Amarakaeri language

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Native toPerú
EthnicityAmarakaeri people
Native speakers
1,600 (2007 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3amr

Amarakaeri is an Amazonian language of the Harákmbut language family spoken in Peru along the Madre de Dios and Colorado Rivers. There is less than 1% literacy compared to 5 to 15% literacy in second language Spanish. There is one dialect called Kisambaeri. It is an official language and has a dictionary. Amarakaeri speakers include the Kochimberi, Küpondirideri, Wíntaperi, Wakitaneri, and Kareneri gold panning tribes. There is a common misconception is that Amarakaeri is an Arawakan language. Alternate names include Amarakaire, Amaracaire, and Mashco; the latter of which is considered a pejorative term.


Amarakaeri has 18 vowels.

Front Central Back
Close i ɨ
Close-mid e o
Open a

All vowels have long forms. Except for /ɨ/, all vowels, both short and long forms, have nasalized forms.[3]

Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop plain p t k ʔ
prenasalized mb nd ŋg
Fricative s x
Nasal m n ŋ
Approximant j w
Flap ɾ

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Amarakaeri". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-07-22.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Amarakaeri". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ "SAPhon – South American Phonological Inventories". Retrieved 2018-07-22.