Handbook of Cuneiform Culture. Oxford University Press. pp. 208–209. ISBN 978-0199557301. 
  2. ^ Kramer, Samuel Noah (1963). The Sumerians: Their History, Culture, and Character. University of Chicago Press. p. 79. ISBN 0226452387. 
  3. ^ "Instituto Politico para la Libertad – Inicio". Archived from the original on 31 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  4. ^ "Trademark Electronic Search System". United States Patent and Trademark Office. Retrieved 2012-11-16.