Amarro Fiamberti was an Italian psychiatrist who first performed a transorbital lobotomy (by accessing the frontal lobe of the brain through the orbits) in 1937. The technique remained rarely practised until his reports were discovered by his contemporary, the American neurologist Walter Freeman, who improved the surgical technique, initially by using ice picks (hence the name "ice pick lobotomy") and later employing more refined equipment.
Amarro Fiamberti was later named Director of the Psychiatric Hospital of Varese when it was opened in 1964.
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