Amalia of Cleves
Amalia of Cleves (German: Amalia von Kleve-Jülich-Berg; 17 October 1517, Düsseldorf – 1 March 1586, Düsseldorf) was a princess from the House of Von der Mark. She was the youngest child of John III, Duke of Cleves, and his wife Maria von Jülich.
Amalia and her two sisters, Sibylle and Anne, had an old-fashioned education, where singing and reading were not taught, but cooking, weaving or other household chores were emphasized. Furthermore the small German court followed the Italian fashion which was common in noble families at the time.
Hans Holbein the Younger painted Amalia and Anne for the freshly widowed King Henry VIII of England in 1539, because he was considering making one of them his fourth wife. After seeing both paintings, Henry chose Anne and they were married in 1540. In the following years, Amalia's family tried to marry her off with as much profit as possible. There were long negotiations with the Margraviate of Baden concerning a strategical marriage between the two dynasties which came to no conclusion.
- Storybook about the history of the women of Cleves. (Projectgroup Womengroup of the adult education center Cleves), Cleves 2004. (German: Lesebuch zur Geschichte der Klever Frauen. (Projektgruppe Frauengruppe der VHS Kleve))
- Land in the middle of the forces: The united dukedoms Jülich, Cleves, Berg. Cleves 1985. (German: Land im Mittelpunkt der Mächte: Die vereinigten Herzogtümer Jülich, Kleve, Berg.)
- At the time, the area was in the Duchy of Berg.