|Born||July 26, 1928|
Qualla Boundary, North Carolina
|Died||September 27, 2004 (aged 76)|
|Education||School of the Art Institute of Chicago|
|Known for||Wood carving|
Amanda Crowe (July 16, 1928 – September 27, 2004) was an Eastern Band Cherokee woodcarver and educator from Cherokee, North Carolina. A graduate of the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, her work has been widely exhibited and is held by a number of museums. Crowe dedicated much of her career to teaching and training the next generation of Eastern Cherokee artists.
Crowe was born on July 16, 1928, in the Qualla Boundary, North Carolina. By the age of four, she had decided to become an artist. Of her childhood, Amanda said: "Every spare minute was spent in carving or studying anything available concerning art ... " At the age of eight, she was already selling her carvings.
Both of Crowe's parents died when she was very young. By the time she reached high school, her foster mother arranged for her to stay in Chicago, where she graduated from Hyde Park High School and attended the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (SAIC). She earned the John Quincy Adams fellowship for foreign study in 1952, and she chose to study sculpture with Jose De Creeft at the Instituto Allende in San Miguel de Allende, Mexico. Crowe also earned her Master of Fine Arts degree from SAIC that year.
Art and teaching career
In 1953, the Cherokee Historical Association invited Crowe back to North Carolina to teach studio art at Cherokee High School, where her uncle Goingback Chiltoskey was already teaching. She set up a studio in the Paint Town community and taught wood carving for almost four decades to over 2,000 students.
Her sculptures were often animal figures, and she was particularly known for her expressive bears. Her work is streamlined, highly stylized, and smoothly carved. She also worked with stone and clay, but wood was her favorite medium, and she carved with local woods such as wild cherry, buckeye, and black walnut.
Public collections that own her work include the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, the United States Department of the Interior, and the National Museum of the American Indian. She has exhibited her work in such museums as the Art Institute of Chicago, the Atlanta Art Museum, the Denver Art Museum, the Mint Museum of Art in Charlotte, the Asheville Art Museum, and venues in Germany and the United Kingdom. Among many awards, Crowe won the North Carolina Folk Heritage Award in 2000.
She also illustrated the book Cherokee Legends and the Trail of Tears, first published in 1956 and reprinted several times since.
Death and legacy
- Krause, Bonnie J. (Spring–Summer 2012). "Passing on the Ancestors' Traditions: Amanda Crowe, Woodcarver and Teacher". North Carolina Folklore Journal. 59 (1): 59–71.
- "Amanda Crowe". Women in Western North Carolina. Ramsey Library. 2009-05-02. Archived from the original on 2009-05-02.
- "Historic Artist – Amanda Crowe". blueridgeheritage.com. Blue Ridge National Heritage Area.
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- Cherokee Carvers: Tradition Renewed. Asheville Art Museum. 2009-05-01.
- Fariello, Anna (2013). "People: Amanda Crowe (1928–2004)". Cherokee Carvers: From the Hands of our Elders,.
- Cherokee Legends and the Trail of Tears. Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology. 1956.
- Georgiou, Aristos (2018-11-09). "Who Was Amanda Crowe? Legendary Cherokee Woodcarver Celebrated in Google Doodle". Newsweek. Retrieved 2018-11-09.
- "Celebrating Amanda Crowe". google.com. Retrieved 2018-11-09.
- Conley, Robert L. (2007). A Cherokee Encyclopedia. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. ISBN 978-0826339515.
- Leftwich, Rodney L. (1970). Arts and Crafts of the Cherokee. Cherokee, NC: Cherokee Publications. ISBN 978-0935741117.
- Power, Susan C. (2007). Art of the Cherokee: Prehistory to Present. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press. ISBN 978-0820327662.