Amalarius of Metz

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Amalarius of Metz (c. 780-850), also known as Amalarius Symphosius or Amalarius Fortunatus, was a liturgist and a partisan of Louis the Pious throughout his tumultuous reign.

In 831, Amalarius travelled to Rome to meet Pope Gregory IV and arrange a new Frankish liturgy. In 835, he replaced Agobard at the Synod of Diedenhofen. During Agobard's exile (c. 834) he was responsible for administering the Diocese of Lyon.[1] He implemented liturgical reforms.

He wrote extensively on the Mass,[2] including the Liber officialis, and was involved in the great medieval debates regarding predestination.

We must rely on his enemy, Florus of Lyon, for an account of Amalarius' condemnation on the accusation of heresy at Quierzy, 838.,[3] which banned some of his works. Nevertheless, his writings form a good portion of our current documentation of the ninth century liturgies of the Western Church.

While the exact date of his death is not known, it is believed that it happened around 850 in Metz.


  1. ^ Eric Palazzo, 'Amalarius of Metz', in André Vauchez, ed, Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages, (2002)
  2. ^ On the Liturgy, ed. Eric Knibbs, 2 vols. (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2014)
  3. ^ Eleanor Shipley Duckett, Carolingian Portraits: A Study in the Ninth Century (Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1962.

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.