The Amalienburg is an elaborate hunting lodge on the grounds of the Nymphenburg Palace Park, Munich, in southern Germany. It was designed by François de Cuvilliés in Rococo style and constructed between 1734 and 1739 for Elector Karl Albrecht and later Holy Roman Emperor Charles VII and his wife, Maria Amalia of Austria.
Most of the ground floor is given over to the round Hall of Mirrors in the center of the building, which mirrored walls reflect the external nature. It was designed by Johann Baptist Zimmermann and Joachim Dietrich (1690–1753). It creates an ethereal atmosphere in the Bavarian national colors of silver and blue.
In the south of the hall, the door leads to the electoral Rest Room and the Blue Cabinet, with access to the privy chamber. The Rest Room was the bedroom of the Electress, and the pavilion also accommodates an armoury and a kennel room for the hunting dogs in the Blue Cabinet.
North from the Hall of Mirrors is the entrance to the Pheasant Room and the Hunting Room. The Pheasant Room is bordering the kitchen. The kitchen is decorated with precious tiles from Delft which when being laid were mixed up by workers in the wrong order. The blue and white tiles in a Chinese style show flowers and birds. The Castrol stove (1735) built for the kitchen is a masonry construction with several fireholes covered by perforated iron plates. It is also known as a stew stove and was the first design that completely enclosed the fire.
In the central niche of the eastern facade is a stucco sculpture by Johann Baptist Zimmermann, representing a scene with the hunting goddess Diana. The presentation introduces the image program in all facilities of the building. The attic was derived from 1737, also manufactured to a design by Zimmermann, with decorative vases which disappeared at an unknown date. In 1992, they were recreated and designed by Hans Geiger: four adorn the entrance facade, twelve the garden side of the Amalienburg.
A platform with ornate lattice, which is fitted to the building in the center of the roof, served as a raised hide for pheasant hunting: the birds were driven to the Amalienburg from the former pheasant (now menagerie) building. Since the castle could be supplied by the kitchen of Nymphenburg Palace, the Amalienburg lacks private farm buildings in contrast to the two other park pavilions.
- Joanna Banham (May 1997). Encyclopedia of Interior Design. Routledge. pp. 359–. ISBN 978-1-136-78758-4.
- James Stevens Curl; Susan Wilson (2015). The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture. Oxford University Press. pp. 95–. ISBN 978-0-19-967498-5.
- "CUVILLIÉS, François de, the Elder - Interior view". Web Gallery of Art. Retrieved December 28, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "François Cuvilliés (1695–1768) - Die Amalienburg". Süddeutscher Barock. Retrieved December 28, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)