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In Japanese mythology, Ama-tsu-Mikaboshi (ja:天津甕星, "August Star of Heaven"),[1][2] also called Ame-no-Kagaseo (ja:天香香背男, "Brilliant Male"),[1][2] and later Ama-no-Minaka-nushi ("Divine Lord of the middle heavens")[1][3] was originally a Shinto god of the Pole Star and the primordial chaos.[1][3] Under Chinese Buddhist influence,[1] the god was identified with "Myo-Ken" (Sudarshana),[1] as either Venus[2] or the pole star, before being combined with the god of all stars, Ama-no-Minaka-Nushi.[1][3]

He is mentioned in passing in the Nihon Shoki as an opponent of Takemikazuchi-no-kami during the latter's conquest of the land of Izumo, and is sometimes identified with the figure of Takeminakata in the Kojiki.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g New Larousse encyclopedia of mythology, by Félix Guirand and Robert Graves, Hamlyn, 1968, p.415
  2. ^ a b c 長崎大学教育学部人文科学研究報告 (Nagasaki Daigaku Kyōiku-bu Jinbun Kagaku Kenkyū Hōkoku) [Nagasaki University Education Department Report on Humanities Research]. Issues 37-45 (in Japanese). Nagasaki: Nagasaki University. 1988. Retrieved 2013-06-06. ...願染みの度合い、等の様々な観点から判定して、この金星が、やはり、天津甕星(天香 香背男)として、一番相応しいのではないかと考える。 - judging from degree of familiarity, and various other perspectives, this Venus indeed looks to be the most appropriate match for Ama tsu Mikaboshi (Ame no Kagaseo). 
  3. ^ a b c Encyclopedia of Ancient Deities by Charles Russell Coulter and Patricia Turner, Routledge, 4 Jul 2013, p.96