Amandla (album)

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Amandla (album).jpg
Studio album by Miles Davis
Released May 18, 1989
Recorded December 1988 – early 1989
Genre Jazz fusion
Length 43:28
Label Warner Bros.
Producer Tommy LiPuma, Marcus Miller, George Duke
Miles Davis chronology
Music from Siesta
Professional ratings
Review scores
Allmusic4/5 stars[1]
Down Beat4/5 stars[2]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music3/5 stars[3]
Los Angeles Times3.5/5 stars[4]
MusicHound Jazz2/5[5]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide3/5 stars[6]

Amandla is an album by jazz musician Miles Davis, released in 1989. It is the third collaboration between Miles Davis and producer/bassist Marcus Miller, after Tutu (1986) and Music from Siesta (1987), and their final album together. The album mixes elements of the genres go-go, zouk, funk and jazz, combining electronic instruments with live musicians. The composition "Mr. Pastorius", featuring drummer Al Foster, is a tribute to late jazz bassist Jaco Pastorius.[7] "Catémbe" is a Mozambican and Angolan cocktail of red wine and cola.

Critical reception[edit]

In a contemporary review, Down Beat said Amandla possessed "a precise and consistent sound that flows through the shifting instrumental combinations and lingers after the music has stopped".[2] In The Rolling Stone Album Guide (2004), J. D. Considine felt the record sounded "vaguely African" and somewhat conservative because of its reliance on session musicians.[6]

Track listing[edit]

All tracks were composed by Marcus Miller, except where indicated.

  1. "Catémbe" – 5:35
  2. "Cobra" (George Duke) – 5:15
  3. "Big Time" – 5:40
  4. "Hannibal" – 5:49
  5. "Jo-Jo" – 4:51
  6. "Amandla" – 5:20
  7. "Jilli" (John Bigham) – 5:05
  8. "Mr. Pastorius" – 5:41


  • Producers – Tommy LiPuma, Marcus Miller and George Duke (# 2), John Bigham (# 7)
  • Executive producer – Miles Davis
  • Recording engineers – Eric Calvi (at Clinton Recording, New York), Bruce Miller (at Right Track Recording, New York), Eric Zobler (# 2 at George Duke's Le Gonks West, Hollywood), plus additional recording by ad
  • Mixing engineer – Bill Schnee (at Bill Schnee Studios)
  • Mastering – Doug Sax (at The Mastering Lab)
  • Cover art – Miles Davis and Jo Gelbard


  1. ^ Yanow, Scott. "Review: Amandla". Allmusic. Retrieved 16 November 2009. 
  2. ^ a b Down Beat: 29. October 1989. 
  3. ^ Larkin, Colin (2011). "Miles Davis". Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 0857125958. 
  4. ^ Feather, Leonard (June 18, 1989). "Mixed Doubles in New Jazz Releases". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 22, 2016. 
  5. ^ Holtje, Steve; Lee, Nancy Ann, eds. (1998). "Miles Davis". MusicHound Jazz: The Essential Album Guide. Music Sales Corporation. ISBN 0825672538. 
  6. ^ a b Considine, J. D. (2004). "Miles Davis". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian. The Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon & Schuster. pp. 215, 219. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8. 
  7. ^

External links[edit]