Amaryllis Marie-Louise Fleming (10 December 1925 – 27 July 1999) was a British cello performer and teacher.
Early life and education
Fleming was born in 1925, reportedly in Switzerland. She was the illegitimate daughter of the painter Augustus John by his mistress Eve Fleming, mother of the writers Peter Fleming and Ian Fleming by her late husband, although most of her life she was raised as the adopted daughter of Eve Fleming as a pretence to hide her illegitimacy and only discovered her true parentage when she was in her twenties.
She went away to school at Downe House in Berkshire, but went up to London every three weeks for cello lessons with John Snowden. In 1943 she won a scholarship to study full-time with Ivor James at the Royal College of Music. She later studied at times under Gaspar Cassadó, Enrico Mainardi, Pablo Casals, Guilhermina Suggia and Pierre Fournier.
She established herself as a performer throughout the 1950s, winning the prestigious Queen's Prize in 1952, making her debut the following year at the Proms, the annual classical music series at London's Royal Albert Hall, and playing with notable musicians throughout Europe.
Her career was overshadowed by the rise of Jacqueline du Pré in the 1960s and she concentrated on chamber music, being especially known for the Fleming Trio with pianist Bernard Roberts and violinist Manoug Parikian.
She also became a pioneer of baroque cello music and "ground-breakingly, she became the first person this century to play Bach's Sixth suite in the manner its composer had intended." At times she owned cellos by Amati, Guarneri and Stradivari.
Later life and reputation
She died unmarried in 1999, peacefully in a hospital at the age of 73. The Times reported that "she never became complacent. She sought out the best teachers in Europe and willingly experimented with many techniques, including practising naked in front of the mirror."
Her half-brother Ian Fleming, in one of his James Bond short stories "The Living Daylights", has Bond musing about a cellist he observes from his sniper's position: "There was something almost indecent in the idea of that bulbous, ungainly instrument between her splayed thighs. Of course Suggia had managed to look elegant, and so did that girl Amaryllis somebody. But they should invent a way for women to play the damned thing side-saddle."
In March 2009 the concert hall of the Royal College of Music, following refurbishment, was renamed the "Amaryllis Fleming Concert Hall" in her honour.
- G. R. Seaman, 'Fleming, Amaryllis Marie-Louise (1925?–1999)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2012 accessed 28 March 2014
- Fergus Fleming (5 August 1999). "Obituary: Amaryllis Fleming". London: The Independent. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
- Cozio.com: cello by Girolamo Amati, 1600c (Amaryllis Fleming)
- New York Times: No High Bidders at Auction of 1717 Fleming Cello Made by Stradivari
- New York Times: Amaryllis Fleming, 73, Cellist Devoted to Baroque Music
- The Guardian: Amaryllis Fleming: A dedicated and talented cellist who worked with some of the greatest musicians of her day but was seldom recorded
- Royal College of Music: Amaryllis Fleming Concert Hall