|Opera by Jules Massenet|
|Based on||Amadis de Gaula
by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo
|Premiere||1 April 1922
Opéra de Monte Carlo
Amadis is an opera in three acts with prologue by Jules Massenet to a French libretto by Jules Claretie based on the Spanish knight-errantry romance Amadis de Gaula, originally of Portuguese origin, by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo.
It was first performed at the Opéra de Monte-Carlo on 1 April 1922, nearly ten years after Massenet's death. Massenet had started to compose the piece in 1895 but shelved it and completed it clandestinely in the last years of his life. Amadis is one of three operas by Massenet to have been premiered posthumously; the others are Panurge (1913) and Cléopâtre (1914).
|Role||Voice type||Premiere cast, 1 April 1922
(Conductor: Léon Jehin)
|Amadis||contralto||"Djéma Vécla" (Margherita Grandi)|
|Le Roi Raimbert||bass||Gustave Huberdeau|
|Wenzel of Norway||tenor||Charles Delmas|
|Zorzi of Sicily||tenor||Carlo Bertossa|
|Curneval of Thuringe||tenor||Sini|
|Perdigon of Ireland||baritone||Ceresole|
|Arnaud of Aquitaine||baritone||Amurgis|
|Golias of Spain||baritone||Morange|
|Amadis and Galaor as children||mute||Rosa Brothers|
The story takes place in ancient Brittany and concerns the brothers Amadis and Galaor, separated at birth. Amadis kills Galaor in the final scene in a duel over the princess Floriane. When Amadis discovers magic stones around Galaor's neck identical to those given to him and his long lost brother by their dying mother, he realizes it is his brother he has killed.
- Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). "Amadis, 1 April 1922". Almanacco Amadeus (Italian).