Amaroo, Australian Capital Territory
Canberra, Australian Capital Territory
|Population||5,710 (2016 census)|
|• Density||2,200/km2 (5,690/sq mi)|
|Area||2.6 km2 (1.0 sq mi)|
Amaroo is a suburb in the Canberra, Australia district of Gungahlin and was gazetted on 18 October 1991. Amaroo – which means ‘a beautiful place’ in one of the local Aboriginal dialects. Place names in Amaroo such as Shoalhaven Avenue are named after Australian rivers and lakes. Amaroo is adjacent to the suburbs of Ngunnawal, Gungahlin, Moncrieff, Forde, Bonner and Jacka. The suburb is bounded by Mirrabei Drive and Horse Park Drive and Gundaroo Drive. The suburb is located approximately 1 km from the Gungahlin Town Centre and 12 km from the centre of Canberra.
Although the suburb of Amaroo is newly established, the history of the land upon which the suburb is situated stretches back at least one hundred and fifty years. Amongst the historic remnants from Amaroo's colonial past is Crinigan’s stone cottage located in Wanderer Court Amaroo.
John and Maria (née Mansfield) Crinigan lived in a stone cottage at this site from about 1842 until 1863. John was a native of Westmeath, Ireland and at 19 years of age was sentenced to transportation for life for “assaulting habitation”. He arrived in the colony of New South Wales in 1836 and was assigned to work for George Thomas Palmer on his property Palmerville (the remains of the homestead are now under the Heritage Park in Belconnen).
In the 2016 Census, there were 5,710 people in Amaroo. 74.3% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were India 2.8%, England 2.8% and China 1.8%. 76.6% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin at 2.1%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 30.8%, Catholic 28.3% and Anglican 13.4%.
The suburb has two schools next to each other, and Good Shepherd Catholic primary. The Amaroo School (picture) complex accommodates children from Preschool to Year 10 and is the first purpose-built government Middle School in the ACT. It was completed in three stages.
While Amaroo School is large, there is a strong feeling of connectedness in its community. It is highly regarded within the ACT education system. Its various buildings include the Preschool, the Primary School classroom block, and the two-storey Middle and High School classroom block, together with shared Administration, Library, Hall/Canteen, Gymnasium, outdoor tennis, netball and basketball courts, numerous ovals and play areas. A combined Technology, Arts and Science block is located within the Middle and High School. Amaroo School is regarded as one of the best schools in the ACT.
Amaroo will be the first suburb in the ACT to receive the 100Mbit/s NBN internet and amongst the first places in Australia (outside of the pilot program). The roll-out of the NBN in Amaroo commenced in 2011 and is due to be completed in 2013.
Construction commenced on an Amaroo shopping precinct in 2012. This borders on Horsepark Drive and is nearby Amaroo School. Currently there is a service station and shop located adjacent to this new shopping precinct. The shopping centre is now fully functional with Coles, Wok it Up and many other shops. Even Aldi is slated to open end of 2017. Large shopping centres nearby include the Gungahlin Marketplace and the G-Gungahlin.
Amaroo is underlaid by the Canberra Formation from the late middle Silurian age. The area was studied in more detail than many other parts of Canberra by J P Ceplecha from the ANU in 1971. Most of Amaroo is based on slaty shale and mudstone. A 125m wide band oriented north north east of dacite and quartz andesite is in the centre. A patch of tuff is under the south west corner.
The structure of the rock has been determined by folding. The folds are aligned north-north east and plunge to the south south west. There are two short faults in the mid south that are marked on the surface by quartz. A long fault runs parallel with the folding axis along the south east side along Ginninderra Creek determining its orientation. 
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Amaroo (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
- Crinigan’s Stone Cottage (2008), Canberra Archaeological Society Website[permanent dead link]
- Amaroo School
- "Coles creates 77 new jobs at new supermarket in Amaro". www.mygungahlin.com.au. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
- Henderson G A M and Matveev G, Geology of Canberra, Queanbeyan and Environs 1:50000 1980.
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