Amanieu VII

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Coat of arms of the early lords of Albret.

Amanieu VII (sometimes VI) (? — after April 1272) was a French nobleman, the Lord of Albret (French: Seigneur d’Albret). The lordship (seigneurie) of Albret, in the Landes, gave its name to one of the most powerful feudal families of France in the Middle Ages. One of Amanieu's descendants became king of Navarre; a later descendant was Henry IV, king of France.[1]

Albret's reign was dominated by conflict over the English kings' control of Gascony. His father, also named Amanieu, was one of the leaders of the revolt against English rule.[2] After his father's death in 1255, Amanieu surrendered Milhau and its surrounding region to Prince Edward,[3] newly arrived to assert English control over the province.[4] His son, Amanieu VIII, became a staunch ally of the English and was a member of the Curia Regis during the reigns of both Edward I and Edward II of England.


Lord Amanieu VII was a son of Lord Amanieu VI and his first wife, Lady Assalide of Tartas (daughter of the nobleman Arnaud Raymond of Tartas).[3][5] The first spouse of Amanieu VII was Lady Viane of Gontaud, who later divorced him; however, according to an ecclesiastical judgment in 1272, Viane was later ordered to return to her husband Amanieu.[6][7] Amanieu’s second spouse was Lady Mathe of Bordeaux.[8][9] Amanieu VII and Viane had at least two children, whilst he and Mathe had more children:


  1. ^ Prinet 1911.
  2. ^ March, Frank Burr (1912). English rule in Gascony, 1199-1259 with Special Reference to the Towns. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Historical Studies. p. 129. 
  3. ^ a b Casarissa, Diego de Mora y (1855). Los héroes y las maravillas del mundo: Dios, la tierra y los hombres. Anales del mundo desde los tiempos biblicos hasta nuestros dias. 4. Libreria de J. Perez. p. 367 – via Google Books. 
  4. ^ Hardy, Sir Thomas Duffus (1869). Syllabus (in English) of the Documents Relating to England and Other Kingdoms: 1066-1377. Longmans, Green & Co. pp. 50–52 – via Google Books. 
  5. ^ ASSALIDE de Tartas. "m as his first wife, AMANIEU [VI] Seigneur d'Albret."
  6. ^ No record has been found which indicates how this matter was eventually resolved. She had been separated from her husband on the basis that Amanieu’s father had been her godfather.
  7. ^ Passier, H. & A. (1875). Trésor généalogique de Dom Villevieille (Paris) (“Dom Villevieille (Passier)”), Tome I, p. 185.
  8. ^ Le Grand Dictionnaire Historique Ou Le Mélange Curieux De L'Histoire Sacrée Et Profane: Qui Contient En Abregé L'Histoire Fabuleuse Des Dieux & des Heros de l'Antiquité Payenne, Les Vies Et Les Actions Remarquables Des Patriarches, des Juges, des Rois des Juifs, des Papes .... Mariette. 1725. p. 246 – via Google Books. 
  9. ^ Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the first testament of her husband Amanieu, dated 25 July 1262.
  10. ^ L'art de vérifier les dates des faits historiques, des chartes, des chroniques, et autres anciens monuments, depuis la naissance de Jésus-Christ,... De Saint-Allais. 1818. p. 35 – via Google Books. 
  11. ^ Lodge, Eleanor C. Gascony under English Rule. Kennikat Press: 1926.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainPrinet, Léon Jacques Maxime (1911). "Albret". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.