Amanda Crowe was born on 16 July 1928 in the Qualla Boundary, North Carolina. By the age of four, she had decided to become an artist. Of her children [childhood?], Amanda said: "Every spare minute was spent in carving or studying anything available concerning art... " At the age of eight, she was already selling her carvings.
Both her parents died when Amanda was very young. By the time she reached high school, her foster mother arranged for her to stay in Chicago, where Amanda graduated from high school and attended the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. She then earned the John Quincy Adams fellowship for foreign study in 1952, and she chose to study sculpture with Jose De Creeft at the Instituto Allende in San Miguel de Allende, Mexico. She ultimately earned her Master of Fine Arts degree from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago in 1952.
Art and teaching career
In 1953, the Cherokee Historical Association invited Amanda back to North Carolina to teach studio art at Cherokee High School, where her uncle Goingback Chiltoskey was already teaching. She kept that position for almost four decades and has taught wood carving to over 2000 students.
Her sculptures were often animal figures, and she was particularly known for her expressive bears. Her work is streamlined, highly stylized, and smoothly carved. She has worked with stone and clay, but wood has been her favorite media and she carved with local woods such as wild cherry, buckeye, and black walnut.
Her art is sometimes compared to the work of Willard Stone. Art scholar, Esther Bockhoff writes that Amanda Crowe was "undoubtedly one of the primary influences on the resurgence of Cherokee carving." Public collections that own her work include the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, the United States Department of the Interior, and the National Museum of the American Indian. Among many awards, Amanda won the North Carolina Folk Heritage Award in 2000. She has exhibited her work in museums such as the Art Institute of Chicago, the Atlanta Art Museum, the Denver Art Museum, the Mint Museum of Art in Charlotte, the Asheville Art Museum, and venues in Germany and the United Kingdom.
She also illustrated the book, Cherokee Legends and the Trail of Tears, first published in 1956 and reprinted several times since.
Amanda died in 2004. Many of the contemporary Eastern Band Cherokee sculptors today have studied under her.
- Amanda Crowe. Ramsey Library: Women in Western North Carolina. (retrieved 1 May 2009)
- Power, 184
- Leftwich, 93
- Conley, 77
- Leftwich, 101-2
- Power, 156
- Power, 185
- Cherokee Carvers: Tradition Renewed. Asheville Art Museum. (retrieved 1 May 2009)
- Cherokee Legends and the Trail of Tears. Abe Books. (retrieved 1 May 2009)
- Conley, Robert L. A Cherokee Encyclopedia. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0-8263-3951-5.
- Leftwich, Rodney L. Arts and Crafts of the Cherokee. Cherokee, NC: Cherokee Publications, 1970. ISBN 0-935741-11-9.
- Power, Susan C. Art of the Cherokee: Prehistory to Present. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0-8203-2766-2