Amarkantak

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Amarkantaka
अमरकंटक
AmraKutt
Hill station
Amarkantal Photo
Amarkantak is a Hindu Tirtha place, a site where three rivers including the Narmada start
Nickname(s): Maikal
Amarkantaka is located in Madhya Pradesh
Amarkantaka
Amarkantaka
Amarkantaka is located in India
Amarkantaka
Amarkantaka
Location in Madhya Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 22°40′N 81°45′E / 22.67°N 81.75°E / 22.67; 81.75Coordinates: 22°40′N 81°45′E / 22.67°N 81.75°E / 22.67; 81.75
Country  India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Anuppur
Elevation 1,048 m (3,438 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 7,074
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 484886

Amarkantak (NLK Amarakaṇṭaka) is a pilgrim town and a Nagar Panchayat in Anuppur, Madhya Pradesh, India. The Amarkantak region is a unique natural heritage area and is the meeting point of the Vindhya and the Satpura Ranges, with the Maikal Hills being the fulcrum. This is where the Narmada River, the Son River and Johila River emerge.

Popular 15th-century Indian mystic and poet Kabir is said to have meditated on Kabir Chabutra, also called the platform of Kabir, situated in the town of Amarkantak.[1]

Etymology[edit]

Amarkantak is a combination of two Sanskrit words, amara (immortal) and kantaka (obstruction). The poet Kalidas has mentioned it as Amrakuta, which later became Amarkantak.[2]

Location[edit]

Narmada kund temples, the origin of Narmada River

Amarkantak is located in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India at 22°40′N 81°45′E / 22.67°N 81.75°E / 22.67; 81.75. It has an average elevation of 1048 metres (3438 ft). Roads running through Rewa, Shahdol, Anuppur, Jabalpur, Katni and Pendra connect it. The nearest railway stations are Anuppur and Pendra Road 43 km via Keonchi and only 28 km via Jwaleshwar. The nearest airport is Dumna Jabalpur (Jabalpur Airport) in the city of Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh (240 km) which has daily flight service to Delhi and Mumbai.[3] [4]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[5] Amarkantak had a population of 7074. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Amarkantak has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 62% of the males and 21% of females literate. 17% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Flora and fauna[edit]

Healing Flora of Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh

The town of Amarkantak is surrounded by a rich variety of flora with medicinal properties.[6] The Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary, is located at a distance of no more than 40 km from the town of Amarkantak in the state of Chhattisgarh on the road to Bilaspur.[7] The enchanting lush green forest belt in Amarkantak is a part of Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve. The forests of Amarkantak are linked with the forests of Kanha National Park. Amarkantak falls on the Kanha-Achanakmar Corridor, a hilly region covered with dense forests. Kanha and Achanakmar are both conserved wildlife parks in India famous for Bengal tigers.[8]

Pinus caribaea plantation at Amarkantak, India

Pinus caribaea, known as tropical pine, was planted in Amarkntak in 1968 on advice of Forest Research Institute, Dehradun on the recommendations of National Commission on Agriculture looking to the future demand of quality pulp wood. This work was undertaken under a World Bank Technical Assistance Project by clearing natural sal forests. The naturalists and environmentalists in India raised a controversy over it; ultimately the project of tropical pine plantation was abolished.[9]

Ancient temples of Kalachuri period[edit]

Ancient temples, Amarkantak

The ancient temples of Kalachuri period are in the south of Narmadakund, just behind it. These were built by Kalachuri Maharaja Karnadeva (1041–1073 AD).[10]

Educational Institutions[edit]

Indira Gandhi National Tribal University, Amarkantak[edit]

A central university, established under the Indira Gandhi National Tribal University Act[11] in 2007, to promote research in various aspects of tribal communities and provide higher education to the tribal population.[12][13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kabir Chabutra". C.P.R. Environmental Education Centre. 
  2. ^ Bhattacharyya, P.K. (1977), Historial Geography of Madhya Pradesh from Earlier Records, Motilal Banarsidass, p. 76 
  3. ^ http://www.spicejet.com/newspage.aspx?strNews=Flights_Jabalpur
  4. ^ "Amarkantak PinCode". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-03-10. 
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  6. ^ "Medicinal Plants of Amarkantak". academia.edu. 
  7. ^ "The Hindu". 
  8. ^ "Kanha-Achanakmar". The Hindu. 
  9. ^ Yugdharm, Raipur, Forest Wealth Special Issue, 1979
  10. ^ Mitra, Swati (2012), Templesof Madhya Pradesh - Travel guide, Thomson Press, New Delhi on behalf of Eicher Goodreads Pvt Ltd, p. 89 
  11. ^ http://igntu.nic.in/act.pdf
  12. ^ Economic Development in India. Academic Foundation, New Delhi. 2008. p. 105. Retrieved March 2015.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  13. ^ Emerging Trends in Indian Politics. The 15th General Election. Routledge India. 2010. Retrieved March 2015.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

External links[edit]