Amaravati

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This article is about the proposed capital city. For the historic town, see Amaravathi. For other uses, see Amaravati (disambiguation).
Amaravati
అమరావతి
Capital City
The riverfront capital on the banks of Krishna River, and the Dhyana Budha at Uddandarayunipalem
The riverfront capital on the banks of Krishna River, and the Dhyana Budha at Uddandarayunipalem
Amaravati is located in Andhra Pradesh
Amaravati
Amaravati
Amaravati is located in India
Amaravati
Amaravati
Location of Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 16°32′28″N 80°30′54″E / 16.541°N 80.515°E / 16.541; 80.515Coordinates: 16°32′28″N 80°30′54″E / 16.541°N 80.515°E / 16.541; 80.515
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Districts Guntur
Government
 • Type Regional Authority
 • Body APCRDA
Area[1][2]
 • Capital City 217.23 km2 (83.87 sq mi)
 • Metro[3] 8,352.69 km2 (3,224.99 sq mi)
Population (2011)[4]
 • Capital City 103,000
 • Metro[5] 5.8 million
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode(s) 520 xxx, 521 xxx, 522 xxx
Area code(s) Telephone numbers in India
Vehicle registration AP 07 , AP 16
Official languages Telugu
Website Amaravati official website

Amaravati is the de facto capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The planned city is located on the southern banks of the Krishna river in Guntur district, within the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.[6][7][8] The foundation stone was laid on 22 October 2015, at Uddandarayunipalem area by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi.[9] The mega city of Guntur, and the metropolitan area of Vijayawada are the major conurbations of Amaravati.[10]

Etymology[edit]

Prime Minister Narendra Modi lays foundation stone of Amaravati

Amaravati in Sanskrit and Telugu language translates as the Abode of immortals.

History[edit]

As per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act (2014), Hyderabad became the capital of the then newly formed state of Telangana, post bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh. However, Hyderabad would remain as the joint capital of both states for a period of time not exceeding ten years. Hence, Amaravati is thus being built to serve as the capital of Andhra Pradesh.[11]

Foundation[edit]

The foundation for the city was laid at Uddandarayunipalem on 22 October 2015. The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi; the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, N. Chandrababu Naidu; the Chief Minister of Telangana, Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao; the Japanese minister for economy trade and industry, Yosuke Takagi; and the Singaporean Minister for Trade and Industry, S. Iswaran laid the foundation for the city.[9][12]

De facto state capital[edit]

As of October 2016, the majority of departments and officials of the Andhra Pradesh State Government are now functioning from interim facilities located in the Velagapudi area of Amaravati, with only a skeleton staff remaining behind in Hyderabad. [13] The Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, N Chandrababu Naidu began working from Velagapudi in April 2016. The Andhra Pradesh Legislature currently remains in Hyderbad but plans are in place for it to relocate to Velagapudi in 2017 following completion of interim legislative buildings.[14]

Geography[edit]

The city is being built in Guntur district, on the banks of the Krishna River. The city will be 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) south-west of Vijayawada and 24 kilometres (15 mi) north of Guntur.[15]

Governance[edit]

Map showing Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh Capital Region, spread across Guntur and Krishna districts

Administration[edit]

Amaravati is an Urban Notified Area and its urban planning activities are undertaken by the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority.[16][17] The Andhra Pradesh Secretariat at Velagapudi is the administrative block for the employees of the state government.[18]

Jurisdiction and planning

The capital city is spread over an area of 217.23 km2 (83.87 sq mi) and will comprise villages (including some hamlets) from three mandals viz., Mangalagiri, Thullur and Tadepalle.[1] The construction of the new city would cost about $4 billion, with the central government contributing significantly. The current proposed site covers 30 villages spreading over 35,000 acres (14,000 ha).[19]

The table below lists the denotified villages and hamlets under their respective mandals, which became a part of the capital city.[1][20]

Mandal name Settlements
Thullur mandal Abbarajupalem, Ainavolu, Ananthavaram, Borupalem, Dondapadu, Kondarajupalem (de-populated), Lingayapalem (including Modugulankapalem hamlets), Malkapuram, Mandadam (Tallayapalem hamlets), Nekkallu, Nelapadu, Pitchikalapalem, Rayapudi, Sakhamuru, Thulluru, Uddandarayunipalem, Velagapudi, Venkatapalem
Mangalagiri mandal Krishnayapalem, Nidamarru, Kuragallu (including
Nerukonda hamlets), Nowlur (including
Yerrabalem &
Bethapudi hamlets)
Tadepalle mandal Penumaka, Tadepalle (M) (Part)
(Nulakapet, Dolas Nagar etc.), Undavalli

Note:

  • M – Municipality
  • The names in brackets are the hamlet villages of the respective settlement.

Transport[edit]

Vijayawada-Amaravathi road at Penumaka

Amaravati seed capital road is proposed road to access the capital city from the junction of National Highway 16 near Tadepalle to the seed capital area.[21] The Vijayawada-Amaravati and Guntur-Thullur roads connect the city with Vijayawada and Guntur respectively.[22] APSRTC operates buses on this route from Pandit Nehru bus station of Vijayawada.[23] and from NTR bus station of Guntur. Two new depots, North and South of APSRTC are proposed to be constructed in the city.[24]

A proposed Amaravati highspeed circular railway line has been under development phase. It would connect the city with the nearby cities of Vijayawada, Guntur and Tenali, extending up to a length of 105 km (65 mi) with an estimated cost of 100 billion (US$1.5 billion).[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Declaration of A.P. Capital City Area–Revised orders" (PDF). Andhra Nation. Municipal Administration and Urban Development Department. 22 September 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2016. 
  2. ^ "Declaration of A.P. Capital City Area (Revised)". Andhra Patrika. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  3. ^ Subba Rao, GVR (23 September 2015). "Capital region expands as CRDA redraws boundaries". The Hindu. Vijayawada. Retrieved 31 October 2015. 
  4. ^ "CRDA eyes CSR funds to push job potential in capital city". Times of India. Guntur. 1 July 2015. Retrieved 18 August 2015. 
  5. ^ "Amaravathi to be divided into eight urban plan areas". The Hindu. 3 April 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2016. 
  6. ^ "Capital City be named as "Amaravati"" (PDF), Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority, Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department – Andhra Pradesh, 23 April 2015, retrieved 31 May 2015 
  7. ^ "Amaravati: A capital idea, but how feasible?". 
  8. ^ Mahalakshmi, BV (22 October 2015). "Foundation stone of Andhra Pradesh's new capital Amaravati laid by PM Narendra Modi". The Financial Express. Retrieved 5 June 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "Thousands descend on Andhra village Uddandarayunipalem to watch history in making", Economic Times, 22 October 2015 
  10. ^ "Explained: Why Amaravati has been chosen as the new Andhra Pradesh capital". The Indian Express. 21 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014" (PDF). AP Reorganisation Portal. New Delhi: The Gazette of India Extraordinary. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  12. ^ "Andhra CM scales down Amaravathi foundation fete". 
  13. ^ http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-andhra-pradesh-secretariat-starts-functioning-from-interim-government-complex-at-amaravati-2260970
  14. ^ "Velagapudi may not host next Assembly Session". 
  15. ^ U Sudhakar Reddy (31 October 2014). "Andhra Pradesh capital to come up on riverfront in Guntur district". Deccan Chronicle. Hyderabad. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "New Andhra capital Amaravati to compete for Smart City tag". The New Indian Express. 25 May 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2016. 
  17. ^ "About Capital Region Development Authority". AP Capital Region Development Authority. Retrieved 5 June 2016. 
  18. ^ "CM inaugurates AP's interim secretariat". The Hindu. 26 April 2016. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 14 May 2016. 
  19. ^ "Next time by water". The Economist. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  20. ^ "Declaration of A.P. Capital City Area (Revised)". Andhra Patrika. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  21. ^ "AP CM to take part in Iftar party". The Hans India. 22 June 2016. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  22. ^ "Four-lane road to Andhra Pradesh new capital soon". The Hindu. Guntur. 6 August 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2016. 
  23. ^ "RTC to introduce bus services in Guntur city". 
  24. ^ "APSRTC cuts losses by Rs. 116 crore". 
  25. ^ Reporter, Staff. "Circular rail line for Amaravati approved". The Hindu. Retrieved 11 January 2017. 

External links[edit]

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