Amarinder Singh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Amarinder Singh
Captain Amarinder Singh.jpg
15th Chief Minister of Punjab
Assumed office
16 March 2017
GovernorV. P. Singh Badnore
Preceded byParkash Singh Badal
In office
26 February 2002 – 1 March 2007
DeputyRajinder Kaur Bhattal
Preceded byParkash Singh Badal
Succeeded byParkash Singh Badal
Member of the Legislative Assembly 
Assumed office
11 March 2017
Preceded byPreneet Kaur
ConstituencyPatiala Urban
In office
2002–2014
Preceded bySurjit Singh Kohli
Succeeded byPreneet Kaur
ConstituencyPatiala Town
In office
1992–1997
Preceded byHardial Singh Rajla
Succeeded byJagtar Singh Rajla
ConstituencySamana
In office
1985–1992
Preceded byAvtar Singh
Succeeded byHarminder Singh
ConstituencyTalwandi Sabo
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
26 May 2014 – 23 November 2016
Preceded byNavjot Singh Sidhu
Succeeded byGurjit Singh Aujla
ConstituencyAmritsar
In office
1980–1984
Preceded byGurcharan Singh Tohra
Succeeded byCharanjit Singh Walia
ConstituencyPatiala
Personal details
Born (1942-03-11) 11 March 1942 (age 77)
Patiala, Punjab, British India
Political partyIndian National Congress (1980–84; 1998–present)
Other political
affiliations
Spouse(s)
Preneet Kaur (m. 1964)
Children2, including Raninder Singh
Parents
WebsiteOfficial website
Military service
Allegiance India
Branch/service Indian Army
Years of service1963–1965
RankCaptain of the Indian Army.svg Captain
UnitSikh Regiment

Captain Amarinder Singh (born 11 March 1942)[1] is an Indian politician serving as the 15th and current Chief Minister of Punjab.[2] An elected Member of the Legislative Assembly from Patiala,[3] he was also the president of Punjab Pradesh Congress Committee, the state division of the Indian National Congress.[4] He has also previously served as the Chief Minister of Punjab from 2002-2007.[5] His father was the last Maharaja of the princely state of Patiala.[5] He also served in the Indian Army from 1963 to 1966.[6] In 1980, he won a seat in the Lok Sabha for the first time.[5] He currently also serves as the chairman of the Punjab Urdu Academy.[7]

Personal life[edit]

Singh is the son of Maharaja Yadavindra Singh and Maharani Mohinder Kaur of Patiala belonging to the Phulkian dynasty of Sidhu Brar descent.[8] He attended the Welham Boys' School and Lawrence School Sanawar[9] before going to The Doon School,[10] Dehradun. He has one son, Raninder Singh, and one daughter, Jai Inder Kaur, who is married to a Delhi-based businessman, Gurpal Singh.[11] His wife, Preneet Kaur, served as an MP and was Minister of State in the Ministry of External Affairs from 2009 to 2014.

His elder sister Heminder Kaur is married to former foreign minister K. Natwar Singh. He is also related to Shiromani Akali Dal (A) supremo and former IPS Officer Simranjit Singh Mann. Mann's wife and Amarinder Singh's wife, Preneet Kaur, are sisters.

Army career[edit]

He joined the Indian Army in June 1963 after graduating from the National Defence Academy and Indian Military Academy before resigning in early 1965. He rejoined the Army again as hostilities broke out with Pakistan and served as Captain in the 1965 Indo-Pakistan War.[citation needed] He served in the Sikh Regiment.[12]

Political career[edit]

He was inducted into the Congress by Rajiv Gandhi, who was his friend from school and was first elected to the Lok Sabha in 1980. In 1984, he resigned from Parliament and from Congress as a protest against the Army action during Operation Blue Star. Subsequently, he joined the Shiromani Akali Dal was elected to the state legislature from Talwandi Sabo and became a minister in the state government for Agriculture, Forest, Development and Panchayats.

In 1992 he broke away from the Akali Dal and formed a splinter group named Shiromani Akali Dal (Panthic) which later merged with the Congress in 1998 (after his party's crushing defeat in Vidhan Sabha election in which he himself was defeated from his own constituency where he got only 856 votes) after Sonia Gandhi took over the reign of the party. He was defeated by Prof Prem Singh Chandumajra from Patiala Constituency in 1998 by a whooping margin of 33251 votes. He served as the President of Punjab Pradesh Congress Committee on three occasions from 1999 to 2002, 2010 to 2013 and 2015 to 2017, he also became Chief Minister of Punjab in 2002 and continued until 2007.

In September 2008, a special committee of Punjab Vidhan Sabha, during the tenure of a government led by Akali Dal-Bharatiya Janata Party, expelled him on the count of regularities in the transfer of land related to the Amritsar Improvement Trust.[13] In 2010, the Supreme Court of India held his expulsion unconstitutional on the grounds that it was excessive and unconstitutional.[13]

He was appointed as chairman of Punjab Congress Campaign Committee in 2008. Captain Amarinder Singh is also a Permanent Invitee to the Congress Working Committee since 2013. He defeated senior BJP leader Arun Jaitley by a margin of more than 1,02,000 votes in 2014 general elections. He has been a member of the Punjab Vidhan Sabha for five terms representing Patiala (Urban) thrice, Samana and Talwandi Sabo once each.

On 27 November 2015, Amarinder Singh was appointed President of Punjab Congress in the run up to Punjab elections slated for 2017.[14] On 11 March 2017 Congress Party won the State Assembly Elections under his leadership.

Amarinder Singh was sworn in as the 26th Chief Minister of Punjab on 16 March 2017 at Punjab Raj Bhavan, Chandigarh. The oath of office was administered by the Punjab governor, V.P. Singh Badnore.[2][15][16]

Books[edit]

He has also written books on war and Sikh history which include A Ridge Too Far, Lest We Forget, The Last Sunset: Rise and Fall of Lahore Durbar and The Sikhs in Britain: 150 years of Photographs. Among his most recent works are Honour and Fidelity: India's Military Contribution to the Great War 1914 to 1918 released in Chandigarh on 6 December 2014, and The Monsoon War: Young Officers Reminisce – 1965 India-Pakistan War- which contains his memoirs of the 1965 Indo-Pak war.[17][18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quint, The. "Punjab Live: Modi Congratulates Amarinder, Wishes Him Happy B'Day". The Quint. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Amarinder Singh sworn in as Punjab CM". The Hindu. The Hindu. 16 March 2017. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  3. ^ Goswami, Dev. "Punjab election results 2017: Full list of winners". indiatoday.intoday.in. Living Media India Limited. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  4. ^ "Congress In States - Punjab". inc.in. All India Congress Committee. Archived from the original on 16 March 2017. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  5. ^ a b c "Who is Capt Amarinder Singh? Everything you need to know". The Indian Express. Express Web Desk. 16 March 2017. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  6. ^ "Captain Amarinder back in charge in Punjab for second time". The New Indian Express. PTI. 16 March 2017. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  7. ^ "Punjab Urdu Academy". www.punjaburduacademy.com. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  8. ^ "JIND". www.royalark.net.
  9. ^ Sharma, Pratul (19 January 2012). "Captain goes all guns blazing: Congress's Amarinder Singh insists he hasn't mellowed and is sure of victory in Punjab as he takes on the Badals". Daily Mail. London.
  10. ^ "'Seven Doscos in 15th Lok Sabha'". The Indian Express. 31 May 2009.
  11. ^ "Himachal Pradesh CM's daughter to wed Amarinder's grandson".
  12. ^ "Army's account of 1965 war padded, says Capt's new book". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  13. ^ a b Dhananjay Mahapatra, Dhananjay (27 April 2010). "'Amarinder's removal undemocratic'". Times of India.
  14. ^ "'Amarinder appointed Captain of Punjab Congress'". Daily Post India. 27 November 2015. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015.
  15. ^ "Captain Amarinder Sworn In as Punjab CM, Nine Ministers Inducted". The Quint. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  16. ^ "Capt Amarinder Singh is Jat mahasabha chief". Hindustan Times. Press Trust of India (PTI). 13 May 2013. Archived from the original on 9 July 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  17. ^ "Book Review: The Monsoon War: Young Officers Reminisce – 1965 India-Pakistan War". 24 October 2015.
  18. ^ [1]
Lok Sabha
Preceded by
Gurcharan Singh Tohra
Member of Parliament
for Patiala

1980 – 1984
Succeeded by
Sardar Charanjit Singh Walia
Preceded by
Navjot Singh Sidhu
Member of Parliament
for Amritsar

2014 – 2017
Succeeded by
Gurjeet Singh Aujla
Political offices
Preceded by
Parkash Singh Badal
Chief Minister of Punjab
26 February 2002 – 1 March 2007
Succeeded by
Parkash Singh Badal
Preceded by
Parkash Singh Badal
Chief Minister of Punjab
16 March 2017 – Present
Succeeded by
Incumbent