Operation Amalgam Virgo is a CINCNORAD joint task counter-terrorist and field training exercise (FTX) carried out in Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida on early June 2001. NORAD sponsored the multi-agency planning exercise involving the hypothetical scenario of a cruise missile or UAV launched by a terrorist group. Osama bin Laden was pictured on the cover of the proposal for the exercise. Key military players involved in the exercise also included personnel from the 1st Air Force battalion, the U.S. National Guard, the U.S. Reserve forces, and the U.S. Navy.
Several naval ships including the USS Yorktown and the Navy Aegis cruiser were dispatched to the Gulf of Mexico as part of the multi-service anti-cruise missile operation. Military land personnel from the 1st Air Force also engaged in gathering radar information on low-level targets by using the Joint-Based Expeditionary Connectivity Center (JBECC), a mobile shelter capable of being deployed to high-risk regions while providing early warning signals on cruise missile attacks.
- John Pike. "Exercises - NORAD / Northern Command". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2013-04-02.
- Quote: TERRORIST GROUP ACQUIRES CM'S/UAV'S (page 17, pdf file)
- http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/amalgam-virgo.htm - Overview | Operation Amalgam Virgo
- http://www.ratical.org/ratville/CAH/linkscopy/AmalgumVirgo.pdf - SEADS concept proposal for Amalgam Virgo, June 2001 | PDF
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