|Directed by||Shakti Samanta|
|Written by||Shaktipada Rajguru|
|Produced by||Shakti Samanta|
|Edited by||Bijoy Chowdhary|
|Music by||Shyamal Mitra|
|Distributed by||Shakti Films|
|Budget||₹8 lakh (equivalent to ₹1.9 crore or US$253,583.38 in 2020)|
|Box office||₹10 lakh (equivalent to ₹2.4 crore or US$316,979.23 in 2020)|
Amanush (transl. Inhuman) is a 1975 Indian action drama film made in both Hindi and Bengali languages, produced and directed by Shakti Samanta. The film stars Sharmila Tagore, Uttam Kumar, Utpal Dutt and Asit Sen. Both the versions were hits.
The Bengali version of the film achieved immense popularity amongst Bengalis and featured many memorable songs by Kishore Kumar like Bipinbabur Karansudha and Ki Asha-y Baandhi Khelaghar. Also, this film featured the Bengali film star Uttam Kumar at the height of his popularity and Utpal Dutt turned in a typically stellar performance as the villain.
The film was later remade in Telugu as Edureeta (1977), starring N.T. Rama Rao, in Malayalam as Ithaa Oru Manushyan and in Tamil as Thyagam, with Sivaji Ganesan. After Amanush, Samanta once again made another double version, Anand Ashram (1977), with the same lead actors, however, that film didn't do well at the box office.
"Amanush" (made simultaneously in Bengali and Hindi) to marvel at the scope of the man's histrionic capabilities. Kumar shines as Madhusudan Roy Chaudhary, or Madhu, a straightforward scion of a zamindar family settled in a fishing village in the Sunderbans. He reflects angst and anger with understated ease after his life is ripped asunder by the machinations of the family munim, Maheem Ghosal (a superlative performance by veteran Utpal Dutt). Reduced to a penniless drunkard, he is condemned to live the life of an amanush — half human, and half beast. As a debauched vagabond, he raises his voice on behalf of the downtrodden who suffer under the highhanded and corrupt Ghosal. This brings him face to face with the law enforcers, who are often hand in glove with the wily Ghosal.
It is in this backdrop that Inspector Bhuvan (Anil Chatterjee) lands in the village, where Ghosal ‘fills his ears’ against Madhu. Bhuvan, without going into merits of the case, acts harshly on Madhu, even whipping him at the police station. However, soon he comes to know the story of Madhu and his estranged love interest, Rekha (Sharmila Tagore).
In a flashback, Madhu tells him how he was entrapped in a fake case of theft in his own house, whereon his ailing paternal uncle, under the influence of the munim, handed him over to the police. He is also accused of fathering a child through a prostitute. Before he can prove his innocence the woman is abducted and killed at the behest of Ghosal. On completing his prison sentence, Madhu returns to his village, only to find that his uncle has been murdered by the munim, who shows it as a case of natural death.
Thereon, Bhuvan embarks on a mission to reform Madhu and gets him a contract for building a dam in an adjoining village. A determined Madhu, with his two sidekicks, completes the job commendably. He even wins back the confidence of Rekha, whom he saves from drunken streamer operators one night. But the ice is finally broken when the village is endangered by raging flood waters that threaten to breach the dam. All villagers persuade Madhu to take the mantle of saving the village, but he spurns them, blaming them for his misery. Finally, on a visit by Rekha he relents, and saves the dam and the village from havoc.
His honour is restored, as is his love interest. Ghosal is arrested for his wrongdoings by Bhuvan, even as he is transferred to a new posting.
- Uttam Kumar as Madhusudan Roy Chaudhary "Madhu"
- Sharmila Tagore as Lekha
- Prema Narayan as Dhanno
- Anil Chatterjee as Police Inspector Bhuvan Roy
- Utpal Dutt as Maheem Ghosal
- Abhi Bhattacharya as Dr. Anand
- Manmohan as Sanathan
- Asit Sen as Pujari
- Manik Dutt
- Tarun Ghosh as Padha
- Rajni Gupta
- Subroto Mahapatra as Jyoti
- Amol Sen as Constable
- Probir Roy
- "Dil Aisa Kisi Ne Mera Toda" - Kishore Kumar
- "Kal Ke Apne Na Jaane Kyun" - Kishore Kumar, Asha Bhosle
- "Tere Gaalonko Choomoon" - Kishore Kumar, Asha Bhosle
- "Ghum Ki Dawaa To Pyaar Hai" - Asha Bhosle
- "Na Puchho Koi Hamein" - Kishore Kumar
- "Nadiya Mein Lahre Naache" (title track) - Shyamal Mitra
- "Bipin Babur Karon Shudha" - Kishore Kumar
- "Jani Na Aj Je Apon" - Asha Bhosle
- "Jodi Hoi Chor Kata" - Kishore Kumar and Asha Bhosle
- "Ki Ashay Badhi Khelaghor" - Kishore Kumar
- "Na Na Omon Kore Daga Diye" - Asha Bhosle
- Best Playback Singer, Male - Kishore Kumar for "Dil Aisa Kisi Ne Mera Toda"
- Best Lyricist - Indeevar for "Dil Aisa Kisi Ne Mera Toda"
- Filmfare Special Award - Uttam Kumar
- Best Film
- Best Director - Shakti Samanta
- Best Actor - Uttam Kumar
- Best Supporting Actor - Utpal Dutt
- Best Supporting Actress - Prema Narayan
- Best Story - Shakti Prada Rajguru
- Best Playback Singer, Female - Asha Bhosle for "Kal Ke Apne"
- "Shakti Samanta was brave, never wanted to compromise: Filmmaker Prabhat Roy". cinestaan.com. 10 April 2018.
- APS Malhotra (22 August 2013). "Amanush (1975)". The Hindu.
- Nalin Mehta (2008). Television in India: Satellites, Politics and Cultural Change. Routledge. p. 155. ISBN 978-1134062133.
both Bengali and Hindi versions of Uttam Kumar Shramila Tagore all star Amanush (1975), made by ... were super hits. But Anand Ashram..failed
- "Watch: Kishore Kumar's Bengali hit 'Ki Ashay Bandhi Khelaghar' reimagined in 'Kishore Kumar Junior' Kumar Sanu has sung the Kishore Kumar song from the 1975 film 'Amanush', starring Uttam Kumar and Sharmila Tagore". scroll.in. 14 September 2018.