Amaryllideae

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Amaryllideae
Amaryllis belladonna sfbg 2.jpg
Amaryllis belladonna
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Amaryllidoideae
Tribe: Amaryllideae
Dumort.[1]
Type genus
Amaryllis L.
Subtribes
Synonyms

Amarylleae

Amaryllideae are a tribe of subfamily Amaryllidoideae (family Amaryllidaceae). They are herbaceous monocot perennial flowering plants with a predominantly South African distribution, with the exception of the pantropical genus Crinum. They are generally treated as consisting of four subtribes. In addition to Crinum, other genera include Amaryllis, Boophone and Strumaria.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Phylogeny[edit]

The placement of Amaryllideae within subfamily Amaryllidoideae is shown in the following cladogram:

Cladogram: Tribes of subfamily Amaryllidoideae
Subfamily Amaryllidoideae
Africa 

Tribe Amaryllideae




Africa 

Tribe Cyrtantheae



Africa 

Tribe Haemantheae


Australasia

Tribe Calostemmateae





Eurasian clade
Asia

Tribe Lycorideae


Mediterranean

Tribe Galantheae




Tribe Pancratieae



Tribe Narcisseae





American clade
Hippeastroid clade

Tribe Griffineae



Tribe Hippeastreae



Andean clade


Tribe Eustephieae





Tribe Eucharideae/Stenomesseae





Tribe Clinantheae



Tribe Hymenocallideae










Subdivision[edit]

There are four subtribes:

These are phylogenetically related as follows:


Tribe Amaryllideae

Subtribe Amaryllidinae




Subtribe Boophoninae




Subtribe Strumariinae



Subtribe Crininae






Amaryllidinae: Type. Monogeneric subtribe for genus Amaryllis.

Boophoninae: Monogeneric subtribe for genus Boophone.

Crininae: Three genera including Crinum.

Strumariinae: Six genera including Strumaria and Nerine.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Du Mortier 1829, Anal. Fam. Pl.: 58. 1829..
  2. ^ Meerow & Snijman 2001.
  3. ^ Engler & Prantl Nat. Pflanzenfam.2, 5. 105. 1887 (emend. Meerow & Snijman 2001)
  4. ^ Feddes Repertorium 107: S. c. 3. 1996
  5. ^ J. Bot. 16: 164. ante 11 Jun 1878; Pax in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam.2, 5. 108. 1887; D. & U. Muller-Doblies, Feddes Repertorium 107: S. c. 3. 1996.
  6. ^ Bot. Jahrb. 107: 18. 1985 emend Meerow & Snijman, 2001.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]