Amalgamated Weavers' Association

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Amalgamated Weavers' Association
Founded 1884
Date dissolved 1974
Merged into Amalgamated Textile Workers' Union
Members 224,000 (1921)
Affiliation TUC, GFTU, UTFWA
Country United Kingdom

The Amalgamated Weavers' Association, often known as the Weavers' Amalgamation, was a trade union in the United Kingdom. Initially, it operated in competition with the North East Lancashire Amalgamated Weavers' Association in part of its area, and it was therefore nicknamed the Second Amalgamation.[1]

The union was founded in 1884 as the Northern Counties Amalgamated Association of Weavers,[2] with the participation of thirty-four local trade unions:[3]

Location Founded Affiliated Notes
Accrington 1858 1884
Ashton 1877 1884
Bacup  ?  ?
Bamber Bridge 1884 1884 Disappeared by 1940
Blackburn 1854 1884
Bolton 1865 1884
Burnley 1870 1884 Merged into Burnley & Nelson in 1966
Bury 1884  ?
Chorley  ? 1884
Church 1858 1884
Clayton  ? 1884
Clitheroe by 1860 1884 Disappeared by 1940
Colne 1879 1884
Darwen 1857 1884
Glossop  ?  ? Merged into Hyde in 1922
Harwood 1858 1884
Haslingden by 1858 1884 Merged into Rossendale in 1961
Heywood 1877 1884
Hyde 1880 1884
Longridge 1878 1884 Dissolved 1964
Macclesfield  ? 1884 Disappeared by 1940
Manchester  ?  ?
Nelson 1870 1884 Merged into Burnley & Nelson in 1966
Oldham by 1859 1884
Padiham 1856 1884
Preston 1858 1884
Radcliffe 1852  ? Merged into Bury in 1911
Ramsbottom  ? 1884
Rishton 1878 1884
Rochdale 1878 1884
Rossendale 1873  ?
Sabden  ? 1884
Skipton 1902  ?
Stockport Unknown 1884
Todmorden 1880 1884
Whitworth 1882 1884 Merged into Rochdale in 1935
Wigan 1890 1893

The majority of the union's members were female: in 1894, 45,000 of its 80,000 total membership were women. This was unusual; outside the cotton industry, very few women were members of trade unions.[4] By 1937, membership had risen to 94,000, and the proportion of women had grown further, to a total of 75,000 of its members.[3]

For many years, the union campaigned against the practice of steaming in cotton mills.[5][6]

The union took its final name in 1923. In 1974, it merged with the National Union of Textile and Allied Workers to form the Amalgamated Textile Workers' Union.[2]

Notable leaders of the union include secretary Thomas Birtwistle and president David Shackleton.

General Secretaries[edit]

1884: Thomas Birtwistle
1885: William Henry Wilkinson
1906: Joseph Cross
1925: John C. Parker
1927: Andrew Naesmith
1953: Lewis Wright
1968: Harry Kershaw
1971: Fred Hague

Presidents[edit]

1884: David Holmes
1906: David Shackleton
1911: John William Ogden
1930: James Hindle
1937: James Bell
1947: Carey Hargreaves
1949: Lewis Wright
1954: Harold Bradley
1960: Ernest Thornton
1964: Fred Hague

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ross M. Martin, The Lancashire Giant: David Shackleton, Labour Leader and Civil Servant, p.22
  2. ^ a b "Amalgamated Weavers' Association", Archives Hub
  3. ^ a b Mary Agnes Hamilton, Women at Work: A Brief Introduction to Trade Unionism for Women, p.117
  4. ^ Ross M. Martin, The Lancashire Giant: David Shackleton, Labour Leader and Civil Servant, p.20
  5. ^ Fowler, Alan (2003). Lancashire Cotton Operatives and Work,1900-1950: A social history of Lancashire cotton operatives in the twentieth century. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0 7546 01161. 
  6. ^ Hopwood, Edwin (1969). A History of the Lancashire Cotton Industry and the Amalgamated Weavers' Association. Manchester: The Amalgamated Weavers' Association.