Amanda L. Aikens
Amanda L. Aikens (May 12, 1833 - May 20, 1892) was an American editor and philanthropist.
In 1887, she began to edit the "Woman's World", a department in her husband's paper, the Evening Wisconsin. During the Civil War, she was one of the noted women workers, and it was through her public appeals that the question of the national soldiers' homes was agitated. She raised money in Wisconsin for the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in Baltimore, for the purpose of having women admitted on equal terms with men. She took an active interest in all charity and educational work in her state. Aikens was instrumental in founding the Wisconsin Industrial School for Girls, and was a member of the Humane Society, the Woman's Club, and the Athenaeum.
Early life and education
Amanda L. Barnes was born in North Adams, Massachusetts, May 12, 1833. Her father's name was Asahel Richardson Barnes. Her mother's maiden name was Mary Whitcomb Slocum. Aikens was reared under deeply religious influences. Much of her education was received in Maplewood Institute, Pittsfield, Massachusetts.
She married Andrew Jackson Aikens, January 4, 1854. They lived in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where for many years, she was a leader in local charities, church work and efforts for the intellectual development of women. They had four children, including Mary Lydia Aikens, and Stella Cramer, a poet of wide reputation.
In November, 1887, Aikens began to edit "The Woman's World", a special department of The Evening Wisconsin, of which her husband was one of the proprietors, published in Milwaukee. Up to that time, she was best known for her active interest in, and intimate connection with, numerous benevolent societies. She was at one time president of the Board of Local Charities and Corrections, two years president of the Woman's Club of Milwaukee, two years chairman of the Art Committee, and served as vice-president of the Wisconsin Industrial School for Girls, and for ten years the chairman of its executive committee.
During the Civil War, she was an indefatigable worker. It was she who made the public appeals and announcements through the press when the question of a National Soldiers' Home was agitated. In the History of Milwaukee, published in 1881, there is a long account of her work helping the injured during the Civil War.
She traveled extensively in Europe, and her newspaper letters were art criticisms of a high order. She was one of the most enthusiastic and successful of those who raised money in Wisconsin for the Johns Hopkins Medical School in Baltimore, for the purpose of admitting women on equal terms with men. She helped largely in organizing the first Woman's Republican Club of Wisconsin,  and was a State delegate to the National Conference of Charities when it met in Baltimore. In 1891, she read a paper before the State Conference of Charities in Madison, Wisconsin.
Aikens had much to do with the introduction of cooking into the public schools of Milwaukee. She was identified for fifteen years as an officer or director with the Art Science Class, a literary organization, for the purpose of developing a taste in architecture, painting, sculpture, and science. One-hundred-fifty women belonged to this class, and it did more for the direct education of women in the arts and sciences than any other institution in the State.
Aikens contracted influenza in January of 1892, but although sick in bed, she continued to conduct the editorial department until three weeks before her death. She died at her home in Milwaukee, May 20, 1892, after the long illness.
- Logan 1912, p. 528.
- "Mrs. Aikens Dead. The Wife of the Editor of the Evening Wisconsin Passes Away". Newspapers.com. Grand Rapids, Wisconsin: Wood County Reporter. 26 May 1892. p. 6. Retrieved 2 September 2019.
- Willard & Livermore 1893, p. 10.
- Campbell 1902, p. 617.
- Willard & Livermore 1893, p. 11.
- Herringshaw 1904, p. 27.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Campbell, John A. (1902). A Biographical History, with Portraits, of Prominent Men of the Great West. (Public domain ed.). Western biographical and engraving Company.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herringshaw, Thomas William (1904). Herringshaw's Encyclopedia of American Biography of the Nineteenth Century: Accurate and Succinct Biographies of Famous Men and Women in All Walks of Life who are Or Have Been the Acknowledged Leaders of Life and Thought of the United States Since Its Formation ... (Public domain ed.). American Publishers' Association.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Logan, Mrs. John A. (1912). The Part Taken by Women in American History (Public domain ed.). Perry-Nalle publishing Company.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Willard, Frances Elizabeth; Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice (1893). A Woman of the Century: Fourteen Hundred-seventy Biographical Sketches Accompanied by Portraits of Leading American Women in All Walks of Life (Public domain ed.). Charles Wells Moulton.