^Charles Dickens (1908). "Boxing". Dickens Dictionary of London. Retrieved 2010-12-18. The Amateur Boxing Association, 49, Finsbury-pvmt, E.C. (founded in 1880 by the Boxing Clubs of that day, amongst which were the Clapton, West London, St. James, the Hon. Artillery Co's, the Highbury, The London Athletic Club, Birmingham and Cestus Clubs, also the German Gymnastic Society) was instituted for "the encouragement and development of boxing, the holding of boxing matches, competitions and assaults at arms, and the giving of prizes at such matches or competitions"; also "the association of all recognised amateur boxing and athletic clubs, who shall abide by and conduct all open competitions under the rules and regulations of the Boxing Association," and "the institution of championship prizes, the governing of championship meetings," etc. The first officers of this association were: Mr. Tom Anderson, president; Mr. R. Frost Smith, hon. secretary, and Mr. B. J. Angle, treasurer. Mr. R. Frost Smith afterwards becoming president. The present holder of that position is Mr. John H. Douglas, the treasurers Messrs. B.J.Angle and J.Hoare, and secretary, Mr. E. T. Calver. The Association defines the status of an amateur and has rules for the proper conduct of all boxing competitions which are binding on all the affiliated clubs and on all competitors for the different championships. These rules are made by the delegates elected by the various clubs, each being represented according to the numerical strength of members, and constituting the association. The fact that all the London Boxing Clubs of any standing are affiliated to this Association shows the position it stands in as the arrangers of and adjudicators in all amateur boxing contests.