Amaravati

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Amaravathi)
Jump to: navigation, search
Amaravati
City
The Dhyana Budha at Amaravathi
The Dhyana Budha at Amaravathi
Amaravati is located in Andhra Pradesh
Amaravati
Amaravati
Amaravati is located in India
Amaravati
Amaravati
Location of Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 16°32′28″N 80°30′54″E / 16.541°N 80.515°E / 16.541; 80.515Coordinates: 16°32′28″N 80°30′54″E / 16.541°N 80.515°E / 16.541; 80.515
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Districts Guntur
Government
 • Type Regional Authority
 • Body APCRDA
Area[1]
 • City 217.23 km2 (83.87 sq mi)
 • Metro[2] 8,352.69 km2 (3,224.99 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • City 103,000
 • Metro[4] 5.8 million
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode(s) 520 xxx, 521 xxx, 522 xxx
Area code(s) Telephone numbers in India
Vehicle registration AP 07 , AP 16
Official languages Telugu
Website Amaravati official website

Amaravati is the de facto capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[5] The planned city is located on the southern banks of the Krishna river in Guntur district, within the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.[6][7] The foundation stone was laid on 22 October 2015, at Uddandarayunipalem area by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi.[8] The city of Guntur, and the metropolitan area of Vijayawada are the major conurbations of Amaravati.[9]

Etymology[edit]

Prime Minister Narendra Modi lays foundation stone of Amaravati

The word Amaravati translates as the place for immortals.[10]

History[edit]

The present capital area has its own historical significance of having recorded its first ever legislation 2,200 years ago.[11] As per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act (2014), Hyderabad became the capital of the then newly formed state of Telangana, post bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh. However, Hyderabad would remain as the joint capital of both states for a period of time not exceeding ten years. Hence, Amaravati is thus being built to serve as the capital of Andhra Pradesh.[12]

Foundation[edit]

The foundation for the city was laid at Uddandarayunipalem on 22 October 2015. The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi; the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, N. Chandrababu Naidu; the Chief Minister of Telangana, Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao; the Japanese minister for economy trade and industry, Yosuke Takagi; and the Singaporean Minister for Trade and Industry, S. Iswaran laid the foundation for the city.[8][13]

De facto state capital[edit]

As of October 2016, the majority of departments and officials of the Andhra Pradesh State Government are now functioning from interim facilities located in the Velagapudi area of Amaravati, with only a skeleton staff remaining behind in Hyderabad.[14] The Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, N Chandrababu Naidu began working from Velagapudi in April 2016. The Andhra Pradesh Legislature remained in Hyderbad until March 2017, when it relocated to newly constructed interim legislative buildings in Velagapudi.[15]

Geography[edit]

The city is being built in Guntur district, on the banks of the Krishna River. The city will be 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) south-west of Vijayawada and 24 kilometres (15 mi) north of Guntur.[16]

Governance[edit]

Map showing Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh Capital Region, spread across Guntur and Krishna districts

Administration[edit]

Amaravati is an Urban Notified Area and its urban planning activities are undertaken by the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority.[17] The Andhra Pradesh Secretariat at Velagapudi is the administrative block for the employees of the state government.[18]

Jurisdiction and planning

The capital city is spread over an area of 217.23 km2 (83.87 sq mi),[19] and will comprise villages (including some hamlets) from three mandals viz., Mangalagiri, Thullur and Tadepalle.[1] While, the seed capital is spread over an area of 16.94 km2 (6.54 sq mi).[20]

The table below lists the denotified villages and hamlets under their respective mandals, which became a part of the capital city.[1]

Mandal name Settlements
Thullur mandal Abbarajupalem, Ainavolu, Ananthavaram, Borupalem, Dondapadu, Kondarajupalem (de-populated), Lingayapalem (including Modugulankapalem hamlets), Malkapuram, Mandadam (Tallayapalem hamlets), Nekkallu, Nelapadu, Pitchikalapalem, Rayapudi, Sakhamuru, Thulluru, Uddandarayunipalem, Velagapudi, Venkatapalem
Mangalagiri mandal Krishnayapalem, Nidamarru, Kuragallu (including
Nerukonda hamlets), Nowlur (including
Yerrabalem &
Bethapudi hamlets)
Tadepalle mandal Penumaka, Tadepalle (M) (Part)
(Nulakapet, Dolas Nagar etc.), Undavalli

Note:

  • M – Municipality
  • The names in brackets are the hamlet villages of the respective settlement.

Economy[edit]

Mangalagiri Sarees and Fabrics produced in Mangalagiri mandal,[21] a part of the state capital, were registered as one of the geographical indications from Andhra Pradesh.[22] HCL Technologies, an IT firm would set up one of its centres in Vijayawada.[23][24]

Education[edit]

Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT-AP) is the first university to set up its campus in Amaravati.[25] SRM University,[26] Amrita University, Amity and Indo-UK Institute of Health (IUIH) in collaboration with the King’s College, London are among the others to set up their campus.[27][28][29][30]

Transport[edit]

Vijayawada-Amaravathi road at Penumaka

Public transport[edit]

The buses operated by APSRTC from Pandit Nehru Bus Station of Vijayawada and NTR bus station of Guntur, connects the cities with the state capital.[31][32]

Roadways[edit]

The Amaravati seed capital road is an arterial flyover road under construction to access the core capital area.[33] The Vijayawada-Amaravati road connect the city with Vijayawada.[34] Two new depots, North and South of APSRTC are proposed to be constructed in the city.[35]

Railways[edit]

A proposed Amaravati highspeed circular railway line would connect the city with the nearby cities of Vijayawada, Guntur and Tenali,[36] extending up to a length of 105 km (65 mi) with an estimated cost of 100 billion (US$1.6 billion).[37]

Airways[edit]

Vijayawada International Airport[38] is the nearest airport to the city and also under proposal to be named after the capital as NTR Amaravati Airport.[39]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Declaration of A.P. Capital City Area–Revised orders" (PDF). Andhra Nation. Municipal Administration and Urban Development Department. 22 September 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2016. 
  2. ^ Subba Rao, GVR (23 September 2015). "Capital region expands as CRDA redraws boundaries". The Hindu. Vijayawada. Retrieved 31 October 2015. 
  3. ^ "CRDA eyes CSR funds to push job potential in capital city". Times of India. Guntur. 1 July 2015. Retrieved 18 August 2015. 
  4. ^ "Amaravathi to be divided into eight urban plan areas". The Hindu. 3 April 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2016. 
  5. ^ Akbar, Syed (8 Aug 2016). "Amaravati as official capital will boost Andhra Pradesh's image - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  6. ^ "Naming of the Residuary Andhra Pradesh State Capital as "AMARAVATI"" (PDF). Andhra Nation. Municipal Administration and Urban Development Department. 23 April 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2016. 
  7. ^ "Amaravati: A capital idea, but how feasible?". 
  8. ^ a b "Thousands descend on Andhra village Uddandarayunipalem to watch history in making", Economic Times, 22 October 2015 
  9. ^ "Explained: Why Amaravati has been chosen as the new Andhra Pradesh capital". The Indian Express. 21 October 2015. 
  10. ^ Ravikumar, Aruna (13 August 2016). "A river of talent". The Hans India. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  11. ^ "After 2,200 years, Amaravati gets back its legislation power - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  12. ^ "The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014" (PDF). AP Reorganisation Portal. New Delhi: The Gazette of India Extraordinary. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  13. ^ "Andhra CM scales down Amaravathi foundation fete". 
  14. ^ http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-andhra-pradesh-secretariat-starts-functioning-from-interim-government-complex-at-amaravati-2260970
  15. ^ http://www.news18.com/news/india/andhra-pradesh-holds-maiden-budget-session-in-new-capital-amaravati-1356763.htmly
  16. ^ U Sudhakar Reddy (31 October 2014). "Andhra Pradesh capital to come up on riverfront in Guntur district". Deccan Chronicle. Hyderabad. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  17. ^ "New Andhra capital Amaravati to compete for Smart City tag". The New Indian Express. 25 May 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2016. 
  18. ^ "CM inaugurates AP's interim secretariat". The Hindu. 26 April 2016. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 14 May 2016. 
  19. ^ "How Andhra Pradesh plans to make its new capital Amaravati a world-class city". 
  20. ^ "Economic Development Board Andhra Pradesh - Amaravati - The People's Capital". apedb.gov.in. Retrieved 3 May 2017. 
  21. ^ "Geographical Indication". The Hans India. 23 January 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  22. ^ "Mangalagiri Cotton Saree | Textiles Committee (Ministry of Textiles, Government of India)". www.textilescommittee.gov.in. Retrieved 2017-02-24. 
  23. ^ "HCL to set up IT centres in Amaravati, Vijayawada". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  24. ^ "HCL to set up IT centres in Amaravati, Vijayawada.". -Avenue Realty. 2017-03-31. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  25. ^ "http://www.vit.ac.in/ap". VIT University. Retrieved 2017-02-27.  External link in |title= (help)
  26. ^ "SRM University, AP – Amaravati". www.srmuniv.ac.in. Retrieved 2017-02-27. 
  27. ^ "Amity, SRM, VIT get nod to set up campuses in Andhra Pradesh | Press Room". mysrm.srmuniv.ac.in. Retrieved 2017-02-27. 
  28. ^ "Amity University to set up campus in Amaravati | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 2017-02-27. 
  29. ^ "Amrita University to Set Up Medical University at Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh | Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham (Amrita University)". www.amrita.edu. Retrieved 2017-02-27. 
  30. ^ "IN THE PRESS | IUIH". www.iuih.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-02-27. 
  31. ^ "Work at new Secretariat from June 27". The Hans India. Retrieved 3 May 2017. 
  32. ^ "Facelift to Guntur bus stand". The Hans India. Retrieved 3 May 2017. 
  33. ^ "AP CM to take part in Iftar party". The Hans India. 22 June 2016. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  34. ^ "Four-lane road to Andhra Pradesh new capital soon". The Hindu. Guntur. 6 August 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2016. 
  35. ^ "APSRTC cuts losses by Rs. 116 crore". 
  36. ^ "DPR being prepared for high-speed train to Amaravati". Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  37. ^ Reporter, Staff. "Circular rail line for Amaravati approved". The Hindu. Retrieved 11 January 2017. 
  38. ^ "Vijayawada airport gets international status as Union Cabinet gives nod". Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  39. ^ "Gannavaram Airport to be named after NTR". The Hans India. Retrieved 3 May 2017. 

External links[edit]