Amateur Football Alliance
The Amateur Football Alliance is a County Football Association in England. It is unusual among County FAs in not serving a particular geographical area. It was founded in 1906 as the Amateur Football Defence Council, was briefly known as the Amateur Football Defence Federation, and was reformed as the Amateur Football Association in 1907, when The FA required all county associations to admit professional clubs. Its aim was, as the decline of amateurism at the highest levels of football set in, to protect and preserve the original amateur spirit. It prides itself on the skill and competitiveness of its leagues, and on its traditions of fair play and respect for opponents and match officials. Many leagues still maintain rules that require clubs to provide food and drink to their opponents and match officials after the match in a clubhouse or public house.
With tension between amateur clubs and the Football Association mounting due to the rise of professionalism, the organisation was formed in May 1906 as the Amateur Football Defence Council, following unanimous agreement at a meeting of around 100 clubs from the London metropolitan area. In September 1906, the AFDC warned the London FA that it's clubs would be boycotting the London Senior Cup the following season. Later that month, the organisation was renamed the Amateur Football Defence Federation.
Following the general meeting of The Football Association on 31 May 1907, it was decided by the Federation that in the best interest of amateur football that a new and separate organisation must be created. The inaugural meeting of the Amateur Football Association was held in the Crown Room of the Holborn Restaurant on 7 July 1907. They were addressed by Alfred Lyttelton MP, before B.A. Glanville of Clapham Rovers proposed the formation of the Association, which was seconded by N.C. Bailey. It was stated that the foundation of the Association wasn't in opposition to professionalism in sport but instead to the "fungus growth which had become attached to the machinery of football management". Lord Alverstone was elected as the first president of the new society, and the Corinthians offered to provide a trophy for a new cup competition. The existing Federation committee was elected to the new organisation.
The Football Association responded by banning amateur players from playing for professional clubs, and resulted in the end of the Sheriff of London Charity Shield after the FA refused to provide a professional team for the match, and barred all its members from either playing or providing facilities. However a later resolution by the FA meant that any player who had played for his school, college or university team which was a member of the Amateur Football Association was not banned from playing for a professional team. Furthermore, the FA asked the Scottish, Welsh and Irish Football Association not to recognise the formation of the AFA.
A number of teams were forced to choose between one association or the other. Cambridge University pledged their allegiance to the Amateur Football Association and in response, so did Oxford University although they would have preferred to remain neutral between the two. Both the Leicestershire and Essex Football Association were early supporters of the actions of the Football Association against the AFA. Meanwhile, both the Army and Royal Navy Football Associations took the question of which Association to support by holding a vote of its member clubs; this resulting in both remaining with the Football Association.
The schism lasted until 1914, when the FA agreed to allow the AFA to retain its amateur policy. The AFA, Oxford, Cambridge, and the public schools would each nominate one member of the FA Council, with the AFA also represented on the national team selection committee and Amateur Cup committee. A maximum of twelve clubs per year (four from one county) could join the AFA.
Three current AFA clubs are former FA Cup winners: Old Etonians and Old Carthusians, who both currently play in the Arthurian League, and Wanderers, who play in the Surrey South Eastern Combination (although the latter is a 2009 re-established version of the original club, which disbanded in 1887). Past members of the AFA include Ipswich Town, Barnet, Cambridge City, the Casuals and the Corinthians. Sir Stanley Rous, who was president of FIFA, was also the president of the AFA. The AFA's flagship competition is the AFA Senior Cup which is contested by AFA-affiliated clubs on Saturday afternoons. Most of these clubs enter one of the three AFA-affiliated Saturday leagues, the Southern Amateur League, Amateur Football Combination and the Arthurian League, the SAL having been founded in the same year as the AFA (1907) by more or less the same group of people.
The organisation changed its name to the Amateur Football Alliance in April 1934.
- Morris, Terry (2015). In A Class of Their Own: A History of English Amateur Football. Chequered Flag Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9932152-4-7.
- Porter, Dilwyn (2013-09-13). "The AFA, the FA, and English Football's 'Great Split', 1907–14". In Porter, Dilwyn; Wagg, Stephen. Amateurism in British Sport: It Matters Not Who Won Or Lost?. Routledge. pp. 62–84. ISBN 9781136802911. Retrieved 2017-05-31.
- "Sporting Paragraphs". The Nottingham Evening Post. 25 May 1906. p. 8 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
- "Defying the Association". The Athletic News. 10 September 1906. p. 1 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
- "Amateur Football". The Times. 27 September 1906. p. 10 – via Newspapers.com.
- "The Amateur Split". The Standard. London. 6 November 1906. p. 12.
- "Amateur Football Association". Nottingham Evening Post (9000). British Newspaper Archive. 9 July 1907. p. 7. Retrieved 5 July 2014. (Subscription required (help)).
- "The Amateur Football Association". The Lichfield Mercury (1472). British Newspaper Archive. 12 July 1907. p. 2. Retrieved 5 July 2014. (Subscription required (help)).
- "Action of Oxford University". Western Daily Press. 99 (15418). British Newspaper Archive. 19 October 1907. p. 2. Retrieved 5 July 2014. (Subscription required (help)).
- "Sporting Paragraphs". Nottingham Evening Post (9183). British Newspaper Archive. 8 February 1908. p. 8. Retrieved 2 July 2014. (Subscription required (help)).
- "Public School Players and the Association". Western Daily Press. 99 (16461). British Newspaper Archive. 10 December 1907. p. 7. Retrieved 5 July 2014. (Subscription required (help)).
- "Footballers and the Compensation Act". Evening Telegraph and Post (9556). British Newspaper Archive. 20 September 1907. p. 3. Retrieved 5 July 2014. (Subscription required (help)).
- "Oxford University Join the Amateur Association". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer (18818). British Newspaper Archive. 15 October 1907. p. 12. Retrieved 5 July 2014. (Subscription required (help)).
- "The Football Association". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer (18728). British Newspaper Archive. 2 July 1907. p. 14. Retrieved 5 July 2014. (Subscription required (help)).
- "Army and Navy Loyal to FA". The Lancashire Daily Post (6482). British Newspaper Archive. 27 August 1907. p. 4. Retrieved 5 July 2014. (Subscription required (help)).
- Porter 2013, p.81
- Porter 2013, p.84 fn.81
- "New Name". Leeds Mercury. 14 April 1934. p. 11 – via British Newspaper Archive.