Amanita strobiliformis

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Amanita strobiliformis
Amanita solitaria1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Amanitaceae
Genus: Amanita
Species: A. strobiliformis
Binomial name
Amanita strobiliformis
(Paulet ex Vittad.) Bertill.

Amanita strobiliformis is a species of mushroom.

Description[edit]

The cap is 3 to 10 inches across, is rough with warts which sometimes fall away leaving the cap smooth, whitish, and sometimes has some brown. The gills are free and rounded behind. The veil is large and sometimes adhere to the margin of the cap. The stipe (stem) is 3 to 8 inches long, thick, white, bulbous, and sometimes weighs a pound. The spores are elliptical.[1]

Edibility[edit]

There are different views on if the species is edible or not.

Toxicity[edit]

In many sources this species is said to be harmless, but still then its edibility is doubted and uncertain.[1][2][3][4] So caution should be taken before consuming this fungus. It contains ibonetic acid or muscimol like Amanita muscaria and Amanita pantherina.[5][6]

Habitat[edit]

The species can be found in light woods or on the borders of the woods, usually by itself or in clusters.[3] The mushroom is rare.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b MclLVAINE, Charles; K. Macadam, Robert (1973). One Thousand American Fungi. Dover Publications, Inc. p. 19. 
  2. ^ New York Botanical Garden, Mycological Society of America (1910). Mycologia, Volume 2. New York Botanical Garden. p. 261. 
  3. ^ a b Taylor, Thomas (1897). Student's hand-book of mushrooms of America edible and poisonous, Issues 1-5. A. R. Taylor. p. 8. 
  4. ^ Chambers Coker, William (1917). The Amanitas of the Eastern United States. Elisha Mitchell Society. p. 74. 
  5. ^ Michael Edward Peterson, Patricia A. Talcott (2006). "61". Small animal toxicology (PDF). Missouri, United States: Elsevier Saunders. p. 869. ISBN 978-0-7216-0639-2. 
  6. ^ Ammirati Joseph F., Traquair James A.; Paul A. Horgen (1985). "11 (Ibonetic acid-muscimol)". Poisonous mushrooms of the northern United States and Canada (PDF). United States: University of Minnesota Press. p. 168. ISBN 0-8166-1407-5. In Japan, Amanita strobiliformis (Paulet ex Vittad.) Bertillon is reported to contain ibotenic acid (Benedict 1972) 
  7. ^ Joseph Berkeley, Miles (1860). Outlines of British fungology: containing characters of above a thousand species of Fungi, and a complete list of all that have been described as natives of the British Isles. L. Reeve. p. 90.