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Umerkot Fort
Umerkot Fort
Umerkot  عمرڪوٽ  عُمركوٹ is located in Sindh
Umerkot  عمرڪوٽ  عُمركوٹ
Umerkot  عمرڪوٽ  عُمركوٹ is located in Pakistan
Umerkot  عمرڪوٽ  عُمركوٹ
Location of Umerkot within Sindh Province
Coordinates: 25°21′47″N 69°44′33″E / 25.36306°N 69.74250°E / 25.36306; 69.74250Coordinates: 25°21′47″N 69°44′33″E / 25.36306°N 69.74250°E / 25.36306; 69.74250
Country Pakistan Pakistan
Province Sindh
District Umerkot
Metropolitan Corporation Pre-islamic Hindu-era
Time zone PKT (UTC+05:00)
Umarkot Fort

Umerkot (Urdu: عُمركوٹ‎, Sindhi: عمرڪوٽ‎), formerly known as Amarkot, is a town in Umerkot District in the Sindh province of Pakistan. The city was the birthplace of the Mughal Emperor Akbar.


The birthplace of Akbar is traditionally believed to be marked by the small pavilion.

The name of the city is said to be after the name of a local ruler, Umer, who is part of the legend of Umar Marvi. The story also appears in Shah Jo Risalo and is one of the popular tragic romances from Sindh.


The province was ruled by Sodha clan of Hindu Rajputs. The city held prominence during the Mughal Empire and the British Raj. Mughal Emperor Akbar was born in Umerkot 14 October 1542 when his father Humayun fled from the military defeat at the hands of Sher Shah Suri.[1] Rana Prasad, the Sodha Rajput ruler of Umerkot, gave him refuge.[2] Later on, Akbar brought northwestern India, including modern day Pakistan under Mughal rule.

Umerkot princely state[edit]

Before 1947, the present day Umerkot was a princely state named Amarkot, ruled by Sodha clan of Hindu Rajputs. It joined Pakistan due to being surrounded by Pakistan and the population of Sindh Valley, while population of India was 400 km away across the desert.

Points of interest[edit]

The city is well connected with the other large cities like Karachi, the provincial capital and Hyderabad.[3]

Umerkot has many sites of historical significance such as Akbar's birthplace at Umarkot Fort.

There is an ancient temple, Shiv Mandir, Umerkot.


The story of Umar Marvi is that Marvi was a young Thari girl abducted by then-ruler, Umar, who wanted to marry her because of her beauty. Upon her refusal she was imprisoned in the historic Umerkot Fort for several years. Because of her courage, Marvi is regarded as a symbol of love for one's soil and homeland.


The city has more than 100 schools, 20 colleges and one polytechnic college. One of the prominent educational institute is Knowledge Inn Coaching Academy & Pre entry Test Preparation Center Umerkot.

See also[edit]



External links[edit]