Amar Jyoti

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Amar Jyoti
Poster for Amar Jyoti (1936).jpg
Directed byV. Shantaram
Produced byPrabhat Film Company
Written byK. Narayan Kale
StarringDurga Khote
Chandra Mohan
Shanta Apte
Music byMaster Krishnarao
CinematographyV. Avadhoot
Prabhat Film Company
Release date
Running time
166 minutes
Amar Jyoti

Amar Jyoti (Eternal Flame) is a 1936 Hindi social, action adventure, drama film directed by V. Shantaram.[1][2] Produced by Prabhat Film Company and cited as a "noteworthy" film along with Shantaram's earlier Amrit Manthan (1934),[3] the film had actress Durga Khote performing one of her most "memorable" roles.[4][5] K. Narayan Kale wrote the story with dialogues by Narottam Vyas. The music was composed by Master Krishnarao. The director of photography was V. Avadhoot, and the cast included Durga Khote, Chandra Mohan, Shanta Apte, Nandrekar, Vasanti and Narayan Kale.[6]

The film was about a "rebellious female pirate".[7] The story's social relevance in the form of a costume action adventure involved a queen who becomes a pirate when she faces extreme "patriarchal laws" and is denied custody of her son.[8][9]


Saudamini (Durga Khote) is denied custody of her son by the Queen (Karuna Devi) and the tyrannical Minister of Justice Durjaya (Chandra Mohan) after she separates from her husband. Durjaya tells her that a woman is the slave of her husband and essentially has no rights. This enrages Saudamini and she vows vengeance and becomes a pirate. She and her pirates capture a ship which is supposed to be carrying the princess Nandini (Shanta Apte). However, she finds her old enemy Durjaya and takes him prisoner cutting off one of his legs. Nandini has been hiding in a chest, and when she comes out of it, the imprisoned Durjaya sees her. He falls in love with her and offers her his food. Nandini however falls in love with a young shepherd boy Sudhir (Nandrekar). When she meets Saudamini and her helper Rekha (Vasanti) she joins them as a pirate and tells Sudhir off. Durjaya escapes with the help of Sudhir and arrives to arrest Saudamini. Saudamini is captured, but the others, along with Nandini and Rekha, escape. It is finally revealed that Sudhir is Saudamini's long-lost son. Nandini and Sudhir marry and Rekha carries forward Saudamini's legacy.


Review and Box office[edit]

The film has been cited as a "great film",[10] an "outstanding film",[11] an "adventure classic" and the first Indian film screened at the Venice Film Festival.[5]

The film became a big success at the box office with three main reasons cited for this achievement. The first was Durga Khote as the pirate Saudamini leaving an impact on the audiences, where she excelled in her role. The second reason for the success of the film is attributed to the special effects. The third was the music and the songs.[12]


The film's music director was Krishnarao Phulambrikar, who is stated as setting up the "Maharashtra School of Hindi Film Music". The composer employed the one-hundred-year tradition of "Maharashtra Natak Sangeet" blending it with Hindustani music in the form of "duets, ghazal and marching songs".[7] One of the noteworthy songs was "Suno Suno Ban Ke Praani", sung by Shanta Apte, where her voice was commended for its naturalness.[13] The other was "Aaj Humen Ban Behad Bhata", a duet by Shanta Apte and Nandrekar, both of which still "remain favourites among old numbers". The title song is cited as Shantaram’s "classic number".[12]

Song List[edit]

# Title Singer
1 "Akhiyan Ke Tum Taare Piyare" Vasanti
2 "Aaj Humen Ban Behad Bhata" Nandrekar, shanta Apte
3 "Ab Maine Jaana Hai Haay Prem Kya Hai" Shanta Apte
4 "Bhool Ja Bhool Ja" Vasant Desai
5 "Jeet Jyoti Tej Chamak Raha Hai" Durga Khote
6 "Kaaraj Ki Jyot Sada Hi Jale" Vasant Desai
7 "Karate Rahana Masmar" Vasanti
8 "Yeh Jogan Khojan Nikri Hai" Vasanti
9 "Kehti Kaliyan Rasbhari"
10 "Mere Prabhuji Mat Bilmaoji"
11 "Suno Suno Ban Ban Ke Praani" Shanta Apte


  1. ^ Roy Armes (29 June 1987). Third World Film Making and the West. University of California Press. pp. 112–. ISBN 978-0-520-90801-7. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  2. ^ Rachel Dwyer; Senior Lecturer in Indian Studies Rachel Dwyer (27 September 2006). Filming the Gods: Religion and Indian Cinema. Routledge. pp. 73–. ISBN 978-1-134-38070-1. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  3. ^ S. Lal (1 January 2008). 50 Magnificent Indians of the 20Th Century. Jaico Publishing House. pp. 275–. ISBN 978-81-7992-698-7. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  4. ^ Ashok Raj (1 November 2009). Hero Vol.1. Hay House, Inc. pp. 45–. ISBN 978-93-81398-02-9. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  5. ^ a b Tilak Rishi (2012). Bless You Bollywood!: A Tribute to Hindi Cinema on Completing 100 Years. Trafford Publishing. pp. 155–. ISBN 978-1-4669-3963-9. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  6. ^ "Amar Jyoti (1936)". Alan Goble. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  7. ^ a b Ashok Damodar Ranade (1 January 2006). Hindi Film Song: Music Beyond Boundaries. Bibliophile South Asia. pp. 164–. ISBN 978-81-85002-64-4. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  8. ^ Bhawana Sommya / Jigna Kothari / Supriya Madangarli (9 January 2013). MOTHER MAIDEN MISTRESS. HarperCollins Publishers. pp. 1923–. ISBN 978-93-5029-485-7. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  9. ^ Chandra, Balakrishnan, Pali, Vijay Kumar. "100 Years of Bollywood – Amar Jyoti 1936". Invis Multimedia Pvt. Ltd. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  10. ^ J.K. Bajaj (26 March 2014). On & Behind the Indian Cinema. Diamond Pocket Books Pvt Ltd. pp. 1945–. ISBN 978-93-5083-621-7. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  11. ^ Keval J. Kumar (2000). Mass Communication in India (4th Edition). Jaico Publishing House. pp. 159–. ISBN 978-81-7224-373-9. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  12. ^ a b "100 Years of Bollywood – Amar Jyoti 1936". Missing or empty |url= (help)
  13. ^ Vijay Ranchan (2 January 2014). Story of a Bollywood Song. Abhinav Publications. pp. 23–. GGKEY:9E306RZQTQ7. Retrieved 9 February 2015.

External links[edit]